Special Education 101. Nori Cuellar Mora, Ed.D. ESC2 [email protected] Associate Director of Instructional Services 361-561-8501 December 7, 2007. Introduction. Agenda. IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Disabilities Identification The Principal as ARD Chair
Special Education 101
Nori Cuellar Mora, Ed.D.
Associate Director of Instructional Services
December 7, 2007
Change . . .
Sometimes it is all in how you
What will you be doing????
Here are some assignments as reported by principals currently in the field.
Survey done of 200 principals across the state of Texas reported on how much of a typical day is spent on special education issues:Amount of time/day Up to 25%24.3%26 – 50%21.3%51 – 74%13.5%75% or more38.3%
Dr. Debra Bravenec’s Study for Dissertation
The Child-Centered Process
Definition of Special Education
This definition and the laws governing special education in the nation’s schools are outlined by the Federal government.
it is: personnel
is not a place.
It’s a SERVICE!!
FIE / Yearly evaluation
Principles of IDEA
NCEC (Texas only)
Students served in Texas public schools by disability
How do we get from general education to special education?
Reflect on your campus’ process for referring students to special education.
What does that look like?
Write the major steps down.
Research tells us that if we intervene at the beginning point of difficulty with intensive, appropriate instruction – special education referrals would be reduced by 50%.
Referral to Special Ed.
FIE / Yearly evaluation
Response to Intervention Model
What kind of “Chair” are you?
What statements should you ALWAYS hear at an ARD?
should you NEVER
hear at an ARD?
IEPIndividual Educational Program
Background information to strengthen the administrator’s role at ARD meetings!
Least Restrictive Environment
LRELeast Restrictive Environment
Each state shall establish:
“procedures to assure that, to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities are educated with children who are not disabled,
and that special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs
only when the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes
with the use of supplementary aidsand services
cannot be achieved satisfactorily.”
Special education is not services based upon administrative convenience. Build for the individual student’s needs – you shouldn’t try to squash the child into an existing program!
. . . The answer to most of your questions!!
SO more sped dropout students means higher dropout rate for district and lower grad rate!
General education teachers are the first staff members to indicate if students should be referred to special education,
SO if inappropriate referrals are made---
Child Find numbers may create OVERidentification & disproportionality issues
25 school districts out of 48 were identified as being disproportionate
a. Child Count
b. Instructional Setting
e. Disciplinary Action
f. Extended School Year
What will you take back to your staff meeting?
Fill out a “Next Steps” form.