Functionalist and marxist views of religion l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 11

FUNCTIONALIST and MARXIST VIEWS OF RELIGION PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 502 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

FUNCTIONALIST and MARXIST VIEWS OF RELIGION. Emile Durkheim 1858 - 1917. Durkheim’s standard definition of religion based on a study of totemism amongst Australian aborigines

Download Presentation

FUNCTIONALIST and MARXIST VIEWS OF RELIGION

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Functionalist and marxist views of religion l.jpg

FUNCTIONALIST and MARXIST VIEWS OF RELIGION


Emile durkheim 1858 1917 l.jpg

Emile Durkheim 1858 - 1917

  • Durkheim’s standard definition of religion based on a study of totemism amongst Australian aborigines

    “[Religion is a] unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden – beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them.”

    Religion brings the tribe/group/society together

www.educationforum.co.uk


Totems l.jpg

Alaskan

Maori

Aboriginal

Totems

www.educationforum.co.uk


Totemic principle god society l.jpg

Totemic Principle = God = Society

  • Durkheim suggests that the totem is sacred because it is symbolically representative of the group itself. It stands for the values of the group and by worshiping it people are essentially worshipping the group (society)

  • Totemism is seen by Durkheim as the most elementary form of religion involving rituals and ceremonies around a totem which bring a group together

  • Religion is not a matter of individual belief – it is about collective rituals, ceremonies and worship which have the functions of bringing together and defining the group

www.educationforum.co.uk


Marxism and religion l.jpg

KARL MARX 1818 — 1883

FREIDRICH ENGELS 1820 — 1895

Marxism and Religion

www.educationforum.co.uk


Slide6 l.jpg

For Durkheim religion was a positive action brought about by society seeking order;

Marxist analysis of religion is rooted in the understanding of religion and social control

Marxist perspective mirrors in some ways the functionalists take on religion

www.educationforum.co.uk


Slide7 l.jpg

For Marxists, religion is also a conservative force in society

  • However that conservative force is not a positive one for Marxists.

  • Religion legitimises, reinforces and perpetuates the rule of the ruling class and their interests

  • Religion is also the “opium of the people” as it dulls the working class’ pain of exploitation

www.educationforum.co.uk


Religion and the working class l.jpg

Religion and the Working Class

  • Religion is a sedative, a narcotic, that dulls the people’s experience of, sensitivity to and understanding of, the plight of their life situation.

  • This applies to the class of people who are alienated by their life of production under capitalist exploitation – the workers

www.educationforum.co.uk


Religion and the bourgeois class l.jpg

Religion and the Bourgeois Class

For the owners of production and property, religion plays a different, but complementary, role:

  • It serves as a tool to control the proletariat (the working class), by placating them (promising future rewards / suffering as a virtue / messianic hopes / a kind of religious fatalism)

  • serves also to help owners of production rationalise and justify their position of power and privilege

www.educationforum.co.uk


Slide10 l.jpg

  • Religion under these circumstances appears to take on the character of an ideology

  • Such an ideology justifies and legitimates an unjust social order in such a way as to make it seem inevitable, pre-ordained and unchangeable.

  • Promises some form of salvation or reward in some other life conditional upon complete acceptance of conditions in this life, one’s place in it and the appointed places of others.

www.educationforum.co.uk


Marx s famous quote l.jpg

Marx’s Famous Quote

  • Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, as it is the spirit of unspiritual conditions…. the removal of religion as the illusionary happiness of people is the requirement for their real happiness’

  • (Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels, Toward the Criticism of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right, 1843)

  • Now click here for interactive exercise

www.educationforum.co.uk


  • Login