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Research Writing. Like any writing, Know audience Know Story/Message/Subject Follow Formats for Outlet Research Style Objective, Factual Impersonal Dense, concise, logical. Sections. Abstract – Executive Summary Introd/Problem statement Objectives Lit Review/Background Methods

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Presentation Transcript
Research writing l.jpg
Research Writing

  • Like any writing,

    • Know audience

    • Know Story/Message/Subject

    • Follow Formats for Outlet

  • Research Style

    • Objective, Factual

    • Impersonal

    • Dense, concise, logical


Sections l.jpg
Sections

  • Abstract – Executive Summary

  • Introd/Problem statement

  • Objectives

  • Lit Review/Background

  • Methods

  • Results

  • Discussion, Implications

  • References


Problem statement l.jpg
Problem Statement

  • Introduce topic and key concepts

  • Show your knowledge of subject

  • Justify importance of problem

  • Fit study into larger context, delimit it

  • Work from broad to narrow

  • Lead up to objectives


Objectives l.jpg
Objectives

  • Concise 1,2,3 listing

  • State as questions to answer, hypotheses to test

  • In evaluation study, clarify evaluation criteria


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Lit Review

  • Research Report

    • Link study to past research

    • Provide further background on subject and methods

  • Evaluation Study

    • Further background on program being evaluated

    • Link with other studies, plans, …


Methods l.jpg
Methods

  • Study population

  • Sampling Procedures

  • Defn of concepts/variables

  • Measurement

  • Reliability / validity

  • Data gathering/Field procedures

  • Analysis plan


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Results

  • Objectives provide structure here

  • Concise, precise, factual

  • Save discussion, interpretation for next section

  • Use Tables and Figures effectively


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Discussion

  • Add your interpretations of results here

  • Discuss limitations and generalizability

  • Implications of results, recommendations, if appropriate

  • Suggestions for further research


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Three Audiences/styles

  • Researchers – research journal style

    • Technical, methods, statistical tests

  • Managers – business style

    • Results and implications

  • Public – newspaper style

    • Interesting, no jargon, highlights


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Reporting Formats

  • Written Report

  • Oral Presentation

  • To an individual or small group


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Written/Research

Problem

Objectives

Methods

Results

Discussion

Oral/Business

Objectives

Key Results & Recommendations

Justify from study

Brief methods

Discussion

Research vs Business Reports


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