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Prospect- 了解国内外科技产出的最新动态 中国已成为世界上第三研发国和第二论文产出国 (科技投入 :GDP/R&D ;文章产出 ;高等教育) Publishing-- 您展示最新科研成果 on JZUS-B. 张月红 ( Helen ZHANG), 浙江大学学报英文版 (A&B) Managing Editer of JZUS(A&B) Editorial Board Member of Learned Publishing ( UK & USA). Prospect- 了解国内外科技产出的最新动态:. 中国成为世界上第三研发国和第二论文产出国

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张月红 ( Helen ZHANG), 浙江大学学报英文版 (A&B) Managing Editer of JZUS(A&B)

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Prospect gdp r d publishing on jzus b

Prospect- :GDP/R&D Publishing-- on JZUS-B

  • Helen ZHANG), (A&B)

  • Managing Editer of JZUS(A&B)

  • Editorial Board Member of Learned Publishing ( UK & USA)


Prospect

Prospect-

20

2008


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

  • OECD19911242003846

  • NSB(2008, 20053245 13071150

  • 12254%~5%17%524%GDP0.6%1.3%151.8%2.6%

  • 199116%200342%ISIISTP, Ei


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

  • 616199812008229

    ESI-SMEssential Science Indicators SM22

    SCI11500SCI

    22

    :


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20

Top 20 Countries in Clinical Medicine

A featured country selection from Essential Science IndicatorsSM Below is a listing of the top 20 countries which, as of the latest bimonthly update of Essential Science Indicators, attracted the highest total citations to their papers published in Thomson Reuters-indexed journals of Clinical Medicine over the 10-year + 4-month period (1998-April 30, 2008). These countries are the top 20 out of a pool of 106 countries comprising the top 50% ranked by total citation count in this field (see source dates below).


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

2008Science and Engineering Indictors

U.S. GDP growth is robust but cannot match large, sustained increases in China and other Asian economies

World Bank and other data show that the worlds total economic output nearly doubled over the past two decades.[1] Although most world regions participated in this rapid expansion of total economic output, increases did not occur evenly 2. A group of East and Southeast Asian economies (the Asia-10) gained more rapidly than did most of the rest of the world, initiating a slow shift of the epicenter of world economic growth toward the region (figure O-1 ). Its GDP nearly tripled as China, India, and South Korea posted strong advances, even as Japan's economy struggled with slow growth. The rapid rise in Asian economic output over two decades, combined with slower growth elsewhere, pushed the region's share of world GDP from less than one-quarter in 1985 to 36% in 2005


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

1. U.S. GDP growth is robust but cannot match large, sustained increases in China and other Asian economies.


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R&D $813(Billion)


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R&DGDP

R&D6%20%http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind08

/


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19952005 2010 2 SCI 5while Asia's output doubled (figure O-18 ). China moved to fifth place in total article output, and a number of other Asian economies, including South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan, registered steep publications increases, suggesting improving basic scientific infrastructure. But a broad citation measure (citations received adjusted for the volume of articles available for citation) indicates a more measured pace of increasing article quality for many Asian locations.


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

Human capital development responds to incentives of the knowledge-intensive economy

In international comparison, the United States has a larger proportion of the working-age population with a higher education degree (39%) than most other countries (figure O-45 ). Only the Russian Federation (55%), Israel (45%), and Canada (45%) have higher percentages for this indicator

39% 55%45 45


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

Advanced training in natural sciences and engineering is becoming widespread, eroding the U.S. advantage.

The number of first university degrees a nation awards in natural sciences and engineering (NS&E) is a workforce indicator that is more specifically focused on a nations capacity to innovate in S&T. Because of its population size, the United States has seen much larger numerical increases in first university NS&E degrees than other countries. China is an exception. It has experienced a huge recent increase in NS&E degree recipients, although there are questions about the quality of some of its graduates. The rising number of Chinese-trained engineers is similarly striking, especially in contrast with declining numbers of U.S. engineering graduates (figure O-49 ).


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Article,Review


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3.7

3.9

4.4

4.8

5.5

12.2


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1997-2002

1998-2003

1999-2004

2000-2004

2001-2005

2002-2006

2003-2007


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

R&D


Dr ramshackle t higginbotham c 1857

Dr. Ramshackle T. Higginbotham(c. 1857)

Scholarly Journals

Research

Learned Societies

Lab Notebook

Conferences

Data


Dr ramshackle t higginbotham c 2007

Dr. Ramshackle T. Higginbotham(c. 2007)

Digital Research

RSS Feeds

Wikis

Scholarly

Institutional Repositories

Lab eNotebook

Central Repositories

Podcasts

Complex

Datasets

Global Conferences

Blogs


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

  • Publishing-- on JZUS-B

  • 2

  • 3

  • 4 ()


Internationalization digitalization of academic journals http www zju edu cn jzus

Internationalization & Digitalization of Academic Journals----&http://www.zju.edu.cn/jzus

() JZUS (A&B) developed rapidly in technologic specialties :

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIECEN A(Applied Physics & Engineering)

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIECEN B (Biomedicine & Biotechnology)

(2) International Editorial Board & International Peer Review System

(more 4600 referees from almost 55 countries and areas)

Internet

(3) The geographic representation (40%

(4)From 2004, with DOI, Internet linkage and its active effects (PubMed,

PMC, INSPEC, ZR, Ei, etc) and since 2006, International Cooperation with Springer (SpringerLink)

CrossRef DOI

(5) Acceptance by international databases more 28(SCI-E, Ei, Medline SCI etc,, and PMC, only one from China)

Ei, Medline 2007 A,B SCI-E ,PMC

(6) JZUS citation frequency increased rapidly since 2004 by digital and online-first implement (about 50 cited times/ a month )

200450


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

  • Online editorial management & peer review system


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

Using DOI, JZUS(A&B) link to ISI Web, Ei, PubMed, Princeton Uni Library


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

JZUS(A&B) on the SpringerLink


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  • Online-First & SpringerLink Impact

This paper was online-first on SpringerLink, and then fast linked to E-LIS by which, it attracted many eyes ( readers )from US, Germany, UK, Canada, Italy etc.during more 20 days


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

  • Realization ofForward Linking

    by Web of Science


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DOI,CrossRef Month Report for Publisher: Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE (A&B)-Top 10 DOI


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Journal

Volume

Issue

Title

doi

Downloads

JZUS-A

8

9

Lovastatin production by Aspergillus terreus in solid-state fermentation

10.1631/jzus.2007.A1521

62

JZUS-B

9

3

Phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted soils and water: Progresses and perspectives

10.1631/jzus.B0710633

46

JZUS-A

8

2

Experimental adsorption equilibrium study and comparison of zeolite with water and ethanol for cooling systems

10.1631/jzus.2007.A0216

42

JZUS-B

8

10

Bioconversion of low quality lignocellulosic agricultural waste into edible protein by Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Singer

10.1631/jzus.2007.B0745

41

JZUS-B

9

1

Keratinase production and keratin degradation by a mutant strain of Bacillus subtilis

10.1631/jzus.B061620

40

JZUS-A

9

5

Utilization of fly ash from coal-fired power plants in China

10.1631/jzus.A072163

37

JZUS-A

8

3

Simulation and reliability analysis of shunt active power filter based on instantaneous reactive power theory

10.1631/jzus.2007.A0416

37

JZUS-A

8

7

Single gate optimization for plastic injection mold

10.1631/jzus.2007.A1077

36

JZUS-B

9

2

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of different parts of Tribulus terrestris L. growing in Iraq

10.1631/jzus.B0720251

35

JZUS-A

9

5

Research on ethanol synthesis from syngas

10.1631/jzus.A071417

35

CrossRef Report for Publisher: Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE (A&B) January-June, 2008

Top 10 downloaded articles of Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE (A&B) via CrossRef (DOI), June 2008


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1167

1167

Cited times

Cited times

Year

Year

Fig.1 JZUS (A&B) annual and total SCI cited records 2004DOI

Fig.2 SCI cited annual records of JZUS (A&B) articles

Cited times

73%

83%

Date

Fig.3 Comparative records between author self-citation and non-self-citation

Fig.4 Monthly SCI citation records of JZUS (A&B) in Jan- July, 2008 20081-750/

2008/07/31 analysis on uptrend JZUS (A&B) SCI citation records and DOI resolutions

(Source: ISI Web of Science and CrossRef)

2000-2004 20

2004(PMC), DOIJZUS(A&B)


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IBM Google(NPG)IBMs Many Eyes Googles GapminderMetawebs FreebaseCSAs IllustrataSwivel preview


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

JZUS(A&B)

CrossCheck/iPlagiarism

What is CrossCheck?CrossCheck powered by iThenticate is a new initiative from CrossRef to help the scholarly publishers verify the originality of submitted manuscripts. The need of a plagiarism tool was identified as a top priority by CrossRef members in 2006 and as a result CrossRef researched the best plagiarism tools on the market to provide a solution for the CrossRef members. CrossCheck is really two products, a database of scholarly publications and a web-based tool to check an authored work against that database. The web-based tool can be used in the editorial process to identify matching text but it can not, on its own, identify plagiarism. A human has to look at the matching text and use their best judgment to identify if plagiarism has occurred or not.

PLAGIARISM

* Narayanan Kulathuramaiyer and Hermann Maurer discuss the growing problem of plagiarism -- why it matters, and what can be done about it.

Narayanan et al.

*2008422Elsevier

  • plagiarism


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

Polymorphisms of MTHFR C677T and MTRR A66G as maternal risk factor for Down syndrome in China

Abstract: Down syndrome is a complex genetic and metabolic disorder attributed to the presence of three copies of chromosome 21. The extra chromosome derives from the mother in 93% of cases and is due to abnormal chromosome segregation during meiosis (nondisjunction). Except for advanced age at conception, maternal risk factors for meiotic nondisjunction are not well established. A recent preliminary study suggested that abnormal folate metabolism and the 677CT polymorphism in the

methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene may be maternal risk factors for Down syndrome. The present study was undertaken in China to determine whether the MTHFR 677CT polymorphism was associated with increased risk of having a child with Down syndrome in yellows population. Methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) is another enzyme essential for normal folate metabolism. A common polymorphism in this gene was recently associated with increased risk of neural tube defects and might also contribute to increased risk for Down syndrome. The frequencies of the MTHFR 677CT and MTRR 66AG mutations were evaluated in DNA samples from 64 mothers of children with Down syndrome and 70 control mothers. Odds ratios were calculated for each genotype separately and for potential gene-gene interactions. The results show that the MTHFR 677CT polymorphism is more prevalent among mothers of children with Down syndrome than among control mothers, with an odds ratio of 3.78 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78-8.47). In addition, the homozygous MTRR 66AG polymorphism was independently associated with a 5.2- fold increase in estimated risk (95% CI 1.90-14.22). The combined presence of both polymorphisms was associated with a greater risk of Down syndrome than was the presence of either alone, with an odds ratio of 6.0 (95% CI 2.058-17.496). The two polymorphisms appear to act without a multiplicative interaction.

Key words: tetrahydrofllate dehydrogenase, ligases, Down syndrome, folate, China __________________________________________________________________________________

Polymorphisms in genes involved in folate metabolism as maternal risk factors for Down syndrome in China*

Abstract: To explore the relationship between genetic polymorphisms in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), the central enzymes in folate metabolism that affects DNA methylation and synthesis, and the risk of Down syndrome in China. Methods: Genomic DNA was isolated from the peripheral lymphocytes of 64 mothers of children with Down syndrome and 70 age matched control subjects. Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism were used to examine the polymorphisms of MTHFR 677CT, MTRR 66AG and the relationshipbetween these genotypes and the risk of Down syndrome was analyzed. Results: The results show that the MTHFR 677CTpolymorphism is more prevalent among mothers of children with Down syndrome than among control mothers, with an odds ratioof 3.78 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.78~8.47). In addition, the homozygous MTRR 66AG polymorphism was independently associated with a 5.2-fold increase in estimated risk (95% CI, 1.90~14.22). The combined presence of both polymorphisms was associated with a greater risk of Down syndrome than the presence of either alone, with an odds ratio of 6.0 (95% CI, 2.058~17.496). The two polymorphisms appear to act without a multiplicative interaction. Conclusion: MTHFR and MTRR gene mutation alleles are related to Down syndrome, and CT, TT and GG gene mutation types increase the risk of Down syndrome.

Key words: Tetrahydrofllate dehydrogenase, Ligases, Down syndrome, Folate


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

  • 1.

  • 2.

  • Managing editor,

  • Journal of Zhejiang Univeristy SCIENCE (A&B)

  • http://www.zju.edu.cn [email protected]


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

http://www.zju.edu.cn/jzus/information.htm "How to write good paper

*Source from Dr. Yaoqi Zhou

Indiana University School of Informatics, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis

2 2

2 3

3 4

5 ? 6

7 7

/7 8

8 8

10 10

10 11

11 11


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1.

Samples for the 2-dimensional projection of kinetic trajectories are shown in Figure 7. The coil states are loosely gathered while the native states can form a black cluster with extremely high density in the 2-dimensional projection plane.

The coil states

Kinetic trajectories are projected onto xx and yy variables in Figure 7. This figure shows two populated states. One corresponds to loosely gathered coil states while the other is the native state with a higher density.

Figuretwo statescoil states

The accuracy of the model structures is given by TM-score. In case of a perfect match to the experimental structure, TM-score would be 1.

TM-scorea perfect match to experimental structure

The accuracy of the model structures is measured by TM-score, which is equal to 1 if there is a perfect match to the experimental structure.


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

2.

The smallest URFs (URFA6L), a 207-nucleotide (nt) reading frame overlapping out of phase the NH2-terminal portion of the adenosinetrip hosphatase (ATPase) subinit 6 gene has been identified as the animal equivalent of the recently discovered yeast H+-ATPase subunit 8 gene.

The smallest of the URFs is URFA6L, a 207-nucleotide (nt) reading frame overlapping out of phase the NH2-terminal portion of the adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) subinit 6 Gene; it has been identified as the animal equivalent of the recently discovered yeast H+-ATPase subunit 8 gene.

3.

URFA6L has been identified as the animal equivalent of the recently discovered yeast H+-ATPase subunit 8 gene.

Recently discovered yeast H+-ATPase subunit 8 gene has a corresponding animal equivalent gene URFA6L.

The enthalpy of hydrogen bond formation between the nucleoside bases 2-deoxyguanosine (dG) and 2-deoxycytidine (dC) has been determined by direct measurement.

direct measurement

We have directly measured the enthalpy of hydrogen bond formation between the nucleoside bases 2-deoxyguanosine (dG) and 2-deoxycytidine (dC).


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

The enthalpy of hydrogen bond formation between the nucleoside bases 2-deoxyguanosine (dG) and 2-deoxycytidine (dC) has been determined by direct measurement. dG and dC were derivatized at the 5 and 3 hydroxyls with triisopropylsilyl groups to obtain solubility of the nucleosides in non-aqueous solvents and to prevent the ribose hydroxyls from forming hydrogen bonds. From isoperibolic titration measurements, the enthalpy of dC:dG base pair formation is -6.650.32 kcal/mol.

(enthalpy)

We have directly measured the enthalpy of hydrogen bond formation between the nucleoside bases 2-deoxyguanosine (dG) and 2-deoxycytidine (dC). dG and dC were derivatized at the 5 and 3 hydroxyls with triisopropylsilyl groups; these groups serve both to solubilize the nucleosides in non-aqueous solvents and to prevent the ribose hydroxyls from forming hydrogen bonds. The enthalpy of dC:dG base pair formation is -6.650.32 kcal/mol according to isoperibolic titration measurements,


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

1 dGdC2

Large earthquakes along a given fault segment do not occur at random intervals because it takes time to accumulate the strain energy for the rupture. The rates at which tectonic plates move and accumulate strain at their boundaries are approximately uniform. Therefore, in first approximation, one may expect that large ruptures of the same fault segment will occur at approximately constant time intervals. If subsequent main shocks have different amounts of slip across the fault, then the recurrence time may vary, and the basic idea of periodic main shocks must be modified.

Rate Of Strain Accumulation)

Large earthquakes along a given fault segment do not occur at random intervals because it takes time to accumulate the strain energy for the rupture. The rates of strain accumulation at the boundaries of tectonic plates are approximately uniform. Therefore, nearly constant time intervals (at first approximation) would be expected between large ruptures of the same fault segment. [However?], the recurrence time may vary; the basic idea of periodic main shocks may need to be modified if subsequent main shocks have different amounts of slip across the fault.

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Part 1 of a reviewers evaluation report for JZUS-Bs article


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Part 2 of a reviewers evaluation report for JZUS-Bs article


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Steric restrictions in protein folding: an alpha-helix cannot be followed by a contiguous beta-strand Interpreting the folding kinetics of helical proteins Native proteins are surface-molten solids: Application of the Lindemann criterion for the solid versus liquid state Native proteins are surface-molten solids

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One question about the complex homopolymer phase diagram presented here is whether it is caused by the discontinuous feature of the square-well potential. We cannot give a direct answer because the DMD simulation is required to obtain well-converged results for the thermodynamics. However, the critical phenomena predicted for a fluid composed of particles interacting with a square-well potential are as realistic as those predicted for a fluid composed of particles interacting with a LJ potential. Also an analogous complex phase diagram is found in simulations of LJ clusters. The present results for square-well homopolymers may well be found in more realistic homopolymer models and even in real polymers.


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

)

How to make an objective assignment of secondary structures based on a protein structure is an unsolved problem. Defining the boundaries between helix, sheet, and coil structures is arbitrary, and commonly accepted standard assignments do not exist. Here, we propose a criterion that assesses secondary-structure assignment based on the similarity of the secondary structures assigned to structurally aligned residues in sequence-alignment benchmarks. This criterion is used to rank six secondary-structure assignment methods: STRIDE, DSSP, SECSTR, KAKSI, P-SEA, and SEGNO with three established sequence-alignment benchmarks (PREFAB, SABmark and SALIGN). STRIDE and KAKSI achieve comparable success rates in assigning the same secondary structure elements to structurally aligned residues in the three benchmarks.

Their success rates are between 1-4% higher than those of the other four methods. The consensus of STRIDE, KAKSI, SECSTR, and P-SEA, called SKSP, improves assignments over the best single method in each benchmark by an additional 1%. These results support the usefulness of the sequence alignment benchmarks as the benchmarks for secondary structure assignment.


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

ExcitingRemarkable ExcitingRemarkable


How to edit scientific papers e c dec 2007

HOW TO EDIT SCIENTIFIC PAPERS E.C.Dec. 2007

I. Modern concepts

II. Logic issues

III. Guidelines for writing a scientific paper

(Appendix: Editorial Standards)

1


I modern concepts

I. Modern concepts

  • 1. Styles

  • 2. Use We

  • 3. Avoid vague IT, THIS, and THAT

  • 4. Avoid long sentence

  • 5. Write a strong sentence core

  • 6. Avoid dangling modifiers or participles

  • 7. One message per paragraph

    2


1 styles

1. Styles

  • BOGBusiness or Government style, the more traditional style

  • CLEAR-Clear Easy Reading, the more modern style

    3


2 use we

2.Use We

(From Science)

  • In this report, we define a mechanism for and discover distinct roles forWe use assays to We demonstrate that We provide evidence that this switch and

    6


4 avoid long sentence

4. Avoid long sentence

  • Old style: It is possible that they will adopt the program. (9 words)

  • New style: They may adopt the program. (5 words)

    11


4 avoid long sentence cont

4. Avoid long sentence (Cont.)

  • Old style: It is necessary that a re-evaluation of the system be carried out.

  • New style: We have to re-evaluate the system.

    12


A sentence is so lengthy that it looses a predicate s 2007 k 20

A sentence is so lengthy that it looses a predicate (s) (2007-k-20)

  • One idea to enhance the importance and reliability of these results, in such designswhere the distributions of the data may deviate from normality, to apply log-transformation of the original data (Altman and Bland, 1995) or to use various other alternatives such as paired comparisons, non-parametric tests or more complex analysis-of-variance models for other possible interactions that may have caused the higher variability to be taken into account (e.g., weight on day 19 after injection as a random individual-subject effect). (80 words)12


Break down the sentence

Break down the sentence

There is one idea that can enhance the importance and reliability of these results. Generally, in such designs the distributions of the data may deviate from normality. Therefore, to apply log-transformation of the original data (Altman and Bland, 1995) may reduce the deviation.

14


Ii logic issues

II.Logic issues

  • Flow

  • Coherence

  • Clarity

  • Redundancy


1 logic flow

1. Logic flow

Sager and Clive (2006) compared three wireless communication protocols: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and ZigBee work at the similar RF frequencies, and their applications sometimes overlapped. In this study, we chose five main factors of greenhouse networks to compare: cost, data rate, number of nodes, current consumption and battery life.


Problem the logic is not flowing

Problem: The logic is not flowing.

  • They compared protocols

  • We compare five factors

    • Whats the connection?


Edited

Edited:

  • Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and ZigBee work at the similar RF frequencies, and their applications sometimes overlap (Sager and Clive, 2006).Therefore, in the current study we chose five main factors of greenhouse networks to compare: cost, data rate, number of nodes, current consumption and battery life.


Flowing direction

Flowing direction

(Unedited)

Although further studies are needed to validate our approach could be used as a screen means for


Analysis

Analysis

Problem:

The direction from emphasizing the achievement to admitting a problem should be followed.


Edited1

Edited

Our approachcould be used as a screen means for ... Further studies, however, may be needed to validate


Use transitional words to promote logic flow

Use transitional words to promote logic flow

  • Also, and, again, further, furthermore

  • First, then, second, next, lastly

  • Soon, after, previously, meanwhile

  • But, yet, still, instead,

  • In short, in other words,

  • Similarly, consequently, accordingly


2 coherence

2. Coherence

  • Parallelism

  • Cause/effect

  • Modifier position

  • Connection


2 1 parallelism verb

2.1 Parallelism (verb)

  • (Incorrect) She swims, plays basketball, and was running bicycles.

  • (Correct) She swims, plays basketball, and runs bicycles.


2 2 parallelism subject

2.2 Parallelism (subject)

(Incorrect)

  • The ignition was tested, an examination of the belts was carried out, and the levels of the lubricants were checked.


Correction

Correction

  • The ignition was tested, the belts were examined, and the lubricant levels were checked.


2 2 cause effect

2.2 Cause/effect

  • Neurons are situated adjacent to the third ventricle, for they can directly respond to peripheral signals

  • Problem: Does the location cause the direct response or vise versa?


Edited2

Edited

  • Neurons are situated adjacent tothe third ventricle, so they can directly respond to peripheral signals


2 3 modifier position

2.3 Modifier position

(unedited)

  • These results suggest that expression of NPY in the hypothalamus has a type-dependent pattern in the domestic chicken.


Edited3

Edited

  • These results suggest the expression of NPY in the hypothalamus in domestic chickens has a type-dependent pattern.


2 4 connection

2.4 Connection

  • Incorrect:She has a fever, and she probably has an infection.

  • Correct:She has a fever; she probably has an infection.


3 clarity

3. Clarity

  • Ambiguous pronoun

  • Vagueness


3 1 ambiguous pronouns

3.1 Ambiguous pronouns

  • Unedited: In the studies, they reportedthat the mRNA levels of these genes were low.

  • Edited: These studies reported that the mRNA levels of these genes were low.


3 2 vagueness

3.2 Vagueness

  • (Unedited) NPY administration into PVN significantly increases searching behaviors for food in rats.

  • (Edited) NPY administrated into PVN significantly increases rats searching behaviors for food.


4 redundancy example 1

4. Redundancy (Example 1)

  • (Unedited)These differences, however, grew smaller and smaller, and they finally faded out after stimulation for about 3.0 min.

  • (Edited)These differences, however, grew smaller and smaller and finally faded out after stimulation for about 3.0 min.


Example 2

Example 2

  • (Unedited) A method to evaluate the elastic and plastic areas, rather than to assume subjectively was proposed.

  • (Edited) A method to evaluate the elastic and plastic areas was proposed.


Example 3

Example 3

  • (Unedited) It should be mentioned that all the results were expressed on a dry weight basis in this study.

  • (Edited) All the results were expressed on a dry weight basis in this study.


Example 4

Example 4

  • (Unedited) The result agrees with very well, indicating that the first assumption can be considered reasonable in some sense.

  • (Edited) The result agrees with very well, indicating that the first assumption may be reasonable.


Wording redundancy examples

Wording redundancyexamples

  • The treatment by CPA

    The CPA treatment

  • May probably

    May

  • Real time RT-PCR

    RT-PCR


Editing examples 2007 477

Editing examples (2007-477)

  • (Unedited) When Peyer patch may stimulate the immature B- lymphocyte to differentiate plasma cells and secrete more SigA. Meanwhile apoptosis will occur to more B-lymphocytes. At the early stage of disease, it will play a role of compensational secretion of SigA


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

(Cont.)

  • and later may cause excessive apoptosis of B-lymphocytes, resulting in and finally lead to the injury of intestinal immune barrier causing the translocation of initiate SIRS and cause MODS.


Problems

Problems

  • Does it mean Peyers patches or apoptosis?

  • A lack of a series of coordinators to promote the logic flow

  • Parallelism


Edited4

Edited

  • When Peyerspatches may stimulate the immature B lymphocyte to differentiate plasma cells and secrete more sIgA.Meanwhile, apoptosis will occur to more B-lymphocytes, which at the early stage of diseasewill play a role of compensational secretion of sIgA.


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

(Cont.)

  • Later, this may cause excessive apoptosis of B-lymphocytes, resulting inFinally, this maylead to the injury of intestinal immune barrier, causing translocation of andinitiations of SIRS and MODS.


Iii guidelines for writing a scientific paper

III.Guidelines for writing a scientific paper

  • Organization

  • Grammar issues

  • Editorial notes

    1


Abstract

ABSTRACT

  • Background, objectives, methods, results, and conclusion

  • Common problems:

    Lengthy

    Results are not included in the paper

    2


Example science p 503 volume 311 issue 5760

Example (Science, p 503, volume 311, issue 5760)

  • We report the observation of Beyond a critical polarization, the gas separates into a The critical polarization diminishes with We measured These results are relevant to predictions

    3


Key words

Key Words

  • No capital first letter

  • Use comma (not semi-colon)

  • No period at the end

    Example:

    • Key Words: hepatocyte, cytotoxicity, X-ray microanalysis

      4


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

  • Background

  • Gap

  • Objectives

  • Scheme

  • Results

    5


Introducing the background examples

Introducing the background (Examples)

  • Fermion pairing is the essential ingredient in the

  • The term angiogenesis is generally applied to the growth

  • Much attention in the field of cell biology has been focused on 6


Stating the gap examples

Stating the gap (Examples)

  • The mechanism through which is presently unknown.

  • Thus, solid evidence has been missing

    Additionally, it is not known whether

  • Despite , none have been shown to account forThus, there is a need for

    7


Reporting what to do or was done examples

Reporting what to do or was done (Examples)

  • The main purpose of this review is to

  • In this chapter, we focus on , and we briefly summarize

  • In this review, we focus on We describe. We begin by

  • In this article, we first provide and then detail the 8


Materials and methods

Materials and methods

  • Sources

  • Subjects/patients

  • Ethical issues

  • Detailing

    9


Equipment use a

Equipment: Use a

  • Images were captured by use of a Sonny-3-CCD video camera and

  • Elution profiles were monitored at 280 nm and recorded with an image-recorder chart tracing system

    10


Informed content and approval examples

Informed content and approval (Examples)

  • Informed content was obtained from each subject. The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Ethical Committee.

  • Written consent was obtained from all subjects, and the study was approved by the local ethics committee.

    11


Results

RESULTS

  • Time sequential order

  • Logic sequential order

  • By categories

    12


Discussion

DISCUSSION

  • Comparing with others results

  • Exploring the mechanisms

  • Revealing the meanings

    13


Conclusion

CONCLUSION

  • Summarizing the major findings

  • Stating applications

  • Mentioning the limits

    14


Examples

Examples

  • In summary, we reported that

  • In summary, we have identified thatThe results demonstrate

  • Prospective studies are needed to determine whether...

    15


Verb tenses

VERB TENSES

  • General/natural: The present indefinite

  • Specific findings: The past indefinite

    Fixed (The present indefinite):

    • Figure 1 shows

    • The results are presented in Table 1.

    • Our results show

      16


Examples1

Examples

  • Our current study demonstrates that there are at least three different sized MED220 transcripts in TtT-97 thyrotrope cells, whereas Western blots detected a single nuclear protein of about 165 kDa, consistent with the full-length product of 1560 amino acids.

    17


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

(Cont.)

  • We were able to detect a transcript of 8 kDa, which is of sufficient size to encode the full-length protein of 1560 residues in mice, as has previously been reported (12, 13)

    18


Conventions

Conventions

1. The position of proverb

  • Incorrect:It will be automatically absorbed

  • Correct: It will automatically be absorbed

    2. Adjective or adverb?

  • Incorrect: Three continuous days

  • Correct: Continuously three days 19


The position of only

The position of Only

  • As an adjective (in most cases)

    • Incorrect:The procedure only takes three hours

    • Correct:The procedure takes only three hours. (or: three hours only)

  • As an adverb (in rare cases)

    • We only rent cars, but do not sell them.20


The positions of some coordinators

The positions of some coordinators

  • However, hence, consequently, therefore, moreover, namely, nevertheless, etc.

    • Incorrect: Access to the area is difficult, however a new road is being built.

    • Correct: Access to the area is difficulty; however, a new road is being built.

      21


Editorial standards

Editorial standards

Which is correct?

  • 9 pages or nine pages

  • ten pages or 10 pages

  • two mg or 2 mg

  • There are 11 people and one car.

    Or: There are 11 people and 1 car.

  • 30 patients were included.

    Or: Thirty patients were included. 22


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

1.

2.

3. )

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

ExcitingRemarkable ExcitingRemarkable


Helen zhang a b managing editer of jzus a b

Thanks for your attention


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