Sample spotting techniques
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Sample spotting techniques. Dried droplet Crushed crystal Thin layer Sandwich. Dried Droplet. Most common method used with all matrices. Premix sample and matrix solution in small vial (500 µL Eppendorf tube), spot 0.5 - 1 µL onto sample plate and air dry.

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Sample spotting techniques

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Sample spotting techniques

Sample spotting techniques

  • Dried droplet

  • Crushed crystal

  • Thin layer

  • Sandwich


Dried droplet

Dried Droplet

  • Most common method used with all matrices.

  • Premix sample and matrix solution in small vial (500 µL Eppendorf tube), spot 0.5 - 1 µL onto sample plate and air dry.

  • For small sample amounts, deposit 0.5 µL on plate, then add 0.5 µL matrix on top; mix and allow to dry.


Crushed crystal method

Crushed Crystal Method

  • Prepare a saturated solution of sinapinic acid (or CHCA) in 30% AcN.

  • Deposit 1 µL of this solution on the sample plate and allow to dry.

  • Crush the crystals formed with a spatula or a foil-wrapped pencil eraser.

  • Add 0.5 - 1 µL of sample in saturated matrix on top of the crystal layer and allow to dry.


Thin layer

Thin Layer

  • Use 10 mg/mL CHCA in acetone. Apply 0.5 µL to plate and dry.

  • Place 0.5 µL sample in 0.1% TFA on top of the matrix layer and allow to dry.

  • If sample is not acidified, 0.5 µL 0.1% TFA can be added to the plate, then the sample.


Sandwich method

Sandwich Method

  • Deposit 0.5 µL matrix(in acetone or methanol) on plate and let dry.

  • Add 0.5 µL sample in 0.1% TFA, then 0.5 µL matrix (in 50% Acn with 0.1% TFA) and dry in air.


Ideal sample concentrations

Ideal Sample Concentrations

  • Peptides and proteins: 0.1 to 10 µM

  • Oligonucleotides: 10 to 100 µM

  • Polymers: 100 µM


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