Turkish code of commerce
Download
1 / 12

Turkish Code of Commerce - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 148 Views
  • Uploaded on

Turkish Code of Commerce. Samim Unan. Previous Code. Dated 1956 Prepared by Prof. Dr. Ernst Hirsch (from G ermany) Five books: Commercial enterprise Commercial companies Negotiable instruments Sea trade Insurance . New Code (Turkish Code of Commerce of 2011).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Turkish Code of Commerce' - jethro


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Previous code
Previous Code

  • Dated 1956

  • Prepared by Prof. Dr. Ernst Hirsch (from Germany)

  • Five books:

    • Commercial enterprise

    • Commercial companies

    • Negotiable instruments

    • Sea trade

    • Insurance


New code turkish code of commerce of 2011
New Code (Turkish Code of Commerce of 2011)

  • Prepared by a special commission between 2000-2005

  • Waited until 2011 at the Parliament

  • Enacted in 2011

  • Introductory provisions + books

  • Six books:

    • Commercial enterprise

    • Commercial companies

    • Negotiable instruments

    • Transport

    • Sea Trade

    • Insurance


Introductory provisions
Introductory provisions

  • TCComm. is an integral part of the Turkish Civil Code of 2001.

  • Provisions of the Code of Commerce and special provisions in other laws relating to a commercial enterprise are “commercial provisions”

  • On a commercial issue, the judge shall decide on the basis of commercial provisions and where any applicable commercial provision is lacking pursuant to commercial customary rules and in default of any customary rule in accordance with general provisions.


Introductory provisions1
Introductory provisions

  • Provisions about prescription in the laws containing commercial provisions cannot be modified by stipulation.


Commercial enterprise
Commercial enterprise

  • Merchant

  • Commercial Registry

  • Trade name and name of the enterprise

  • Unfair competition

  • Commercial books and records

  • Current account

  • Agency


Commercial companies
Commercial companies

  • Numerusclausus

  • Unlimited liability of the shareholders

  • Limited liability of the shareholders


Negotiable instruments
Negotiable instruments

  • Similar to Swiss law


Transport
Transport

  • Carriage of goods

  • Carriage of furniture

  • Carriage of passengers

  • Forwarders


Sea trade
Sea Trade

  • Vessel

  • Ship owner

  • Master

  • Contracts of sea trade

    • Bare boat charter

    • Time charter

    • Voyage charter

    • Carriage under B/L


Sea trade1
Sea trade

  • Liability of the ship owner


Insurance
Insurance

  • General provisions

  • Insurance of loss

  • Personal Insurance

  • Fixed sum insurance (?)


ad