TURN KEY ELECTRICITY AND AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS OF ENERGY SECTOR. INDEX. 1.Energy Sector and KONELSIS 2.HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS 2.1HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS(HEPP) 2.2 Main Parts of Hydroelectric Power Plants 2.3 Types of Turbine 2.3.1 Kaplan Turbine
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TURN KEY ELECTRICITY AND AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS OF ENERGY SECTOR
1.Energy Sector and KONELSIS
2.HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
2.1HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS(HEPP)
2.2 Main Parts of Hydroelectric Power Plants
2.3 Types of Turbine
2.3.1 Kaplan Turbine
2.3.2 Francis Turbine
2.3.3 Pelton Turbine
22.214.171.124 Vertical Axis Pelton Turbine
126.96.36.199 Horizontal Axis Pelton Turbine
2.4 Governor (Speed Regulator)
2.6 Generators and Synchronization
2.7 Power Transmission Lines
3. Elecrical Solutions
3.1 HEPP A TYPCAL SINGLE LINE
3.2 HEPP Typical Electrical Installation
3.3 HEPP and KONELSIS Solutions
3.3.1 Middle Voltage Distrubution Panels
3.3.2 Low Voltage Distrubution Panel Solutions
3.3.3 Compensation Panel Solutions
3.3.4 MCC Panel Solutions
3.3.5 Local Panel Solutions
4. AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS
4.2 AutomationSystem Components
4.3 PLC Panels
4.4 Plant PLC Board Features
4.5 Plant PLC Board Functions
4.6 Unit PLC Board Functions
4.8 SwitchgearMonitoringand Control Reference Examples
4.9 Energy Control Systems Reference List
4.10 HydroelectricPlants Reference List of Our Partner Company
Turnkey Electrical and Automation Solutions.
HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
Main Parts of Hydro Electric Power Plants(HEPP)
Water supply structure:
Reservoir plants in dam, the channel-type plants in a tunnel orchannel that is open.
Water input section of the forced pipe.
Forced (pressure) Pipes :
Between the water intake and the power plant, according to measurements calculated flow and fall water are the large-scale steel pipe.
Spiral case : Spiral case lead water into runner. Make water in the same radial velocity. Made of metal or concrete.
Hydraulic turbine is a prime mover which transforms the energy of fallingwater into mechanical energy of rotation and whose primary function is todrive a water-wheel hydroelectric generator.
In electricity generation, an electrical generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy, generally using electromagnetic induction.
Upgrade or degrade the voltage
Typically switchgear in substations is located on both the high voltage and the low voltage side of large power transformers. The switchgear located on the low voltage side of the transformers in distribution type substations, now are typically located in what is called a Power Distribution Center (PDC). Inside this building are typically smaller, medium-voltage (~15kV) circuit breakers feeding the distribution system. Also contained inside these Power Control Centers are various relays, meters, and other communication equipment allowing for intelligent control of the substation.
Other equipment :
Separate from the main equipment as heating and ventilation systems, lighting systems, emergency DC power, alternating current emergency power (diesel generator) systems, seepage collection ponds, feed pumps, discharge pumps, communication systems, compressors and tanks such as pressurized air systems, fire protection and extinguishing systems, maintenance, installation and demontaj fields, cranes, lifting systems, purification systems, first-aid section, batardo covers, laboratories, etc.
Water turbines were developed in the nineteenth century and were widely used for industrial power prior to electrical grids. Now they are mostly used for electric power generation. They harness a clean and renewable energy source.
Hydraulic Turbine Types:
Kaplan turbine, thought to be high in places of low flow is used. Most suitable type of turbine.
Between 2 and 40 meter fall height can be productive.
Types of Turbine
Types of Turbine
Francis turbines of
50 m and 350m between the low-are used. Francis typeIn 1838 the first turbineBy American HOWD was discovered in 1848 Americans still FRANCIS developed bytested.
Types of Turbine
Pelton turbine operate best with heads from
200 metres to 1,800 metres, although there is no theoretical limit. Pelton turbine is seperated into 2 groups as horizontal and vertical.
The amount of water entering the turbine can be
regulated by openingor closing the wicket gates
which are arranged in a ring around the turbine
inlet. Depends on the load, change active power
of the set.
Governor (Speed Regulator)
Digital Valf Governor
Step Motor Governor
Two AC generators operated in parallel must be not only at the same speed but also the same phase to be paralleled.
The standard power plant method of synchronizing two generators is to use instrument called a synchroscope. This instrument indicates whether the incoming generator is faster, slower or in phase with the bus. Since the rotors of power plant generators weigh many tons, the phases must be extremely accurately matched or else the rotor will be forcibly yanked into phase, possibly wrecking the generator.
Generators required to connect the
Connected to the end of the same name,
The lack of phase difference
Generators and Synchronization
Energy, produced by generators, is transmitted to the transformer center using energy transmission lines.
Generator output directly connected Medium Voltage Cells (MV Panel) and then MV Panel connected to the amplifier transformer.
Transmission lines carry electric energy from one point to another in an electric power system. They can carry alternating current or direct current or a system can be a combination of both. Also, electric current can be carried by either overhead or underground lines. The main characteristics that distinguish transmission lines from distribution lines are that they are operated at relatively high voltages, they transmit large quantities of power and they transmit the power over large distances.
HEPP MV Typical Single Line Diagram
HEPP LV Typical Single Line Diagram
*Schneider, Merlin Gerin products • Metal clad MV cells, • Metal enclosed MV cells, • Metal enclosed, with drawers MV cells, * Are available in local manufacturing.
LV Panels are produced in standarts of TSE, CE and ISO 9001-14001 . All switchgear materials used in Panels are SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS and ABB trademarks
All switchgear materials used in Panels SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS and ABB trademarks
MCC Panels are produced in standarts of TSE, CE and ISO 9001-14001 . All switchgear materials used in Panels are SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS and ABB trademarks
Local Panels are produced in standarts of TSE, CE and ISO 9001-14001 . All switchgear materials used in Panels are SCHNEIDER, SIEMENS and ABB trademarks
Oil Level Indicator
Neutral Grounding Resistor
(with Zn Earthing Transformer)
Generator Neutral Cubicle 6,3 kV 2000 A with Neutral Grounding ResistorGenerator Leads Cubicles 6,3 kV 500 A
Schnedier; Modicon Quantum, Premium, M340 Solutions,
Siemens, S7 400, S7 300 PLC Solutions,
Schnedier Vijeo Citect scada software,
Siemens WinCC scada software,
The MFR 13 is an intelligent protection unit. The primary values are measured over integrated voltage and current
measuring inputs and converted into configurable limit values which are displayed and monitored.
Mains Decoupling Relay
The MRN3 is a universal mains decoupling device and covers the protection requirements from
VDEW and most other utilities for the mains parallel operation of power stations.
• Over/ and under voltage protection,
• over/ and under frequency protection,
• extremely fast decoupling of generator in case of mains failure (MRN3-1) or
The ESDR 4T is a three-phase current differential protection relay for generators, motors and transformers in block connection (protected object). The currents flowing in the individual conductors are each measured using a current transformer on both sides of the protected object. They form the protection area boundary or zone. All two or three-phase short-circuits and line-to-earth faults within this protection area are detected by the ESDR 4T as fault currents which cause tripping. The unit does not trigger if fault currents occur outside the protection zone. In this way, a selective protection is guaranteed.
SCADA TYPICAL UNIT 1 DESIGN
SCADA TYPICAL DESIGN OF MAIN SCREEN
LV MONITORING DISPLAY ONE LINE of
MV MONITORING DISPLAY ONE LINE of
PHASE FLOW GRAPHS for GENERATING
DISPLAY GENERATOR REPORTING