Homeric Epics (2) （经典阅读一）. 教师 : 吴诗玉 邮箱 : [email protected] 网址： http://sla.sjtu.edu.cn/bbs. 目标 ：读通、读透 《 伊利亚特 》. 大学四年，慌什么？毛什么？急什么？慢下来，静下来，开开心心读点书！ 甘阳. 一部杰作已经成立，便会永存不朽。第一位诗人成功了，也就达到了成功的顶峰。你跟随着他攀登而上，即便达到了同样的高度，也绝不会比他更高。哦，你的名字就叫但丁好了，而他的名字却叫荷马。 ------【 法国 】 维克多 雨果.
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Nine long years, waging war
Trojans, Greeks bound by honor
Fortunes of battle went back and forth.
Where the Iliad opens, the war already having gone on for nine years.
starts off with death, as it will end with death.
A terrible plague
Quarrel of Achilles and Agamemnon
Achilles withdraws from the battle
歌唱吧，女神！歌唱裴琉斯之子阿基琉斯的愤怒—— 他的暴怒招致了这场凶险的灾祸，给阿开亚人带来了 受之不尽的苦难，将许多豪杰强健的魂魄 打入了哀地斯，而把他们的躯体，作为美食，扔给了 狗和兀鸟，从而实践了宙斯的意志， 从初时的一场争执开始，当事的双方是
Scene between Thetis and Zeus allows the audience of glimpse of the gods on Mount Olympus.
The Meaning of Life
An intellectual growth of Achilles
Learn wisdom through suffering
“The Iliad was a book of moral instruction without equal. The whole education system at Oxford reforms that you just read the Iliad and the Odyssey. There, you will find all the lessons you need to live your own life and will be the ruler of that Empire upon which the sun never set.
Gladstone (British Prime Minister)
return home, hid gold and a fake letter from Priam.
stoned to death
by Odysseus and Diomedes.
1. 机灵的人，足智多谋的人； “啊，真理，我多么可怜你啊，原来你死得比我早。”
(1) The Golden Age
(2) The Silver Age
(3) The Bronze Age (ash tree)
(4) The Age of Heroes
(5) The Iron Age
Works and Days
I wish I were not counted among the fifth race of men,
but rather had died before, or been born after it.
This is the race of iron. Neither day nor night
will give them rest as they waste away with toil
and pain. Growing care will be given them by the gods,
and their lot will be a blend of good and bad.
Zeus will eventually destroy this race (old age from birth)
Greek culture has many
(1) God+ human= heroes (half god) (demigod)
(2) someone who lived up to and into the time
of The Trojan War
Extraordinary in some sense
(strength, cleverness, …)
Greek culture which laid so much emphasis on the dichotomy mortal-immortal, saw that as the primary defining characteristic of humans, that we must die. Heroes were a means of mediating that opposition, a means of bridging that gap.