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Are Two Better Than One? Multiple Camera “Single Camera” Production. Peter Kiwitt. Topics. Why? How?. Historical Film Production. Productions carried two cameras One camera for production One camera as a spare Productions used two or more cameras for . . .

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Are two better than one multiple camera single camera production

Are Two Better Than One? Multiple Camera “Single Camera” Production

Peter Kiwitt


Topics
Topics

  • Why?

  • How?


Historical film production
Historical Film Production

  • Productions carried two cameras

    • One camera for production

    • One camera as a spare

  • Productions used two or more cameras for . . .

    • Stunts and “big” scenes (typically)

    • Saving time or performances (rarer)


Why not use two cameras
Why Not Use Two Cameras?

  • Costs more money

  • Takes more time

  • Compromises eyelines

  • Compromises lighting


What changed
What Changed?

  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing


What changed1
What Changed?

  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing

  • 1996 Kodak VisionFilm stock improvements


What changed2
What Changed?

  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing

  • 1996 Kodak VisionFilm stock improvements

  • 1996 Average studio feature $60m


What changed3
What Changed?

  • 1992 Lost in YonkersDigital editing

  • 1996 Kodak VisionFilm stock improvements

  • 1996 Average studio feature $60m

  • 1997 NBC “It’s new to you”Television ratings decline


What changed4
What Changed?

  • 2000 Star Wars Episode II—Attack of the Clones Digital production


What changed5
What Changed?

  • 2000 Star Wars Episode II—Attack of the Clones Digital production

  • 2000 O, Brother Where Art Thou?Digital color correction


What changed6
What Changed?

  • 2000 Star Wars Episode II—Attack of the Clones Digital production

  • 2000 O, Brother Where Art Thou?Digital color correction

  • 2001 Practice!


Film production now
Film Production Now

  • Movies & series:

    • Two cameras (or more!)

    • More coverage

  • Series:

    • Directing producers

    • Rotating DPs


What hasn t changed
What Hasn’t Changed

  • One shot on screen


What hasn t changed1
What Hasn’t Changed

  • One shot on screen

  • Same visualization


What hasn t changed2
What Hasn’t Changed

  • One shot on screen

  • Same visualization

  • Screenline & eyeline rules remain


Still single camera
Still Single Camera

  • Some wide angle shots


Still single camera1
Still Single Camera

  • Some wide angle shots

  • Some moving shots


Still single camera2
Still Single Camera

  • Some wide angle shots

  • Some moving shots

  • Shots separated by 90°+


Two camera issues
Two Camera Issues

  • Lighting

  • Sound

  • Performance


Two camera guidelines
Two Camera Guidelines

  • Lighting – closer angles

  • Sound – closer sizes

  • Performance – alternate takes


Two camera techniques
Two Camera Techniques

  • Closer size from closer angle

  • B camera for long lens

  • B camera pickup inserts

  • Two cameras on one dolly track or even dolly


Recommendation
Recommendation

  • All programs that teach directors should have at least one workshop or exercise in shooting with two cameras.


Are two better than one multiple camera single camera production1

Are Two Better Than One? Multiple Camera “Single Camera” Production

Peter Kiwitt



Notable productions
Notable Productions

  • 1980 Hill Street Blues

  • 1981 MTV

  • 1984 Amadeus – cross-angles

  • 1988 Rain Man – cross-angles

  • 1989 Dead Poets Society – multiple coverage


Evolution of style
Evolution of Style

  • Primitive (1893)

    • Tableau

  • Transitional (1908)

    • Tableau

    • Cut-in

    • Tableau

  • Classical (1917)

    • Master

    • Shot

    • Reverse-shot

  • Modern (1961)

    • Master

    • MS1

    • MS2

    • CU1

    • CU2

  • Contemporary (2001)

    • Master

    • MS1-A

    • MS2-A

    • CU1-B

    • CU2-B


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