Mental health of 1 st graders
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Mental health of 1 st graders. Social Skills Rating System ( Gresham & Elliott 1990) Problems rated from 1 (never) to 4 (very often) Four outcomes Learning problems difficulties with attentiveness, task persistence, and flexibility Externalizing problems

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Mental health of 1 st graders

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Mental health of 1 st graders

Mental health of 1st graders

  • Social Skills Rating System (Gresham & Elliott 1990)

  • Problems rated from 1 (never) to 4 (very often)

  • Four outcomes

    • Learning problems

      • difficulties with attentiveness, task persistence, and flexibility

    • Externalizing problems

      • how often the child argues, fights, disturbs activities, and acts impulsively

    • Interpersonal problems

      • difficulties in forming friendships, dealing with others, expressing feelings, and showing sensitivity

    • Internalizing problems

      • anxiety, loneliness, low self-esteem, sadness


Five explanatory variables

Five explanatory variables

  • Lack of classroom resources

    • always (1), usually (2), sometimes (3), never (4) adequate

  • Low respect from colleagues

    • strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5)

  • Low standards at the school

    • strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5)

  • Interference from paperwork and behavior

    • strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (5

  • Students reading below grade level

    • number of students


Results milkie warner 2011

Results (Milkie & Warner, 2011)


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Learning problems

    • The impact of lack of resources and low respect from colleagues were each as great at the impact of socio-economic status (SES), as was the impact of having five students reading below grade level

  • Externalizing problems

    • Lack of resources, low respect, low standards, and interference each had an impact around half that of SES

  • Interpersonal problems

    • Lack of resources, low respect, and interference each had an impact around from one-third to two-thirds that of SES

  • Internalizing problems

    • Lack of resources had around twice, and low esteemfrom colleagues around half, the impact of SES


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