Vaginal discharge culture
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Vaginal discharge culture. Specimen processing for Vaginal swab. Vaginitis. Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa called vaginitis. Women who present with vaginal symptoms often complain of an abnormal discharge and possibly other symptoms such as offensive odor and itching.

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Vaginal discharge culture

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Vaginal discharge culture

Vaginal discharge culture


Specimen processing for vaginal swab

Specimen processing for Vaginal swab


Vaginitis

Vaginitis

  • Inflammation of the vaginal mucosa called vaginitis.

  • Women who present with vaginal symptoms often complain of an abnormal discharge and possibly other symptoms such as offensive odor and itching.

  • The three most common cause of vaginitis in premenopausal women are vaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis.

  • Bacterial vaginosis

  • BV is caused by an imbalance of naturally occurring bacterial flora of vagina.


Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial Vaginosis

  • Non-cultural diagnosis can be made by detection at least three of the following four characteristics:

  • I. Thin, homogeneous discharge adhering to the vaginal wall.

  • II. pH greater than 4.5.

  • III. Fishy odor intensified on addition of 10% potassium hydroxide.

  • IV. Presence of clue cells by microscopic examination of the discharge.


Bacterial vaginosis1

Bacterial Vaginosis

  • A Whiff test Several drops of 10 % a potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution may also be added to a sample of the vaginal discharge to test for any resultant strong fishy (amine) odor from the mix, which would indicate bacterial vaginosis.

  • pH measuring by using litmus papers, Normal vaginal pH is between 3.8-4.5 pH.


Bacterial vaginosis2

Bacterial Vaginosis


At least 10 20 high power 1000 oil immersion fields are counted and an average determined

Bacterial Vaginosis

At least 10–20 high power (1000× oil immersion) fields are counted and an average determined.


Clue cells

Clue cells

  • Clue cells are vaginal squamous epithelial cells coated with coccobacilli gram variable Gardnerellavaginalisadhering to their surface and sometimes obscuring their borders.

  • Clue cells indicate bacterial vaginosis.

  • Mix a drop of vaginal fluid with a drop of saline on a glass slide.

  • Place a coverslip over the suspension and examine the preparation microscopically at x 400 magnification.

  • Clue cells are squamous epithelial cells covered with many small coccobacillary organisms ,giving a stippled, granular aspect the edges of these epithelia cells are not clearly defined , owing to the large number of bacteria present .


Clue cells wet mount

Clue cells Wet mount


Clue cells gram stain

Clue cells Gram Stain


Vaginal discharge culture

Normal Vaginal Gram Stain


Vaginal discharge culture

Bacterial VaginosisGarm Stain


Candidiasis or candida vaginitis

Candidiasis or Candida Vaginitis

  • Diagnosis is confirmed either by a simple wet mount, or better, a 10% potassium hydroxide wet mount microscopy and culture.

  • Candida albicans is the major cause accounting for 85% of the isolates.


Wet mount and koh smear

Wet mount and KOH smear

KOH slide A sample of the vaginal discharge is placed on a slide and mixed with a solution of 10% potassium hydroxide (KOH). The KOH kills bacteria and cells from the vagina, leaving only yeast for easier detection of a yeast infection.


Sabouraud dextrose agar

Sabouraud Dextrose agar

Ingredients:

Digest of casein.

Digest of animal tissue.

Dextrose. 4 %

Agar 1.5 %

Final pH 5.6 ± 0.2 at25°C

Sabouraud Dextrose agar is used for the isolation, cultivation, and maintenance of saprophytic and pathogenic fungi.

It supplies peptone as the protein source and dextrose as the carbohydrate source for nourishment .

Bacterial suppression occur due to the low pH (5.6) pH.

Note: chloramphenicol may use to inhibit growth of bacteria.


Candida albicans on sab agar

Candida albicans on Sab. agar

Candida appears as large, round, white or cream (albicans is from latin meaning 'whitish') colonies with a yeasty odor on agar plates.


Trichomoniasis or trichomonas vaginitis

Trichomoniasis or Trichomonas Vaginitis

Trichomonas vaginalis


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