Where smart pv meets smart grid
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 35

Where Smart PV meets smart grid PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 97 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Where Smart PV meets smart grid. J. Poortmans Scientific director [email protected] Part-time [email protected] outline. [email protected] : the Internet of Power PV in a global context [email protected] EnergyVille : where Smart PV meets Smart Grid PV in Buildings PV in the Shadow Predicting PV energy yield

Download Presentation

Where Smart PV meets smart grid

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Where smart pv meets smart grid

Where Smart PV meets smart grid

  • J. Poortmans

  • Scientific director [email protected]

  • Part-time [email protected]


Outline

outline

  • [email protected]: the Internet of Power

  • PV in a global context

  • [email protected]

  • EnergyVille: where Smart PV meets Smart Grid

    • PV in Buildings

    • PV in the Shadow

    • Predicting PV energy yield

  • Key messages

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Imec in the energy challenge

imec in the energy challenge?

The Internet of Power

Think nano ?

Linking Nanoscale to Gigawatts / GWh

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


The internet of power

The internet of power ...

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


The internet of power1

The internet of power ...

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


The internet of power2

The internet of power ...

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


The internet of power3

The internet of power ...

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


The internet of power4

The internet of power ...

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


The internet of power5

The internet of power ...

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Outline1

outline

  • [email protected]: the Internet of Power

  • PV in a global context

  • [email protected]

  • EnergyVille: where Smart PV meets Smart Grid

    • PV in Buildings

    • PV in the Shadow

    • Predicting PV energy yield

  • Key messages

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Breath taking growth

Breath-taking growth ...

Corresponding to 53 full size 1,300MW nuclear reactors …

and energy wise to the annual output of 9 such reactors

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


And to be continued

And to be continued ...

(GW)

GROWTH REGIONS CAGR (2012 – 2015)

US, China,

India, Japan

ROW (excl. Italy

and Germany)

CAGR = 20%

(2012 – 2015)

= 38%

UPSIDE

= 28%

GERMANY

ITALY

JAPAN

USA

CONSENSUS FORECASTS* (2009 – 2011)

INDIA

CHINA

30-50%

ROW

CONSENSUSFORECAST

BELOW actuals

Module >$2/W

Japan FiT

Module < $1/W

China, India FiT

Courtesy: Charles Gay, Applied Materials

Source: Photon Consulting

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Price collapse in 2011 2013

Price collapse in 2011-2013

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Every crisis ends at some time

Every crisis ends at some time

Resorption of excess PV-production capacity will take time, but first signs of slow recovery

2/3 of the value creation of the PV-system is still located in Europe – materials, equipment, design&installation

Link with local market is important for PV-systems with high added value (e.g. BIPV)

Will the PV-world after the PV-crisis be the same?

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Grid parity the holy grail

Grid parity: the holy grail?

Grid parity achieved

Residential electricity price

PV electricity price

Courtesy of Prof. J. Luther, Fraunhofer ISE

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Different scenarios for pv deployment

Different scenarios for PV-deployment

www.epia.org “Connecting the Sun”

The ideal place to locate PV is where consumption is located

  • Slightly increases the need for PV-capacity (+10%)

  • Reduces need for additional transmission/distribution (-75%)

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Storage at or near the prosumers location

Storage “at or near the prosumers’ location”

www.epia.org “Connecting the Sun”

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Impact on required pv costs

Impact on required PV-costs

Investment

cost

Maintenance cost

+

Levelized cost of electricity

=

Years of operation

Annual energy output

x

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Impact on required pv costs1

Impact on required PV-costs

Investment

cost

Maintenance cost

+

Cost for energy storage

Levelized cost of electricity

=

+

Years of operation

Annual energy output

x

  • PV investment cost needs to reduced with factor 2 to 3 !

  • Energy output needs to be further increased

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013

  • Grid parity is a milestone, not the end goal

  • PV installed close to consumer to limit excess PV-capacity

  • Local storage needs to integrated with the PV system

  • Cost of local storage evolves to 10 c€/kWh


Outline2

outline

  • [email protected]: the Internet of Power

  • PV in a global context

  • [email protected]

  • EnergyVille: where Smart PV meets Smart Grid

    • PV in Buildings

    • PV in the Shadow

    • Predicting PV energy yield

  • Key messages

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Imec pv research

30 % -

Silicon photovoltaics

Go beyond current Si-PV boundaries with industrial manufacturable processes

20 % -

Thin film photovoltaics

10 % -

Organic PV

CZTS as alternative for CIGS

< 0.5

1

0.75

1.5

Cost(€/Wp) on module level

IMEC PV Research

Efficiency targets

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Where smart pv meets smart grid

Energy

companies

Solar cell producers

Tool

suppliers

Material

suppliers

Si-PV partners

Kuwait University

25 year solar cell research

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013

IMEC Confidential


S i pv and opv programs it is all about the performance

Si-Pv and OPV ProgramsIt is all about the performance!

  • Si-based photovoltaics:

    • Thanks to the VlaamsFotovoltaischInitiatief!

    • 6” Screenprinted i-PERC cells > 20%

    • 6” i-PERC (p-type Si) and i-PERT (n-type Si) cells with Cu contacts near 21%

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


S i pv and opv programs it is all about the performance1

Si-Pv and OPV ProgramsIt is all about the performance!

Designated illumination area measurement (4 cm2)

** Measurement at ISE CalLab with designated illumination area (4 cm2)

  • Si-based photovoltaics:

    • 6” Screenprinted i-PERC cells > 20%

    • 6” i-PERC (p-type Si) and i-PERT (n-type Si) cells with Cu contacts near 21%

    • World class IBC-platform with h > 23% for Fz- and Cz-Si substrates

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Solliance opv program overview

Solliance OPv program Overview

WP1

WP2

WP3

WP4

WP5

WP6

Reliability

Pin

  • Program partners

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Organic photovoltaics performance

Organic photovoltaicsperformance

10 solution processedlayers

OPV:

  • Certified polymer cells > 9%

  • Certified polymer module > 5.5%

  • Polymer tandem ≈ 9.0%

  • Polymer triple junction > 9.5%

  • Small molecule tandems > 7.5%

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Outline3

outline

  • [email protected]: the Internet of Power

  • PV in a global context

  • [email protected]

  • EnergyVille: where Smart PV meets Smart Grid

    • PV in Buildings

    • PV in the Shadow

    • Predicting PV energy yield

  • Key messages

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Bipv integration in the construction

BIPVIntegration in the construction

Courtesy of 3E

BIPV: An industry driven by the need of energy efficient buildings

Visit Dow Corning J. Poortmans 24-06-2013


Bipv where efficiency meets beauty

BIPV: where efficiency meets Beauty

  • No ‘silver bullet’ for all PV applications

    • PV power plants and regular rooftop systems

    • Future renewable energy demands will required broadening the application fields

      E.g. real building integrated PV (BIPV)

      • Facades, weak roofs, not ideal orientation, ...

      • Aesthetics !

        Other parameters start to play

    • Flexibility in patterns and shapes

    • Good response to indirect light

    • Cost/m2 rather than cost/Wp

    • Integrated system solutions

      Further R&D essential for all these aspects

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Pv systems today

PV systemstoday

4

After http://www.energyenv.co.uk

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Pv systems in the smart grid era

PV systems in the smart grid era

High-eff modules with thin BC Si solar cells

Distributed DC to AC conversion

Grid smoothing / balancing needed

elec. cost = f(time, season, meteo...)

Demand side management

4

After http://www.energyenv.co.uk

local

storage

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Smart pv module additional functionalities

SMART PV-moduleAdditional functionalities

Control strategies that optimize plant energy / lifetime in synergy with the smart grid

Maintaining efficiency

under non-STC operation

Module-level DC/DC conversion

Thinner Si and polymer layers

Integrated condition monitoring

Design-for-disassembly

Integrated re-configuration series >< parallel

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Pv and the shadow

PV and the shadow

  • Partial shadowing leads to large losses of energy yield

  • Energy yield can be substantially improved by dynamically reconfiguring the PV-module:

    • Integration of sensors

    • Integration of switches

  • Reliability should remain unaffected

  • Energy yield modellingto make the trade-off between additional costs and additional energy yield

Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


Energy yield prediction

Energy Yield prediction

H. Goverde et al. ,

to be published

Energy yield crucial for low LCOE

  • Dependent on lifetime & local conditions

  • Long-term decision for investment

  • But reliable prediction of energy yield is also crucial for short-term decisions

    • Short-time weather predictions (hours to day scale)

    • Reliable prediction of energy “aggregator” crucial for pricing strategy

  • Focus on effect of non-stationary,non-homogeneous conditions (e.g. T-profile in presence of wind)

  • Scenario clustering approach

  • Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


    Key messages

    Key messages

    • PV is there to stay

    • Flanders has a strong position in PV R&D

    • Performance is necessary but not sufficient

    • In order to remain relevant, one has to create added value on the level of PV-system

      • To increase and predict energy yield

      • To integrate more intelligence(reconfigurability)at the level of PV-module and system

      • To integrate storage capability

    • imec wants to create this value together with VITO, KUL and Uhasselt in EnergyVille

    Road to EnergyVille J. Poortmans 25-06-2013


  • Login