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口语运用专项 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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2014 年中考英语. 口语运用专项. 邵武六中 邱琴芳. 口语交际能力的两大特点:. 一是重视语言环境对语言的影响. 二是重视语言的真实性. 做好口语交际的关键:. 通览全文,领会大意 根据语境,认真思考 通盘考虑, 前后联想 通读对话,义行结合. 补全对话 = 场景句型 + 上下文判断. 怎样巧用上下文?. 注意一般疑问句的使用 ;(时态,构成,回答) 特殊疑问词的判定和特殊疑问句的构成; 上下时态保持一致; 问答自然、恰当;尊重原文,不乱发挥; 重视标点符号的暗示。. 补全对话常考的场景: 看病 2. 购物

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2014年中考英语

口语运用专项

邵武六中 邱琴芳


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口语交际能力的两大特点:

一是重视语言环境对语言的影响

二是重视语言的真实性


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做好口语交际的关键:

通览全文,领会大意

根据语境,认真思考

通盘考虑, 前后联想

通读对话,义行结合

补全对话=场景句型+上下文判断


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怎样巧用上下文?

  • 注意一般疑问句的使用;(时态,构成,回答)

  • 特殊疑问词的判定和特殊疑问句的构成;

  • 上下时态保持一致;

  • 问答自然、恰当;尊重原文,不乱发挥;

  • 重视标点符号的暗示。


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  • 补全对话常考的场景:

  • 看病 2. 购物

  • 3. 打电话

  • 4. 谈论计划\天气\衣服等

  • 5. 问路和指路6. 借东西

  • 7.就餐 8.约会


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看病

看病


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常用句型

  • What’s wrong with you?/ What’s the matter?(询问)

  • I’ve got a fever/ headache. / I have had a bad cold.

  • I caught a bad cold.

  • 3. Have you taken your temperature?

  • 4. How long have you been like this?

  • 5. --- How are you feeling now?

  • ----Much better./Even worse.

  • 6. ---Is it serious? --- Nothing serious.

  • 7. Take the medicine three times a day. Have a good

  • rest and you will be better soon.


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实战演练

(Lin Tao is a student from Beijing. He was ill last night. He hurried to a hospital this morning. Now he is at the doctor’s.)

Lin Tao: Good morning, Doctor.

Doctor: Good morning.(1)_____________________________, young man?

Lin Tao: I’ve got a headache and a cough, I’m afraid

I’ll be dead.

Doctor: Don’t worry. It’s nothing serious.

(2)___________________________?

Lin Tao: Yes, but I haven’t got a fever(发烧).

Doctor: (3) ______________________?

Lin Tao: Ever since last night.

What’s wrong with you

Have you taken your temperature

How long have you been like this


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Doctor: Let me check you over. Open your mouth and say “Ahh”. Oh, it’s nothing serious. Just a cold.

(4) _________________________________and drink more water. You’ll be better soon.

Lin Tao: (5)_______________, Doctor.

Doctor: You’re welcome.

Take the medicine three times a day

Thank you very much


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购物


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常用句型

  • ---May/Can I help you? / What can I do for you?

  • --- I want to buy…

  • 2. 颜色: What’s your favourite colour?/ Do you have a blue one?

  • 3. 大小: What size shirt/shoes do you want?/ Can you show me a bigger one? It’s smaller for me.

  • 4. 试穿:--- Can I try it on? --- Sure.

  • 5.价格:How much is it/ are they?

  • It’s too expensive. Do you have a cheaper one?

  • 6. 购买:I’ll take it. Here is the money.


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实战演练

What can I do for you

A: Good morning, sir. 1. ______________________?

B: I’d like to buy a white shirt. Do you have any white

shirts?

A: Yes.  2. ________________________?

B: I want Size M.

A: Here you are.

B: Can I try it on?

A: Sure. Is it all right?

B: Yes. I like it very much.  3. _________________?

A: 296 yuan.

B: That’s a bit expensive. 4_____________________?

A: Yes. What about this one? It is only 108 yuan .

B: OK.. I will take it. 5 _____________________.

A: Goodbye, sir.

What size do you want

How much is it

Do you have a cheaper one

Here is the money


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打电话

打电话


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常用句型

  • May I speak to Tom? (Tom在家吗?)

  • This is Tom speaking. Who is that?

  • Hold on, please. He is coming soon.

  • Can you take a message for me?

  • Can I leave a message to him?

  • Sorry, he isn’t in./he isn’t at home.

  • I’ll ask Tom to call back later.

  • 此场景常与其他场景结合来考察。


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实战演练

A: Hello! May I speak to Sue, please?

B:         1       _________.

A: Oh, this is Jim speaking. Is that Mrs. Green?

B:         2    ____________ ________  .

A: Mrs. Green, I’ve got something to tell her.

Can I leave a message?

B:  Sure.       3  ________?

A: Please tell her we are going to see our

teachers tomorrow.

B:         4      __________________ __?

A: We’ll meet at school at eight in the morning.

B:         5      _______ ?

A: No. That’s all. Thank you B: You’re welcome.

Sorry, she isn’t in

Yes, this is Mrs Green speaking

What is it

When and where will you meet

Anything else


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讨论计划


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常用句型

重视表示建议的句型

  • --- What are you going to do this weekend?

  • --- I’m going to…

  • 2. Would you like to go with me?

  • 3. How shall we go there?

  • 4. Why not ride a bike? It’s not far from here.

  • 5. When and where shall we meet?

  • 6. Let’s make it a little earlier.

  • 7. What about doing …?


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实战演练

Where are you going

A: Summer holiday is coming. 1. _______________?

B: I’m going to my hometown.

A: 2. _________________________________?

B: For about a month.  3. ___________________?

A: I want to travel to Hainan Island. It’s a beautiful

place of interest. Would you like to go with me?

B: 4. __________________. But I have to visit my

grandparents in my hometown.

A: It doesn’t matter. If you stay in your hometown

for fewer days, you’ll have enough time to travel with

me. This is a good way to solve you problem, isn’t it?

B: 5. _______________.

A: OK! I will wait for you until you come back.

B. Thank you.

How long will you stay there

What about you/Where do you want to go

Yes, I’d love to

Yes, it is


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问路和指路


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常用句型

  • Excuse me, where is the post office?

  • How can I get to the post office?

  • Can you show me the way to the post office?

  • I’m sorry, but I’m new here. / I’m a stranger here.

  • Thank you very much. \Thank you all the same.

  • How far is it?

  • Can I take a bus/ taxi?

  • Go straight along the street and turn left at the second crossing.

  • You’ll find the post office is on your left. You can’t miss it.


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实战演练

A: Excuse me, sir? Where is the nearest hotel?

B: 1. ____________________________.

You may ask that policeman over there.

A: Thank you all the same.

(The man goes to the policeman.)

A: Excuse me,  2._____________________?

C: No, there isn’t a hotel near here, but there is

one near the Bank of China.

A: 3. ____________________?

C: It’s about two kilometers away.

A: 4. _____________________?

C: You’d better take a taxi, because it’s so late

and there aren’t any buses now.

A: 5. _____________________.

C: You’re welcome.

I’m sorry, but I’m new here.

Is there a hotel near here

How far is it

How can I get there

Thank you very much


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图书馆借书


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常用句型

  • What can I do for you?

  • Can I help you?

  • I want to borrow a book.

  • How long can I keep it?

  • You must return it on time.


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实战演练

May I borrow some books?

  • A: Excuse me 1______________________?

  • B:Of course, What kind of books do you want to borrow?

  • A: English workbooks.

  • B: OK! Here you are.

  • A: 2 _________________________?

  • B: Two weeks.3 ________________________.

  • A: Sure , I will. Thank you very much.

  • B: 4 ____________________.

  • A: Goodbye!

  • B: 5 ________________.

How long can I keep them

You must return them on time

.

You are welcome.

Bye!


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就餐


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①What would you like to have? I’d like…

②Would you like something to eat/drink?

③ May I take your order?

④ Help yourself to …

⑤What about some more rice/meat/…? Anything else?

⑥Yes, please./No, thanks. I’m full.

常用句型


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实战演练

A: Would you like to have dinner with me ?

B:______________________________.

C: Welcome to our restaurant , This way , please.

A|B: Thank you.

C: _____________________________?

A: Sure. We’d like some rice, fish, chicken and vegetable soup.

C: All right. Wait a moment.

A: (twenty minutes) Mm, how delicious! Would you like something to drink?

B: ____________. I like orange juice.

A: (forty minutes later) ____________________?

C: Let me see. It’s 55 yuan .

A: ______________.

C: Here ‘s your change . Thank you for coming .

Yes, I’d love to.

May I take your order

.

Yes, please

May I have the bill?

Here you are .


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其它常用句型

1.问候:会根据不同场合使用问候语

2. 介绍:掌握介绍自己或别人的方法

3. 告别:掌握不同场合下表示“告别”的用语

4.感谢和应答:掌握表示感谢和回答感谢的用语

5. 道歉和应答:能正确使用道歉和应答的用语

6.邀请,请求,祝贺,祝愿和应答

7.提供帮助和应答:掌握怎样提供帮助和进行应答


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近三年中考口语运用题目分析

  • 2011年是购物

  • A: Good morning!76 ?

  • B: I am looking for a present for my father.

  • A: 77 ?

  • B: I want to buy a shirt.

  • A: This way, please. Here are some shirts. 78 ?

  • B: It looks nice. But I wonder why you choose this one for me.

  • A: Because it’s popular with the old people and it’s cheap.

  • B: 79 ?

  • A: It’s only thirty yuan.

  • B: OK. 80 . Thank you.

  • A: You are welcome.


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近三年中考口语运用题目分析

  • 2012年是打电话

  • A: Hello, may I speak to Mary?

  • B: Sorry, she isn't in. Is that Kate speaking?

  • A: Yes. 71 ? .

  • B: This is Mike. 72 ?

  • A: Fine, thanks. Can I leave a message?

  • B: Of course. 73 , please. I'll go and get a pen.

  • (A few minutes later.)

  • B: OK, please.

  • A: I'd like to ask her to go to the cinema with me tonight. Will you ask her to call me when she comes back?

  • B: No problem. 74 ?

  • A: It's 7830631.

  • B: OK, bye-bye.

  • A: 75 .


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近三年中考口语运用题目分析

2013年是谈论衣服(6选5)

A:Hi, Mary, What a nice dress!

B: 71____ I just bought it yesterday.

A: 72____ I also want to buy one like yours.

B: But I’m afraid it doesn’t fit you, 73________you’d better try

on a dark color.

A: 74________Because blue is the symbol of peace nd green

is the sign of spring.

B: Oh, I see. Maybe you can try dark blue or dark green.

A: All right. 75__________

B: Yes, I’d love to . Let’s go.


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Thank you for listening


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