Essay Writing. Elements of the Essay. Elements of the Essay. Purpose Tone Plan Personality of the writer Communications for a specific purpose Humor or satire Narration Style Subject Theme. What is an essay?.
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Elements of the Essay
An essay is a piece of writing designed to affect its readers in a manner determined by its author. A good essay will tend to sway the reader toward the writer’s position on his/her subject.
Formal: deal with facts or objects (objective writing) themselves rather than with the thoughts and feelings of the writer. This type of essay usually deals with serious thoughts and ideas.
Each type has specific characteristics
Identify the type of essay
Identify writer purpose
Create coherence within and between paragraphs, “transition or linking”
State topic or transitional sentence
Examine use of figurative language
Examine sentence structure and purpose it serves
Identify point of view
Discuss diction as it relates to purpose
What organizing principle does the writer use?
Narrowing your Topic: The first step in writing an essay, is finding something to write about. Whether you are working from a list of assigned topics or selecting your own, try to find something that sparks your interest. Not only will working on the assignment be more stimulating, but your commitment will also help you write a more convincing essay.
Write down everything about your topic, no matter how bizarre or irrelevant.
The introduction states the main idea (thesis) of the essay. It also provides a preview of the ideas discussed in the body of the essay.
2. The Body: A good thesis statement suggests the body of an essay will be developed. The following are patterns of organization that writer’s use in the body of an essay.
Problem/ solution: The essay concisely states a problem, giving details that help the reader see how extensive and serious it is. Then solutions are laid out clearly and supported with facts, evidence and expert opinion. In the conclusion, the writer often recommends one solution, giving reasons for the choice.
1.Conventions: describe how well you use grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and paragraphing to suit the form of writing. Conventions, along with how neatly you present your work, affect how easy it is for your audience to read your writing. By deliberately using different kinds of conventions style is created.
2.Sentence Fluency: refers to how well you create sentences, using a variety of sentence types to develop style. Whether sentences are simple, compound or complex they should be clear and logical. When sentence fragments are used they should be on purpose to create specific effects. Use of dialogue should also suit the character.
3.Voice: voice describes how well you communicate your feelings about the topic. The audience should be able to sense your personality through your writing. The subject should seem real to the audience.
4.Content: describes how well you establish a purpose and relate your ideas to that purpose. This requires that you know your subject really well and that you remain clear and focused on the subject and theme as you write. Be creative!
5.Ideas: the main idea should be easily determined by the reader. You should know your topic well and avoid generalities and common knowledge. The reader should learn something from your paper.