Occasional lessons on play
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Occasional Lessons on Play. Opening Leads Part 1. 3 Things to consider. Active or Passive? Which Suit? Which Card? Honour Sequence No Honour Sequence. I’ll deal with Honour sequences later But for now a short quiz:. Which Card to Lead?. From:. Lead:. From:. Lead:. K 9 8 4 2. 4. 9.

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Occasional Lessons on Play

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Occasional lessons on play

Occasional Lessons on Play

Opening Leads

Part 1


3 things to consider

3 Things to consider

  • Active or Passive?

  • Which Suit?

  • Which Card?

    • Honour Sequence

    • No Honour Sequence

  • I’ll deal with Honour sequences later

  • But for now a short quiz:


Which card to lead

Which Card to Lead?

From:

Lead:

From:

Lead:

K 9 8 4 2

4

9

9

K 9 8 4

4

9 8

9

K 9 4

4

9 8 4

8

K 4

K

9 8 4 2

8

9 8 4 3 2

8


4 th highest from an honour

4th Highest from an Honour

  • Example

    • From K 9 8 4 2lead 4

  • Important

    • Remember that this rule says:

  • From an Honour

  • This is the standard lead in No Trumps and if you choose to lead a long suit against a suit contract


3 rd highest from 3 to an honour

3rd Highest from 3 to an Honour

  • Example

    • From K 9 4lead 4

  • Makes things easier for partner

  • Not a very common lead but may occur when leading:

    • Unbid suit or

    • Partner’s suit


2 nd from nothing

2nd from ‘Nothing’

  • Example

    • From 9 8 4 3 2lead 8

  • From long suits without an honour:

    • So it is different from leading from an honour

  • Consider the following layout:


2 nd from nothing1

2nd from ‘Nothing’

K T

N

9 6 4 3 2

A J 5

W

E

S

Q 8 7

  • Quite a common lead, either:

    • To try to establish a suit, or

    • Simply as a safe lead


Mud from 3 small

MUD from 3 small

  • Example

    • From 9 8 4lead 8

  • Middle Up Down

  • Differentiates between a doubleton and 3

  • BUT – you MUST play the 9 next

    • Else partner will think you had a doubleton

  • Not an ideal lead but use if

    • honours elsewhere or

    • this is partner’s suit


Top of a doubleton

Top of a Doubleton

  • Examples

    • From K 4lead K

    • From 9 4lead 9

  • Doubleton leads from honours are risky

  • But it can be effective if it is:

    • The unbid suit or

    • Partner’s suit


So a general rule is

So – a general rule is:

  • Lead a low card from an honour

  • Lead a higher card without an honour

  • Why such a fuss about holding an honour?

  • Consider the following two situations:


Leading low from honours

Leading low from Honours

4 by South

 A J 5 2

N

W

E

 K T 6

 9 8 7 3

S

 Q 4

 A J 5 2

N

W

E

 Q 9 8 3

 K T 6

S

 7 4


Leading low from honours1

Leading low from Honours

  • So:

  • It is IMPERATIVE to lead low from honours only

Another example:


Leading low from honours2

Leading low from Honours

3NT by S

  •  9 7 4

  •  A J 8

  •  A J T 6

  •  T 6 4

 7 lead

  •  T 8 6 5 3

  •  K T 4

  •  Q 7 2

  •  J 7

  •  A 2

  •  9 7 5 3 2

  •  K 5 3

  •  Q 3 2

 8 played

  •  K Q J

  •  Q 6

  •  9 8 4

  •  A K 9 8 5


Which card to lead1

Which Card to Lead?

From:

Lead:

From:

Lead:

K 9 8 4 2

4

9

9

K 9 8 4

4

9 8

9

K 9 4

4

9 8 4

8

K 4

K

9 8 4 2

8

9 8 4 3 2

8


Honour leads

Honour Leads

From:

Against Suit:

K Q J 4 3

K

K Q 5 4 3

K

K Q T 4 3

K

Q J 5 4 3

Q

Q J 9 4 3

Q

K J T 4 3

J

A J T 4 3

A

K J 9 4 3

4


Honour leads1

Honour Leads

From:

AgainstNT:

K Q J 4 3

K

K Q 5 4 3

4

K Q T 4 3

K

Q J 5 4 3

4

Q J 9 4 3

Q

K J T 4 3

J

A J T 4 3

J

K J 9 4 3

4


Honour leads2

Honour Leads

From:

Against Suit:

AgainstNT:

K Q J 4 3

K

K

K Q 5 4 3

K

4

K Q T 4 3

K

K

Q J 5 4 3

Q

4

Q J 9 4 3

Q

Q

K J T 4 3

J

J

A J T 4 3

A

J

K J 9 4 3

4

4


Honour leads3

Honour Leads

3NT by S

  •  T 8 6

  •  A 7

  •  K Q 5 4 3

  •  J 9 2

Now swap dummy’s holding with partner’s:


Honour leads4

Honour Leads

  •  A 7

  •  K Q 5 4 3

  •  T 8 6

  •  J 9 2


Broken sequences

Broken Sequences

  • So, the rule is:

  • Against Suits,

    • with two or more touching high cards

    • LEAD HIGH

  • Against NT,

    • with more than two touching high cards

    • LEAD HIGH

  • Note, for example:

    • K Q T and

    • Q J 9 etc.

    • count as 2 ½

  • but NOT eg, K J T


Broken sequences1

Broken Sequences

  • A 7

  • K Q T 4 3

  •  8 6 5

  • J 9 2


Interior sequences

Interior Sequences

With three high cards,

When the lower two touch

lead the higher of the touchers.

  • Q 8 7

  • K J T 4 3

  •  A 6 5

  • 9 2


Last rule

Last Rule

Never lead away from an Ace

on the opening lead against

A suit contract


Leading from an ace

Leading from an Ace

Partner leads 4

  •  Q 8 2

  •  J 9 6 4 3

  •  K T 7

  •  A 5


Leading from an ace1

Leading from an Ace

Partner leads 4

  •  Q 8 2

  •  A 9 6 4 3

  •  K T 7

  •  J 5


Leading from an ace2

Leading from an Ace

Partner leads 4

  •  Q 8 2

  •  A J 6 4 3

  •  K T 7

  •  9 5


Honour leads5

Honour Leads

From:

Against Suit:

AgainstNT:

K Q J 4 3

K

K

K Q 5 4 3

K

4

K Q T 4 3

K

K

Q J 5 4 3

Q

4

Q J 9 4 3

Q

Q

K J T 4 3

J

J

A J T 4 3

A

J

K J 9 4 3

4

4


Next session

Next Session

  • Choosing the suit

  • Basic leads against NT

  • Basic leads against suit contracts

    • Short suits

    • Long strong suits

    • Trumps

  • What else?

    • Unbid suits

    • Partner’s suit

    • Active or passive?

  • Things to avoid


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