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announcements. Please fill out CAPES =) Questions on final paper? Office hours: W 2-4 @ SSB 254, T/ Th by appt @ CCC Presentation: M 3/ 11 Erin Chan Anne Lu Zhi Li Tristan Parkinson. The Woman Who has Two Navels. What defines identity , essence or existence?

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Announcements

announcements

  • Please fill out CAPES =)

  • Questions on final paper?

  • Office hours: W 2-4 @ SSB 254, T/Th by appt @ CCC

  • Presentation: M 3/11

    • Erin Chan

    • Anne Lu

    • Zhi Li

    • Tristan Parkinson


The woman who has two navels

The Woman Who has Two Navels

  • What defines identity, essence or existence?

    • Pepe & Fr Tony - forcing Connie to choose; forcing Connie to turn away from nihilism

    • Biliken- “God of Things as They Ought to Be”

    • Connie’s four deaths – death to the past forces which once defined her


Connie and dr monson

Connie and dr. monson

  • Connie as Dr. Monson’s closure  “For it now seemed inevitable that she should have come – to close a circle, to end a history” (291)

  • Dr. Monson as Connie’s confessor  “’Bless me, Father, for I have sinned’” (303)

  • Connie as Dr. Monson’s revelation  “But now that he knew himself ended, he felt drawn, in penitence, towards the unknown life, willing to be dragged into it” (305)

  • Connie actually makes a choice (317)


Dr monson la vidal s deaths

Dr. monson& la vidal’s deaths

  • Redefining concepts of independence and the Republic  “Here it was before him (and he strove to rise to salute it) in the faces of his sons” (332)

  • Macho shoots La Vidal  self-destruction of the corrupt north and south

  • Monson family & Connie  the choice to reaffirm values & identity, to persist in ethical behavior despite the inevitability of power and defeat, even while in exile


Dogeaters

Dogeaters

martial law & unruly multiplicity


The cold war marcos era manila

the cold war & Marcos-era Manila

  • 1946 – recognition of Philippine independence by US

  • 1947 – Truman Doctrine

  • 1949 – Ferdinand Marcos elected to Philippine Congress

    • 1953 – Marcos marries Imelda Romualdez

  • 1955 – Vietnam War begins

  • 1965 - Marcos becomes President of the Philippines

  • 1970 – First Quarter Storm

  • 1972 – Marcos declares Martial Law

  • 1983 – Ninoy Aquino’s assassinationsparks mass protest, People Power

  • 1986 – Marcos flees Philippines for HI; Corazon Aquino becomes president


  • Marcos s legacy

    Marcos’s legacy

    • 3,257 extrajudicial killings; 35,000 torture victims; 70,000 to 120,000 victims of arbitrary detention; $5 billion looted


    Point of view characters

    Point of view characters

    • Rio Gonzaga – ten-years old, upper-class mestiza but alternately disgusted and fascinated by the corruption around her; will eventually leave Manila for US – novel seems to be an attempt to reckon with her personal memories of the period

    • Joey Sands – roughly in his early 20s; child of a “whore” and African American soldier stationed in the PI; works as a DJ and gay prostitute; addicted to cocaine

    • Why entwine Rio and Joey as narrators?

    • Major families:

      • Gonzaga

      • Alacran

      • Avila


    Gonzaga family

    Gonzaga family

    Lola Narcisa

    Whitman Logan

    Socorro

    Don Carlos

    Dolores Freddie Agustin Florence

    Rio

    Raul

    Pucha

    Mikey


    Alacran

    Alacran

    Severo Isabel

    Gen Ledesma

    Lolita Luna

    Baby PepeCarreon

    Andres

    (Cocorico)


    Avila

    Avila

    Sen. Domingo Avila Prof. Ma. Luisa Avila

    Clarita

    Daisy Aurora

    Malcom Webb

    Tirador Santos


    Masa the masses

    Masa (the masses)

    Orlando “Romeo” Rosales

    Trinidad Gamboa

    “Uncle”

    Joey Sands


    Major themes motifs

    Major themes & motifs

    • Popular culture  films, movies, television, radio

      • High versus low culture; cultural imperialism

  • Hybridity  cultural, linguistic, ethnic

    • Multiple forms of mestizaje

    • Tagalog vs Spanish vs English vsTaglish

  • Beauty and the role of women in society

    • Daisy Avila as beauty queen vs Daisy Avila as guerilla rebel

  • Homosexuality and queerness

    • Joey Sands’s practices of survival vs Manila as space of sex tourism

  • Imposition of order vs chaos of multiplicity

    • Madame & President vs multiple characters/viewpoints


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