This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 74

开放教育本科 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 106 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

西方经济学 精品课程. 开放教育本科. 第 10 章. 简单国民收入决定模型. 学习要求 主要名词: 平均消费倾向 边际消费倾向 投资乘数 主要问题: 短期消费曲线与长期消费曲线的异同。 弗里德曼的相对收入理论及其评述。 莫迪利安尼的生命周期理论及其评述。 影响三部门经济条件下的国民收入的因素。 投资乘数形成的原因、作用及其计算公式。 计算均衡收入、消费、投资和居民可支配收入。. 第一节 消费函数和储蓄函数. 消费函数( consumption function ) 是消费与收入之间的依存关系。

Download Presentation

开放教育本科

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


4868264


4868264

10


4868264


4868264

consumption function

C=fY


4868264

C

C=bY

Y

0


4868264


4868264

average propensity to consumeAPC


Marginal propensity to consume mpc

marginal propensity to consumeMPC


4868264

bY


4868264

C

E

YC0

Y

0


4868264

C

E

YC0

Y

0


Apc mpc

1APCMPC

2MPCC= C0+bY

3APCMPC

1 MPC 0

4

CYAPC1

CY1APC0

C=YAPC=1

APCMPC


4868264

S=fY


4868264

S

F

0

E

D

Y


4868264


4868264

average propensity to saveAPS


Marginal propensity to save mps

marginal propensity to saveMPS


4868264


4868264


4868264


4868264


4868264


4868264


4868264


4868264

ADCI

=+

AD=C+I


4868264

AS

=+

AS=C+S


4868264

ADAS

AD=C+IAS=C+S

C+IC+S

IS


4868264


4868264

AD = C + I


4868264

C

E

Y

0


4868264

CI

E

Y

0


4868264


4868264

AD

E

Y

0


4868264

AD

Y

E

Y

0


4868264

Y

Y

  • Y

  • Y

  • Y

AD

Y

0


4868264

Y

Y

  • Y

  • Y

  • Y

AD

Y

0


4868264

Y

Y

  • Y

  • Y

  • Y

AD

Y

0


4868264


Deflationary gap

AD

E

K

Y

0

deflationary gap)


Inflationary gap

AD

E

Y

0

(inflationary gap)


4868264


4868264


Multiplier

multiplier


4868264

(investment multiplier)


4868264

1000,30003


4868264

$1000$ 1000MPC2/3$ 666.67(2/31000)$666.67MPC2/3$444.442/3666.672/3

$1000


4868264

MPC2/3312


4868264


4868264


4868264


4868264

1

2

3


4868264

80200


4868264

80200


4868264

80200

2a1(1-MPC)a2.5MPC0.6


4868264

80200

2a1(1-MPC)a2.5MPC0.6

3MPCMPS1MPS0.4


4868264


4868264

AD=C+I+G


4868264

T

AS=C+S+T


4868264

ADAS

AD=C+I+GAS=C+S+T

C+I+GC+S+T

I+GS+T

GT


4868264

CI

E

Y

0


4868264

CIG

E

Y

0


4868264

1.

1

1


4868264

2.45


4868264

1.MPCMPS

A.1

B.1

C.0

D.1

B


4868264

2.

A.

B.

C.

D.

D


4868264

3.

A.

B.

C.

D.

A


4868264

4.

A.MPC=0.6

B.MPC=0.4

C.MPC=0.9

D.MPC=0.2

C


4868264

1.


4868264

3.


4868264

4.


4868264


  • Login