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Gramática 2.1. Repaso de pretérito er/ir Introducción de demostrativos. endings for –er & -ir verbs. -er verbs share the same endings!. Demonstrative Adjectives & Pronouns. Demonstrative adjectives must agree in number and gender with what you are describing

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Gram tica 2 1

Gramática 2.1

Repaso de pretérito er/ir

Introducción de demostrativos




Demonstrative adjectives pronouns
Demonstrative Adjectives & Pronouns

  • Demonstrative adjectives must agree in number and gender with what you are describing

  • 3 different distances from the speaker

    • aquí (here)—close

    • acá (there)-far

    • allí (over there)-very far away


Close to speaker aqu
close to speaker-aquí

  • este + sustantivo (nombre)

  • estos + sustantivo (nombre)

  • esta + sustantivo (nombre)

  • estas + sustantivo (nombre)

  • Este lápiz es corto. This pencil is short.

  • Esta chica es bonita. This girl is pretty.


Farther away but still close ac
farther away (but still close)-acá

  • ese + sustantivo (nombre)

  • esos + sustantivo (nombre)

  • esa + sustantivo (nombre)

  • esas + sustantivo (nombre)

  • Esos chicos son feos. Those boys are ugly.

  • Esas blusas son rojas. Those blouses are red


Very far away all all
very far away-allí/allá

  • aquel + sustantivo (nombre)

  • aquellos + sustantivo (nombre)

  • aquella + sustantivo (nombre)

  • aquellas + sustantivo (nombre)

  • Me gustan aquellas casas en la distancia.

  • I like those houses over there in the distance.


Ejemplos
Ejemplos

  • ¿Quieres ver este programa?

  • Esa profesora es antipática.

  • Aquellos chicos son malos.

  • Estos libros son aburridos.


Demonstrative pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns

  • Replace dem. adj & object

  • ¿Te gusta este vestido o éste?

  • Do you like this dress or this one?

  • Ella quiere ir a ese restauraunte no aquél.

  • She wants to go to that restaurant, not to that one over there.

  • ALL PRONOUNS HAVE ACCENTS!


Close
close

  • éste

  • éstos

  • ésta

  • éstas


far

  • ése

  • ésos

  • ésa

  • ésas


Very far
very far

  • aquél

  • aquéllos

  • aquélla

  • aquéllas

  • substitutes in for noun

  • agrees in gender & number!!!!


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