Therapeutic environments
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Therapeutic Environments. THE THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT OR MILIEU. Physical: Psychological: Structure: Relationships:

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Therapeutic Environments

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Therapeutic environments

Therapeutic Environments


The therapeutic environment or milieu

THE THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT OR MILIEU

  • Physical:

  • Psychological:

    • Structure:

    • Relationships:

      “The one practice that a CYW draws on consistently in their work is that of a therapeutic milieu or environment. An environment that fosters healthy relationship building, routine, consistency and structure is key to working with troubled children and youth.”


The dimensions of the therapeutic environment

THE DIMENSIONS OF THE THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT

  • Relationship Dimension

    • Foundation of work with youth

    • Relationship serves as a means of behavioural intervention

    • Builds assets in youth ( modeling etc.)

    • Direct impact on personal development (opportunity for LSIs, direct counseling etc.)

    • Encouragement is the cornerstone of an effective relationship

    • Encouragement reinforces effort as well as outcome

    • Staff to staff, staff to youth, youth to youth


The dimensions of the therapeutic environment1

THE DIMENSIONS OF THE THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT

  • Personal Development Dimension

    • Encourages potential

    • An environment that supports growth

    • Awareness of and support to meet developmental tasks

    • Goal orientation

    • Strength based approach


The dimensions of the therapeutic environment2

THE DIMENSIONS OF THE THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT

  • System Maintenance and Change Dimension

    • Appearance, order, routine and structure

    • Daily expectations

    • Staff vs. resident control

    • Responsiveness to change

    • Management of client movement – short -term placements

    • The issue of turnover! Burnout and its consequences.

  • The system of discipline

    • Emotional neutrality

    • Encouragement

    • Logical Consequences


  • Discipline within a therapeutic environment

    DISCIPLINE WITHIN A THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT

    • Emotional Neutrality

      • Easier said than done!

      • Depersonalizing behavior

      • Dealing with issues without engaging in power struggles

      • Conscientious effort to control both verbal and nonverbal behaviors when confronted with client misbehavior

      • Helping defuse client anger by forcing staff to depersonalize their interventions

      • Important to remember that client/staff conflict is almost always a lose-lose proposition for staff

      • Choosing your battles wisely!


    Discipline within a therapeutic environment1

    DISCIPLINE WITHIN A THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT

    • Encouragement

      • Encouragement builds relationships, relationships effectively modify behavior.

      • Encouragement builds self worth.

      • Encouragement builds intrinsic motivation ( motivation that comes from within).

      • Encouragement assists in building resiliency.

      • Encouragement reinforces effort as well as success.


    Discipline within a therapeutic environment2

    DISCIPLINE WITHIN A THERAPEUTIC ENVIRONMENT

    • Logical Consequences

      • Behavior is followed by a consequence.

      • Logical consequences accomplish discipline without jeopardizing relationships.

      • Emotional neutrality ensures no judgment or anger involved

      • Logical consequences “make sense”.

      • Categories of consequences:

        • Natural

        • Logical

        • Punishment


    The therapeutic agency

    THE THERAPEUTIC AGENCY

    • If an agency aims toward the development of a therapeutic environment or milieu, it is necessary to:

      • Fully develop a system of logical consequences which address both positive and negative behaviors

      • Eliminate punishment

  • The way in which an agency structures the measures taken to correct misbehavior directly correlates with how therapeutic the environment is for children and youth.


  • This presentation was prepared and has been shared by nancy brown brunton professor cyw program

    This presentation was prepared and has been shared by Nancy Brown Brunton, Professor, CYW Program.


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