Now that you have finished the course—
Download
1 / 19

Now that you have finished the course— GO FOR IT !!! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 81 Views
  • Uploaded on

Now that you have finished the course— GO FOR IT !!!. AP PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW. Descartes Aristotle Plato (mind not Socrates separate (mind separate from from body- body-knowledge is knowledge innate-born within grows from

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Now that you have finished the course— GO FOR IT !!!' - jillian-foley


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Ap psychology review
AP PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW

  • Descartes Aristotle

  • Plato (mind not

  • Socrates separate

    (mind separate from from body-

    body-knowledge is knowledge

    innate-born within grows from

    us) dualism experience

    monism


  • Measures of central tendency-

  • Mean, median, mode

    p. 41

  • Measures of variation-

  • Range and standard deviation

    p. 41

  • Research methods-

  • Descriptive, correlational, experimental p. 39


  • Who invented phrenology?

  • Franz Gall

  • Neuron communication

  • Sensory neurons

  • Afferent

  • Motor neurons

  • Efferent

  • Sympathetic nervous system-stimulates

  • Parasympathetic -pacifies


  • Nature vs. Nurture

  • Biopsychosocial influences p. 135

  • Individualist cultures and collectivist cultures

  • Individualist proverb: “The squeaky wheel gets the grease.”

  • Collectivist proverb: “The quacking duck gets shot.”


  • Stages of development-

  • Ainsworth strange situation paradigm

  • P. 156 secure and insecure attachment

  • Harry Harlow –experiments on comfort

  • Kubler Ross -stages of dying

  • (Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance)

  • Fluid and crystallized intelligence


  • Absolute threshold-

  • JND-just noticeable difference

  • Weber’s (Vay’ber’s)Law-

  • Two lights-8%,weight-2%,tones-.3%

  • Gate-control theory-

  • gate opened by activity of pain signals traveling up small nervefibers

  • Gate closed by activity of pain signals traveling up large fibers p.227


  • Gestalt – form or whole

  • Monocular and binocular cues

  • Visual cliff experiment-

  • depth perception

  • Perceptual set-mental predisposition

  • Human factors psychologists-

  • help design appliances, machines, etc. that fit our natural perceptions.


  • Sleep cycle (B A D) Beta, Alpha,

    (Theta), Delta

    Spindles in stage 2

    REM- about 25%

    Pineal gland –

    sleep inducing hormone melatonin

  • Suprachiasmatic nucleus (neural center in hypothalamus) controls circadian clock

  • Dream theories


  • Classical and operant conditioning

  • Theory of mind

  • Pavlov, Watson, Garcia

  • Skinner

  • Bandura’sbobo doll

  • Skinner box (operant chamber)

  • Schedules of reinforcement

  • Interval-

  • related to time

  • Ratio-related to number of times


  • Atkinson-Shiffrin’s three stage memory processing model

  • Sensory, short-term, long-term

  • Hippocampus –

  • explicit memories

  • Cerebellum-

  • implicit memories

  • Encoding- effortful and automatic

  • Elizabeth Loftus-false memories


  • Skinner –A I R –

  • association, imitation, reinforcement

  • Chomsky-inborn universal grammar

  • Heuristics-

  • representative, availability

  • Whorf’s linguistic determinism

  • Phoneme-smallest sound unit

  • Morpheme-smallest unit that carries meaning

  • Critical period-window begins to close at age 7


  • Spearman-general intelligence “g”

  • Gardner- 8 intelligences

  • Sternberg-3 intelligences (cap) creative, analytic, practical

  • Binet/Simon-started intelligence movement

  • Wechsler-Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-most widely used

  • Convergent –

  • single correct answer-

  • Divergent-

  • Multiple answers



  • James-Lange theory(arousal-emotion)

  • Cannon-Bard theory(arousal/emotion)

  • Schachter-Singer theory(arousal/label then emotion)

  • Zajonc-LeDoux theory-we have many emotional reactions apart from our interpretation. Two roads:

  • Fear-thalamus-amygdala-response

  • Fear-thalamus-sensory cortex-prefrontal cortex amygdala-response


  • Personality theories-

  • Freud, Adler, Horney, Jung

  • Projective tests

  • Eysenck –two axes-extraversion/introversion

  • Stable/unstable

  • Conscientiousness, agreeableness,

  • Neuroticism, openness, extraversion


  • DSM-IV-TR AND UN-DSM

  • 5 AXES: Disorder, personality disorder, medical condition, environmental problems, functioning

  • Affective(mood)

  • Depression-low serotonin

  • Mania-high serotonin

  • Schizophrenia-high dopamine

  • Positive and negative symptoms


  • Pinel and Dix-humane treatment

  • Regression toward the mean

  • Chart on therapy techniques

  • EMDR

  • Aaron Beck’s view of depression

  • Deinstitutionalization


  • Cognitive dissonance

  • Kurt Lewin-leadership styles

  • Solomon Asch-conformity

  • Milgram-obedience

  • Zimbardo-jail experiment

  • GRIT-graduated and reciprocated initiatives in tension reduction (Osgood)

  • The “sleeper effect” –negative propaganda has impact even from discreditable source.


ad