Cholesterol the good the bad the ugly
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Cholesterol. The Good the Bad the Ugly. Courtney Barnes Brad Schmidt Mark Nystrom. Introduction. Who we are Why we are here today What cholesterol is How this knowledge affects you. Cholesterol Statistics. Cholesterol Statistics contd.

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Cholesterol the good the bad the ugly

Cholesterol. The Good the Bad the Ugly.

Courtney Barnes

Brad Schmidt

Mark Nystrom


Introduction
Introduction

  • Who we are

  • Why we are here today

  • What cholesterol is

  • How this knowledge affects you



Cholesterol statistics contd
Cholesterol Statistics contd.

  • An estimated 106.9 million American adults have total blood cholesterol levels of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) and higher, which is above desirable levels.

  • ¼ of Americans are hypertensive

  • ¼ of Americans are pre-hypertensive


Cholesterol statistics contd1
Cholesterol Statistics contd.

  • Iowa State Statistics:

    • 6,400 faculty at I.S.U

    • $40 million are spent each year on health care costs

    • $5 million are spent each year on pharmaceuticals costs

    • $4 million are spent each year on sick days

    • Lipitor is the number 1 prescribed medication for Iowa State faculty and staff


Cholesterol risks
Cholesterol Risks

  • Think about what risks apply to you

    • Age

    • Gender

    • Genetics

    • Exercise

    • Eating habits

    • Weight

    • Alcohol

    • Smoking

    • Stress


The good what is hdl
The Good: What is HDL?

  • High Density Lipoprotein

    • Removes cholesterol from body’s tissues

    • Transport to Liver

      • Excreted or Re-utilized

    • Inhibits CV risks

      • Stroke, heart attacks

    • Good diet

      • Omega 3, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated


Recommended range
Recommended Range

  • American Heart Association, National Institute of Health recommends:

  • Average women: 50-60 mg/dL

  • Average men: 40-50 mg/dL

  • > 60 mg/dL protects against heart disease


What is ldl
What is LDL?

  • Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL)

  • Triglycerides

  • LP (A) Cholesterol

  • Atherosclerosis

    • Plague


Ldl cont
LDL cont.

  • Suggested range:

  • <100 mg/dL Optimal

  • 100 to 129 mg/dL Above Optimal

  • 130 to 159 mg/dL Borderline High

  • 160 to 189 mg/dL High

  • 190 and above Very High


Ldl cont1
LDL cont.

  • What influences LDL

  • Saturated

  • Monounsaturated

  • Polyunsaturated


What is vldl
What is VLDL?

  • Very Low Density Lipoprotein

    • Made of Cholesterol, Triglycerides (fat), Proteins

  • Transport lipids

    • Out of lipids, deliver triglycerides to body cells

  • Post Removal

    • Triglycerides turns into Intermediate Density Lipoproteins

      • 2/3 return to liver  Used again

      • 1/3 in the blood  Turns to LDL


Importance of vldl
Importance of VLDL

  • Measuring VLDL

    • To better understand LDL

  • Transport

    • 10-15% of Cholesterol

    • Body cells

      • New cell membranes

      • Further usage (energy storage)


Recommended range1
Recommended Range

  • Triglycerides

    • <150 mg/dL

      *REMEMBER: VLDL eventually becomes LDL!


Understanding your food labels
Understanding your food labels

  • Things to look for:

    • Saturated

    • Meats, Dairy,& Processed foods

    • Monounsaturated

      • Oils

      • Nuts

    • Polyunsaturated

      • Omega 3

      • Omega 6


Controlling your cholesterol
Controlling Your Cholesterol

  • Doing a combination of the following will give you a good balance between HDL & LDL:

    • Aerobic exercise (20-30min most days of the week at moderate intensity)

    • Lose body fat (control portions, healthy food choices, be active)

    • Stop smoking

    • Alcohol consumption


Controlling your cholesterol contd
Controlling Your Cholesterol contd.

  • Increase the monounsaturated fats in your diet

  • Adding soluble fiber to your diet


The cholesterol challenge
The Cholesterol Challenge!!!

  • Go to your Doctor and get your cholesterol checked

  • Check food labels

    • Already in your pantry and at the grocery store

  • Reduce tobacco use or exposure

  • Implement physical activity into your daily routine

    • Walking instead of CyRide

    • Park farther away at work and store

    • Plan outdoor physical activity for your family


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • The Good: ?

  • The Bad: ?

  • The Ugly: ?

  • Diet Habits

  • Lifestyle Changes


Thank you for your time
Thank you for your time!

  • We hope you learned the basic information on cholesterol and how it affects you.

  • Questions? Comments?

  • Our next lunch and learn will be Oct. 17th on Breast and Prostate Cancer in Carver Room 202

  • Have a good day!


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