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English Grammar. Disjunctive Questions. ☆ forms ☆ tag questions ☆ application ☆ practice. 附加疑问句. two forms: affirmative declarative sentence, tag question? 陈肯 + 否问 negative declarative sentence, tag question? 陈否 + 肯问. (1) 附问 v. 用与陈部 v. 相应的助 v./ 情 v./ 系 v.( 不可用实义 v.), 且须时态一致

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Disjunctive questions
Disjunctive Questions

☆ forms

☆ tag questions

☆ application

☆ practice


two forms:

affirmative declarative sentence, tag question?陈肯+否问

negative declarative sentence, tag question?陈否+肯问

(1) 附问v.用与陈部v.相应的助v./情v./


(2) 附问S.须用相应pron.(不可用n.)

(3) 陈否肯问句中答语 yes/no 反译

--You didn’t go there, did you?

--Yes, I did. (No, I didn’t.) 不,我去了 (是的,我没去)

1 陈主为指示pron.

this / that 或 these / those 时,

疑主分别用 it / they.

This is an English book, isn’t it?

These are not English books, are they?

2 陈主为指物复合不定pron. everything / nothing /

something / anything 时,


Everything is ready, isn’t it?

3 陈主为指人复合不定pron. everybody / anybody / somebody everyone / anyone / someone nobody / no one, 疑主用they或he.

Everybody knows it, don’t they? / doesn’t he?

4 陈主为不定式,动名词或从句时, 疑主用it.

Seeing is believing, isn’t it?

Where to hold the meeting hasn’t been decided, has it?

What he said is true, isn’t it?

5陈部为复合句, 附问与主句一致;

Today’s weather isn’t as cold as it was yesterday, is it?

Kate told you that she would go there, didn’t she?

He didn’t say he’d come, did he?

主句为 I(we)be sure /afraid, …

或 I(we)think /suppose /believe

imagine /suspect /consider that…,


*陈部为I(we) don’t think …that…,


I think that he has done his best, hasn’t he?

② I believe you are not in trouble, are you?

① I don’t think that you can do it, can you?

② We don’t believe it is true, is it?

didn’t they

They said that you had finished your work, __________?

You think he is funny, ________?

He didn’t think it was true, ______?

don’t you

did he

6 陈主为one时,


One shouldn’t be selfish, should one? / should you?



﹡never, hardly, seldom, scarcely, rarely, few, little, nobody, nothing…

﹡dislike, disagree, unsuccessful, unkind…

You have never seen her before, have you?

Few teachers came, did they?

We’ve got nothing, have we?

She was unhappy, wasn’t she?

He disagreed, didn’t he?

It is unfair, isn't it?

8 陈部为 I’m… 时, 疑部用 aren’t /ain’t I

I’m wrong again, aren’t I?

I’m younger than you, aren’t I?

9 陈部含 have/has/had (所有)时, 疑部可用have形, 也可用do形.

You have a brother, don’t you? / haven’t you?

She hasn’t any English books, has she? / does she?


﹡Let us… will you? ﹡Let’s … shall we?

﹡Let me… shall I /will you?

﹡其它形式, 疑部用will you?

(偶用won’t you或would you)




变异: 句首为一呼语, 后接二人称代词

引导一一现陈述句, 反问用will you.

Mike, you take all these tables out of the next room, will you? 

Mary, you feed the bird today, will you?

Let me have a try, shall I /will you?

Let us stop to rest, will you?

Let’s go home together, shall we?

Please Come to my office, will you?

Don’t open the door, will you?

Do sit down, will you /won’t you?

11 陈部为I wish

征询对方意见, 疑部用may I ?

I wish to go to the party, may I?

12 陈部有had better,

would rather, would like to等时,

疑部用 had, would.

You’d better set off at once, hadn’t you?

You’d like to go to the party, wouldn’t you?

13 陈部有ought to时,

疑部用oughtn’t 或shouldn’t.

He ought to take care of the child, oughtn’t he? / shouldn’t he?

14 陈部有used to时,

疑部用use(d)n’t 或 didn’t.

Your mother used to sit on this chair, use(d)n’t she?

/didn’t she?

He didn’t use/usedn’t to tell lies, did he?

15陈部有 must,



﹡“一定、想必”,疑部不用must, 据must后v.及其含义用相应形式.


We must finish the work before dark, mustn’t we?

You must go and have a look, needn’t you?

You must be very tired, aren’t you?

You must have seen the film, haven’t you?

You must have seen the film last week, didn’t you?

You must have known him before you wrote to him, hadn't you?

didn’t it

It must have snowed last night, ________?

The old man must be our headmaster, ________?

Mary must have finished reading the novel now, ________?

isn’t he

hasn’t she

陈部有mustn’t “禁止”,

疑部用must, 有时用may.

You mustn’t walk on grass, must you?


--I’m sure you shan’t find a single mistake in the book.

--Oh, I won’t, ____ I ?

A will B shall

C won’t D shan’t


17 陈部为 there/here be 句型,

疑部用 there/here.

There is a ball on the table, isn't there?

Here is a story about Mark Twain, isn’t here?

18 陈部为并列句,疑部与相邻


Mary has been doing her homework all the morning, but she should be finished doing it, shouldn't she?

19 感叹句反问用否定式,

且用 be 的一般现在时。

What a lovely day, isn't it?

20 陈主由 neither…nor…



Neither English nor French is easy to learn, are they?

Either she or he is good at English, aren’t they?

21 陈主为None of +[U]→it;

为None of + [C]→相应复数pron.

None of the food is good to eat, is it?

None of the students can reach the top of the hill, can they?

22 陈主为

each of + [C] →集体用复pron.


Each of the students can reach the top of the hill, can’t they? /can’t he?


for your attention


1 I think they will go to town tomorrow, _____?

A do I B don’t I

C will they D won’t they


2 I don’t believe he can catch up with me, _____?

A can he B can’t he

C do I D don’t I


3 I’m sure that I will be well again, _____?

A am I B aren’t I

C will I D won’t I


4 They don’t believe you are wrong, _____?

A are you B aren’t you

C do they D don’t they


5 We told you that he would come tonight, _______?

A didn’t we B did we

C would he D wouldn’t he


6 The reporter said the news was not true, _________?

A wasn’t it B didn’t he

C did he D was it


7 Your brother has lunch at home, ______?

A hasn’t he B doesn’t he

C has he D does he


8 John has to get up early, ______?

A has he B hasn’t he

C does he D doesn’t he


9 She has got to get everything ready, _____?

A hasn’t she B has she

C doesn’t she D does she


10 She has never been to China, _____?

A has she B hasn’t she

C doesn’t she D does she


11 She had better tell you the news right now, ____?

A had she B hadn’t she

C did she D didn’t she


12 They would rather not have done that last week,____?

A would they B wouldn’t they

C have they D haven’t they


13 I’d rather stay here for a rest, _____?

A did I B would I

C didn’t I D wouldn’t I


14 You ought to do it again,


A ought you B oughtn’t you

C do you D don’t you


15 You must do that again,


A mustn’t you B needn’t you

C do you D don’t you


16 He must wait here, ______?

A mustn’t he B doesn’t he

C shouldn’t he D does he


17 He must be a good worker,


A mustn’t he B needn’t he

C isn’t he D doesn’t he


18 They used to be good friends,


A usedn’t they B didn’t they

C used they D both A and B


19 He must have been to China twice, _____?

A hasn’t he B didn’t he

C wasn’t he D mustn’t he


20 He must have been ill last week, ____?

A hasn’t he B didn’t he

C wasn’t he D mustn’t he


21 He must have known you during the war, ____?

A hasn’t he B didn’t he

C wasn’t he D mustn’t he


22 He must have known the result already, _____?

A hasn’t he B didn’t he

C wasn’t he D mustn’t he


23 There used to be a temple here, _____?

A didn’t there B did there

C used there D was there

24 —The new windows need washing.     —Well, let’s wash them together, ____?

A shall we    B will you     

C should we         D would you



25 What beautiful flowers, ___?

A aren’t they

B are they                 

C isn’t it        D is it


26 Alice, you have a little more chicken, ______?

A haven’t you B don’t you

C will you D do you


27 Hi! Alice, you have bought a little chicken, ______?

A haven’t you B won’t you

C will you D have you


28 You two had breakfast just now, _______?

A hadn’t you B didn’t you

C had you D did you


29 You two had finished the breakfast, _______?

A hadn’t you B didn’t you

C did you D had you


30 Neither you nor I was invited to the party, ________?

A were we B weren’t we

C was I D were you


31 Either he or she is to clean the window, _____?

A are they B aren’t they

C isn’t he D isn’t she

32 It is Jiao Yulu who turned Lankao into a rich district, _______?

A is it B isn’t it

C did he D didn’t he


A _______?

33 It was you who never made such mistakes, ________?

A wasn’t it B weren’t you

C did you D didn’t you

A _______?

34 The little child dared not climb the tree, ______?

A dared he B did he

C was he D does he

C _______?

35 What he said is not wrong, __________?

A didn’t he B did he

C is it D isn’t it

36 That his parents were ill made him a little worried, _________?

A weren’t they B were they

C didn’t it D wasn’t it


B _________?

37 He dislikes what you have said, ________?

A does he B doesn’t he

C have you D haven’t you

B _________?

38 You want help, money or anything, let me know, ____ you?

A don’t B will

C shall D do

39 Mrs. Black doesn’t believe her son is able to design a digital camera, ____?

A is he B isn’t he

C doesn’t she D does she


40 Brian told you that there wasn’t anyone in the room at that time, _______?

A was there B wasn’t there

C didn’t he D did he


C that time, _______?

41 I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer, _____?

A do I B don’t I

C will they D won’t they

42 The news that they failed their driving test discouraged him, _______?

A did they B didn’t they

C did it D didn’t it


B him, _______?

43 -- Alice, you feed the bird today, ____?

-- But I fed it yesterday.

A do you B will you

C didn’t you D don’t you

C him, _______?

44 I am afraid that he will not come, _______?

A am I B aren’t I

C will he D won’t he

A him, _______?

45 He thought you were in Beijing, ________?

A didn’t he B did he

C weren’t you D were you

46 They suggested that he should go to work at once, ______?

A did they B didn’t they

C should he D shouldn’t he



47 There is little we can do about it, ____?

A is there   B can’t we    

C isn’t there      D can we

48 ----The problem wasn’t difficult for him, was it ?  ----____. He should have been given a more difficult one.

A No, it was  B Yes, it was   

C Yes, it wasn’t   D No, it wasn’t


49 I don’t think he could have done such a stupid thing last night, ____?A do I           B could he        

C did he       D has he


50 Frank is working late again. This is the first time this week he’s had to study late, ____?A isn’t he       B hasn’t it      

C hasn’t he      D isn’t it


51 ---Daddy’s forgot to post the letter again, ____ he? week he’s had to study late, ____?  ---I’m afraid he ____. A has; has        B isn’t; is       

C hasn’t; has    D has; hasn’t


D week he’s had to study late, ____?

52 If you don’t go, _____. A so do I  B so will I         

C nor do I       D neither shall I

A week he’s had to study late, ____?

53 It was Mr. Smith that you met at the meeting, ______?A wasn’t it    B was it        

C did you       D didn’t you

B week he’s had to study late, ____?

54 Listen! His family must be quarreling, _____?A mustn’t it  B aren’t they 

C isn’t it  D needn’t they

C week he’s had to study late, ____?

55 ---Jenny doesn’t think that Robert is honest, _____?   ---I’m afraid not.A is he        B isn’t he        

C does she         D doesn’t she

Thanks week he’s had to study late, ____?

for your attention

  • Keys: week he’s had to study late, ____?

    1-5 DADCA 6-10 BBDAA

    11-15 BADBB 16-20 ACDAC

    21-25 BAAAA 26-30 CABAA

    31-35 BBAAC 36-40 CBBDC

    41-45 CDBCA 46-50 BADCD

    51-55 CDABC