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I ntergrated F inancial M anangement I nformation S ystems BUSINESS CASE GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE . JUDITH MADZORERA ACCOUNTANT GENERAL Windsor Golf & Country Club Resort, Nairobi, Kenya, November 8-12, 2004. Government of Zimbabwe IFMIS. Change Drivers/Challenges Reform initiatives

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i ntergrated f inancial m anangement i nformation s ystems business case government of zimbabwe

Intergrated Financial Manangement Information SystemsBUSINESS CASEGOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE



Windsor Golf & Country Club Resort, Nairobi, Kenya, November 8-12, 2004

Government of Zimbabwe IFMIS

Change Drivers/Challenges

Reform initiatives

Effect of challenges

Solution to the problem



Lessons learnt

change drivers challenges
Finance management and Reporting problems

Regular overspending against budget

Parliamentary Public Accounts Committee and other stakeholders. (Failure, late submission of financial reports).

Change drivers/challenges
change drivers challenges1
Persistent carry over of expenditures

Increased financial related frauds

Failure to pay suppliers on time

Change drivers/challenges
change drivers challenges2
Cash management

Bank reconciliations not up to date

No action/follow up on dishonoured cheques

Foreign payments not charged to the Government expenditures

Charges and penalties on outstanding payments

Change drivers/challenges
change drivers challenges3

Centralised Bureaux Based Data Processing Unit

Centralised programming support and services systems based on WAN or MAN none existent

Delays due to old generation language and outdated IT infrastructure

Change drivers/challenges
reform initiatives
Economic Reform Programmes, ESAP and ZIMPREST

Parliamentary Reform

Public Service Reforms

Reform initiatives
reform initiatives1
Governance issues

Transparency and Accountability

Value for money

Decentralisation and empowerment

Reform initiatives
effect of challenges
No real time reports and overview of budget and expenditure

Payment for services not rendered/increased fraud

Integrity of government accounts were being questioned

Stakeholder losing confidence in Government’s ability to manage public funds

Effect of challenges
effect of challenges1
Lack of information to make informed and timely decisions

Following year budgets being committed before hand

Suppliers refusing to provide to Government on credit/being charged high premiums.

Effect of challenges
solution to the problem
Re- engineer the way Government carried out its business:

Introduce a computerised accounting and financial management system which is :




Solution to the problem
solution to the problem1
Easy to use

Quality information to make informed decisions

Connecting Treasury with all Line Ministries for



Control expenditures

Real time financial and management information.

Solution to the problem
requirement by goz
To design and introduce a Public Financial Management System

The system was to be implemented on modern accounting package software that has been tried and tested in the global market place.

Government was seeking a genuine partnership with the selected solution provider to ensure that the solution is implemented effectively.

Own funding.

Requirement by GOZ
public financial management system
Approved the introduction of SAP Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system

Adopted modified accrual accounting

Need to decentralise

Public Financial Management System
zimbabwe ifmis general information

Population: 13.2 million

Ministries : 22

Ministries rolled out: 22 including

provincial sites

Districts to be


year beginning


Orgn of Accounting: Each ministry

own a budget with central

control of monthly usage

zimbabwe ifmis backbone infrastructure













TX Link

2M Connectivity

64K Connectivity

public financial management system1
Modules selected

Material Management


Inventory Management

Revenue/Sales and Distribution

Cash Management

Public Financial Management System
public financial management system2
Financial Accounting

Accounts payable

Accounts Receivable

General ledger

Assets Management

Funds Management /Planning and Budget

Public financial management system
benefits accruing from pfms
Elimination of non value adding activities such as data entry duplication/data captured at source

Information sharing and access

Reduction in administrative overheads/ elimination of paper returns and payments

Allowing focus on analysis rather than transactional issues

Benefits accruing from PFMS
benefits accruing from pfms1
Improved service delivery and payment to suppliers/cutting on bureaucratic processes of approval

Simple and easy to use integrated modules/value for money

Better management of inventories

Benefits accruing from PFMS
Confidence in the Government financial accounting and management system /improved GOZ image

Development of ICT infrastructure

Real time/on line information for decision making purposes

Improved productivity and better planning (Catalyst for Development)

Improved communication within Government – use of internet, e-mail etc.

lessons learnt
Need for High Level Commitment- strong political and administrative leadership

Need for a credible institutional and legal infrastructure – tendency to operate outside system

Human Resources Needs

Key skills, knowledge and attitude to drive the change

Continuous training

Strategies for retention

Lessons learnt
lessons learnt1
Clarity of business processes critical for system modification – Development of the appropriate classification

Involvement of Internal and External Audit in project preparation

System security issues and back up arrangements

User Ownership

Transformation of existing culture

Appropriate Infrastructural Support


Technical Support

Lessons learnt