Neurological diseases injuries disorders
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Neurological Diseases/Injuries/Disorders. What can you do to protect your nervous system?. Epilepsy. Most common neurological disorder in US Seizure disorder(must have _____ or more)—__________________________________________________________________________

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Neurological diseases injuries disorders

Neurological Diseases/Injuries/Disorders

What can you do to protect your nervous system?


Epilepsy

Epilepsy

  • Most common neurological disorder in US

  • Seizure disorder(must have _____ or more)—__________________________________________________________________________

    • Grand Mal—______________________________

    • Petite Mal—______________________________

  • Can be caused by injuries, illness, abnormal brain wiring, imbalance of chemicals


Meningitis

Meningitis

  • Affects the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (_________________________________________________________)

  • Caused by either _______________ or ____________—which is worse??

  • Can lead to brain damage, hearing loss, learning disability

  • Accompanied by high fever, headache, stiff neck; also possibly nausea, vomiting, difficulty seeing in bright light, confusion, lethargy

  • The worst cases can cause death


Stroke aka attack

Strokeaka________ Attack

  • Caused by heart problems, high BP, build up of plaque in arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the brain

    • Specific _______________________________________________________________________________________

  • May experience numbness in face, arm, and/or leg usually focused on one side; sudden confusion, trouble talking or seeing, loss of balance, severe headache; paralysis which can be permanent; death

  • Treat with blood thinners and clot dissolving meds

  • _____ _____ ____ _____???


Alzheimer s

Alzheimer’s

  • Most common form of _____________________

  • Changes in brain tissue; loss of nerve cells, chemical levels, not fully understood; age and family history

  • Causes forget- fullness and ____________ loss

  • No cure but meds to slow progression; keep brain active

  • Usually occurs ___+


Brain tumor

Brain Tumor

  • Benign?--_______________________________________________

  • Malignant?--____________________________________________

    • Which is worse? --__________________________________________

    • Can they both be bad??--_____________________________________

  • Primary—start within the brain

  • Metastatic—start elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain

  • Cancer comes from changes that occur in genetic material, previous radiation exposure, exposure to chemicals, family history

  • May cause headaches, seizures, speech problems, impaired vision, weakness in parts of the body, problems with understanding, thinking, and memory

  • Treated by ______________________________________________

  • Benign is more common in women


Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis

  • No longer common in the US—epidemic in the ___________________

  • Caused by a _____________ spread through human waste—contaminated food and water

  • Causes fever, tiredness, vomiting, neck stiffness, leg and arm pain, and sometimes paralysis

  • Prevented with vaccine, no cure, treat symptoms

  • FDR


Parkinson s

Parkinson’s

  • Usually an elderly disease

  • Unknown cause—thought to have something to do with the chemical dopamine and acetylcholine in the brain

  • Symptoms-- ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  • Surgery may help symptoms, meds to balance the chemicals within the brain, no cure

  • Who? ________________________________________________________________________________________________


Multiple sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis

  • Affects the ________________that covers nerve cells

  • ___________________—comes and goes

  • ___________________—keeps getting worse

  • Unknown cause of the myelin being scarred (_________________), but does not allow the nerves to communicate effectively

  • Can cause _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________; most severe cases cause muscle spasms, bowel and bladder problems, slurred speech, sexual problems, paralysis, confusion, memory loss

  • No cure but meds help control (steroids and adapting lifestyle)

  • 400000 affected in US; affects women more than men; usually between the ages of ___________ and ____________


Paralysis

Paralysis

  • Caused by injury to _____________________; injury or illness in nerves; stroke; polio

  • Causes loss of muscle function in part of the body

    • Hemiplegia--_______________

    • Paraplegia--________________

    • Quadraplegia--_____________

  • Treatmentsinclude stem cells, retraining body, and physical therapy—often irreversible


What can you do to protect yourself

What can you do to protect yourself?

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