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Teaching Children with Visual Impairments in Physical Education Lauren J. Lieberman Ph.D. Sponsored by:. AAPAR is an Association of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. My background. Undergraduate at West Chester University in H & PE & APE

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Teaching children with visual impairments in physical education lauren j lieberman ph d

Teaching Children with Visual Impairments in Physical EducationLauren J. Lieberman Ph.D.

Sponsored by:

AAPAR is an Association of the American Alliance for Health,

Physical Education, Recreation and Dance


My background
My background Education

  • Undergraduate at West Chester University in H & PE & APE

  • Masters at University of Wisconsin at LaCrosse in Special Physical Education

  • Ph.D. at Oregon State University in Movement Studies in Disability

  • Taught and coached at Perkins School for the Blind in Watertown, MA

    5. Currently teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in APE at the College at Brockport

    6. Founder and Director of Camp Abilities

    7. Extensive research and five books in this area

    8. Consult with American Printing House for the Blind & NY State Deaf-Blind Collaborative


Overview of presentation
Overview of Presentation Education

  • Types of Visual Impairments

  • General Instructional Strategies

  • Guide running techniques

  • Resources

  • Blind Sports

  • Role Models


Types of visual impairments
Types of Visual Impairments Education

  • Acuity loss-Retinopathy of Prematurity

  • Field loss-Retinitis Pigmentosa

  • Far sighted

  • Near sighted

  • Intermittent vision-Cortical Visual Impairment

  • Other


Diagram of the EYE Education

Macula

http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/eyediagram/



Macular Degeneration Education - The deterioration of the macula, the central area of the retina, is the most prevalent eye disease. This picture shows the area of decreased central vision called a central scotoma. The peripheral or side vision remains unaffected so mobility need not be impaired.


Macular Degeneration Education

The deterioration of the macula, the central area of the retina, is the most prevalent eye disease.

Hemianopia

Damage to the optic pathways in the brain, can cause vision loss in half of the field.


Hemianopia Education-

Damage to the optic pathways in the brain, which can result

from acquired brain injuries due to stroke, tumor or trauma,

can cause vision loss in half of the field. The most common

defect, right homonymous hemianopia, occurs in corresponding

halves of the right field of vision.


Glaucoma Education

Damage to the optic nerve caused by high eye pressure.

Optic nerve sends messages about what we see from the eye to the brain.

If not treated, damage increases, causing a loss of peripheral (side) vision. Without treatment, may eventually lead to blindness.


Retinitis Pigmentosa Education

Congenital degeneration of the pigmented layer of the retina that leads to a severe loss of peripheral vision. Even though central vision may remain clear, traveling is difficult because of side vision loss. There are also issues with night vision.


What you need to know Education

  • What they can see

  • Previous experience

  • Learning style

    • Tactile modeling

    • Physical guidance

  • Additional disabilities

  • Other?


Curricular considerations
Curricular Considerations Education

  • Open & Closed Sports

  • Modify activities as necessary

  • Infuse closed sports:

    • Track & field

    • Swimming

    • Biking

    • Archery

    • Bowling


Adapting activities continued
Adapting Activities Continued.. Education

  • Adapting rules

    • more time

    • no defender

    • slower the pace

    • change objective

    • change rules

    • sighted guide

    • touch/sound cues

    • other


Adapting equipment
Adapting Equipment Education

  • Sound balls

  • Lighter balls

  • Heavier balls

  • Textured balls

  • Auditory targets

  • Guidewire to bases or around boundaries

  • Tactile markers on oars, treadmills, weight machines

  • Other


Train support personnel
Train Support Personnel Education

  • Train peer tutors

  • Train paraeducators

  • Utilize teachers of the visually impaired, orientation and mobility instructors, and adapted physical educators


Guide running techniques
Guide running techniques Education

  • See

  • http://www.campabilitiesbrockport.org/Teaching.htm


Instructional strategies
Instructional Strategies Education

  • Physical Guidance and Tactile Modeling

  • See

  • http://www.campabilitiesbrockport.org/Teaching/tactile.htm

  • http://www.campabilitiesbrockport.org/Teaching/physical-guidance.htm


Infuse blind sports into the curriculum
Infuse Blind Sports into the Curriculum Education

  • Goal ball

  • http://www.campabilitiesbrockport.org/Teaching/goalball-ncpad.htm

  • Beep baseball

  • http://www.campabilitiesbrockport.org/Teaching.htm


Blind sports
Blind Sports Education

Goal Ball

Beep Baseball


Resources Education

  • APH.org

    • Click on PE web site

    • Click on products

      • Books

      • Sound sources

      • Auditory balls

      • Walk/run for fitness kit

      • Jump rope kit

      • & more!

  • www.campabilities.org

  • www.usaba.org

  • www.perkins.org

  • www.twu.edu./INSPIRE

  • Texas school for the blind

  • other


Marla Runyan Education

*Is legally blind, diagnosed with Stargardt’s Disease as a child, has been legally blind for 20 years

*First person that is legally blind to earn a sport on the U.S. Olympic team

*Former Olympic Distance Runner 1999 - 2006

*Motivational Speaker 2000 - present

*Communicative Disorders Specialist 2008 - present


Career highlights
Career Highlights Education

•2-Time U.S. Olympian, 2000 and 2004 (1500m and 5000m)

•Olympic Finalist, 8th place finish 1500 meters 2000 Olympic Games

•Pan-American Games Gold Medalist, 1500m (1999)

•3-Time Outdoor Track National Champion, 5000m (2001 – 2003)

•3-Time Road 5k National Champion, (2002-2004)

•Former American Record holder, Indoor 5000m 15:07.33

•2002 NYC Marathon, 4th Place, Top American 2:27.10

•2003 Boston Marathon, 5th Place, Top American 2:30.33

•2004 Chicago Marathon, 7th Place, Top American 2:28.33

•2006 Twin Cities Marathon Champion, National Champion 2:32.17


Has a book Education

*No Finish Line, My Life as I see it

Although there are not many commercials that include people with disabilities, Nike did make one about Marla

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0nM8cvwWsg


Erik weihenmayer
Erik EducationWeihenmayer

  • http://www.touchthetop.com/education/seven-summits/mount-everest/

  • An accomplished climber, Erik Weihenmayer became the only blind man in history to reach the summit of the world's highest peak - Mount Everest on May 25, 2001. On August 20, 2008, when he stood on top of Carstensz Pyramid, the tallest peak in Austral-Asia, Weihenmayer completed his quest to climb the Seven Summits - the highest peak on every continent. (learn more about Erik Weihenmayer the world class adventurer)


Other role models
Other role models Education

  • 2008 ParalympicWomens Goal Ball gold medalists

  • Triscia Zorn-Swimmer with a visual impairment-won most medals of any Olympian or Paralympian

  • Tim Willis-Paralympic runner

  • Jessie Lorenz-Paralympic Goal ball player & marathon runner



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