Japan
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Japan. Country includes 4,000 islands About 70% is covered by mountains and hills Most live on the four largest islands: Honshu Hokkaido Kyushu Shikoku Around 500 A.D. Chinese ideas and customs began impacting the Japanese Writing system Buddhism. Japanese Clans.

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Japan

Japan

  • Country includes 4,000 islands

  • About 70% is covered by mountains and hills

  • Most live on the four largest islands:

    • Honshu

    • Hokkaido

    • Kyushu

    • Shikoku

  • Around 500 A.D. Chinese ideas and customs began impacting the Japanese

    • Writing system

    • Buddhism


Japanese clans

Japanese Clans

  • Heian Period (794-1185)

    • High point of imperial rule

    • People of the court wrote poetry, painted, and preformed rituals

    • Central government controlled by a wealthy family

    • Large Military clans controlled samurai armies

    • Feudalism of localized rule began as landowners challenged wealthy power


Japanese clans continued

Japanese Clans continued

  • Kamakura Period (1185-1333)

    • Two powerful clans fought for power

    • Yoritomo became the first great general

    • Military governors were established

    • The military governors (daimyo) oversaw samurai

  • Ashikaga Period (1338-1467)

    • Emperor overthrew the military headquarters to restore imperial authority

    • Emperor overthrown by a military leader establishing new military and imperial government

    • Imperial courts were at war for 54 years until they came together in the 15th century

    • Peace deteriorated as political unrest gained and nobles struggled for land and power


Japanese clans continued1

Japanese Clans continued

  • Warring States Period (1467-1568)

    • Civil War

    • Military leaders became lords

    • Some military leaders sought to unite but unity could not be found

  • Tokugawa Period (1603-1867)

    • Japan became united

    • Japan enjoyed stability, prosperity

    • Urban population flourished

    • Foreign influence controlled with “closed country policy” until Japan began trade with the U.S. in 1854.


Religions and philosophies

Religions and Philosophies

  • Shinto (way of the gods)

    • Divine spirits (Kami) that dwell in nature

    • Inhabitant of unusual or extremely beautiful nature

  • Confucianism

    • Tokugawa Period

      • Emperor believed to descend from Shinto sun Goddess

      • Samurai were elite class: warriors with conduct codes

      • Peasants lived burdened lives that were regulated for them

      • Artisans and Merchants were below peasants as Confucian beliefs despised business and financial matters as virtue and service to state were valued instead.

  • Buddhism

    • Eliminate material attachment

    • Siddhartha

  • Zen Buddhism

    • Need self discipline to reach enlightenment

    • Meditation, discipline, simplicity


Muso soseki 1275 1351

Muso Soseki (1275-1351)

  • Studied Shingon Buddhism

  • Converted to Zen Buddhism

  • Studied under Chinese and Japanese Teachers

  • Influenced Zen Buddhism recognition from Imperial court

    • Spread throughout Japan

    • Shaped monasteries into serious places of study

    • Aspire to achieve spiritual enlightenment

    • Control over the ego


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