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AHFA Flammability Update. Bob Luedeka March 20, 2008. Topics. CPSC Proposed Rule: Standard for the Flammability of Residential Upholstered Furniture 16 CFR Part 1634 Fire Retardant Issues. CPSC 16 CFR Part 1634. Addresses much of the risk Good starting point

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ahfa flammability update

AHFA Flammability Update

Bob LuedekaMarch 20, 2008

topics
Topics
  • CPSC Proposed Rule: Standard for the Flammability of Residential Upholstered Furniture 16 CFR Part 1634
  • Fire Retardant Issues
cpsc 16 cfr part 1634
CPSC 16 CFR Part 1634
  • Addresses much of the risk
  • Good starting point
  • Could be amended later to address small open flame
cpsc 16 cfr part 16344
CPSC 16 CFR Part 1634
  • Protocol needs to be investigated.
  • Is it reproducible?
  • Representative of composite furniture performance?
fire retardant issues
Fire Retardant Issues
  • News coverage continuing regarding FR concerns
  • NGOs posturing to pass CA AB706
  • Calif. Bureau of Home Furnishings has been quiet about TB117, prefers to see a national standard
background
Background

Halogenated products

Brominated Chlorinated

Note: PentaBDEs no longer being used

by US foam industry

Non-halogenated

Phosphorus

slide8
Killer Couches:

Claim: Handheld XRF guns can be used to detect halogenated compounds in upholstered furniture.

Response: XRF guns can detect some brominated compounds on the surface of foam and fabric. Accuracy is unknown. XRF guns cannot detect chlorine compounds.

slide9
Killer Couches:

Claim: Halogenated compounds migrate from furniture to household dust.

Response: So far, that’s unproven speculation focused on PBDE compounds. Migration of today’s FR foam additives has not been reported.

slide10
Killer Couches:

Claim: There is no way to safely dispose of furniture treated with halogenated FRs.

Response: There is no evidence of hazard or risk in the customary disposal of furniture treated with halogenated FRs.

slide11
Killer Couches:

Claim: Halogenated fire retardants are not used in TB133 furniture.

Response: Halogenated compounds are common ingredients in melamine-modified FR foam.

slide12
Killer Couches:

Claim: Latex is both fire safe and free of fire retardant chemicals.

Response: Latex is flammable and subject to the same regulation in upholstered furniture as polyurethane foam. Large amounts of FR additives are required in latex foam to meet California TB117.

california tb117
California TB117
  • AB706 would require the Bureau to revise TB117.
  • PFA requested suspension of the open flame portion of TB117 until more is known about the safety of today’s FR technologies.
  • The Bureau has not commented.
fr additive developments
FR Additive Developments
  • FR suppliers are developingnon-halogenated alternatives.
  • PFA foam manufacturers, AHFA and FR suppliers recently met to discuss issues and concerns.
  • FR suppliers are working to satisfy EPA evaluation requirements on existing and developmental FR products.
slide15

Bob Luedeka

865-690-4648

pfa.org

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