ICRP AND RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION OF NON-HUMAN SPECIES. Lars-Erik Holm Vice-Chairman of ICRP. ICRP AND THE ENVIRONMENT. ICRP has decided to develop a framework for assessing the radiological impact on non-human species. ICRP AND THE ENVIRONMENT.
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OF NON-HUMAN SPECIES
Vice-Chairman of ICRP
ICRP has decided to
develop a framework
for assessing the
radiological impact on
“The Commission believes that the standards of environmental control needed to protect man to the degree currently thought desirable will ensure that other species are not put at risk.”
(ICRP 60, 1991)
1962 “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson.
an international conference to protect
and improve the human environment.
UN creates UNEP.
1980 World Conservation Strategy (UNEP, IUCN)
Development: “Our Common Future”
- The Brundtland Report defines the concept of SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT and emphasizes the need to preserve BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY.
Development in Rio de Janeiro lays down
general principles for environmental
- the Rio Declaration
- the Convention on Biological Diversity
- the Agenda 21 Programme of Action.
Biological diversity:“the variability among living organisms within within species, between species, and of ecosystems.”
The Rio Declaration: protection of the environment shall be an integral part of the development process and development shall be sustainable.
The Convention on Biological Diversity: important that all organisms contribute to the ecosystem.
Protecting living organisms in terms of ‘nature conservation’:
Environmental management includes
Anthropocentric: Humans are the main thing of moral standing. The environment is of concern only as it affects humans.
Biocentric: Moral standing is extended to individual members of other species, and obligations pertaining to such individuals arise as a consequence.
Ecocentric: Moral standing can be extended to virtually everything in the environment. The focus lies more with the entirety and diversity of the ecosystem rather than the moral significance of each and every individual component of it.
WITH ICRP’s STATEMENTS
The Joint Convention on the Management of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste:
THE OSPAR CONVENTIONOslo-Paris Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
PROTECTION OF THE
ENVIRONMENT FROM THE EFFECTS
OF IONIZING RADIATION
Organized by the IAEA
In co-operation with
UNSCEAR, the EC and the IUR
Hosted by the Government of Sweden through the Swedish Radiation Protection Authority
6-10 October 2003
Mailing address & information under: http://www.iaea.org/worldatom/Meetings/2003
OF THE ENVIRONMENT
In the UK, many common species are protected at the individual level:
This reflects changes in attitudes and values.
ICRP’s decision has not been driven by any particular concern over environmental radiation hazards, but by the need to fill a conceptual gap in the system of radiological protection.
The system is achieved in practice by the use of:
For each reference organism obtain data on:
POINTS OF REFERENCE TO DESCRIBE RELEVANCE OF RADIATION DOSES IN NON-HUMAN ORGANISMS
Species Felis domesticus
Variety Siamese, Persian blue
Duck Marine snail
Freshwater fish Grass
Marine flat fish Brown seaweed
Bee Pine tree
> Several times the natural background
Natural background for a reference organism
< Natural background
Environmental radionuclide concentration(s)
Reference Animals and Plants
Derived Consideration Levels
Decision-Making regarding public health and environment for the same environmental situation
CHAIR: R JAN PENTREATH, UK
Protection of the environment
Development and use of Reference Animals and Plants
Ensure compatibility of approach with:
- human radiological protection and
- with other forms of environmental protection