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Offshore Wind Energy in Schleswig-Holstein Lessons Learnt and Perspectives. Dirk Scheelje Executive Board Member Heinrich-Böll-Foundation Schleswig-Holstein Kiel, Germany.  Vestas. Schleswig-Holstein in Europe between North Sea and Baltic Sea Kiel Canal north of Hamburg

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offshore wind energy in schleswig holstein lessons learnt and perspectives

Offshore Wind Energy in Schleswig-HolsteinLessons Learnt and Perspectives

Dirk Scheelje

Executive Board Member

Heinrich-Böll-Foundation Schleswig-Holstein

Kiel, Germany

 Vestas

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2013 Conference

slide2
Schleswig-Holstein in Europe
  • between North Sea and Baltic Sea
  • Kiel Canal
  • north of Hamburg
  • one of 16 German Federal States
  • area: 6,120 sq miles (15,800 km²)
  • population: 2,83 Mio.

Main Industries

  • Agriculture and Food Processing
  • Shipbuilding and Maritime Economy
  • Logistics
  • Health and Tourism
  • Renewables

 WTSH

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slide3
Offshore Plans and Facts in Europe

United Kingdom, Denmark, Belgium and Germany are the big players today

2012: 5 GW installed

2020: 33 GW planned

 Emerging Energy Research

 windcomm Schleswig-Holstein

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slide4
Offshore Plans and Facts in Germany

 Stiftung Offshore Windenergie

Today: 280 MW installed in 3 offshore parks (North Sea: alpha ventus 60 MW,

BARD I 160 MW and Baltic Sea: Baltic 1 50 MW)

60 offshore parks planned, approved resp. under construction

2020: 10 GW

2030: 25 GW

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slide5
Offshore Harbors in Germany

Big Components and Assembling

Service (Reaction and Supply)

R&D, Test, Trainee

 ZDS Zentralverband der deutschen Seehafenbetriebe e.V.

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slide6
Offshore Harbors in

Schleswig-Holstein

 Rendsburg, Kiel Canal

 Enge-Sande: Trainee Park

Brunsbüttel Harbor

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slide7
Renewable Energy Strategy Schleswig-Holstein

2020: 13 GW Onshore, 3 GW Offshore, 2 GW PV, 0,2 GW Biomass

Renewable Electricity Proportion of Gross Electricity Consumption

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slide8

Renewable Energy Companies in Schleswig-Holstein and South Denmark – FURGY - Region

  • Renewable energy industry geographically identified on various maps:
  • wind energy (250)
  • solar energy (100)
  • energy from biomass (140)
  • geothermal energy (50)
  • energy efficiency (100).
  • By clicking the separate icons corresponding information is displayed.

www.furgy.eu

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slide9
Renewables and Jobs

Germany in 2011: 381.600 / Wind Energy: 101.000

in 2020: 500.000

  • Main Focus in Schleswig-Holstein:
  • Building of Big Components (Towers and Foundation)
  • Assembling and Logistics
  • Service and Maintenance
  • Special Shipbuilding
  • Special Services (Ramming, Diving, Geotechnics)
  • R&D
  • Education and Further Training (academic and job-related)

 WAB/PwC Report

Regional spread of supplier industries in Germany

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slide10
Regional Value Added (1)

Shareholder of German Offshore Wind Energy Capacitiies

 Stiftung Offshore Windenergie 2012

  • 1/3 „The Big Four“ German Energy Supplier
  • no private ownership

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slide11
Regional Value Added (2)
  • 50.5 % private ownership
  • 6.5 % „The big 4“
  • public participation
  • raising acceptance
  • decentralized added value
  • regional wealth 

Ownership of Renewables in Germany

 trend:research

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slide12
Factors of Success / Challenges

Grid Connection Costs/Financing Technology

Maritime Economy Environmental Friendliness

 Stiftung Offshore Windenergie

 S. Werner

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slide13
Factor: Grid Connection
  • new: Offshore Grid Development Plan: coordination of plant construction and grid connection security of investment , damage claim against grid operator
  • new: allocation of damage claims on electricity rate possible

 Stiftung Offshore Windenergie

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slide14
Factor: Financing
  • from business to project financing
  • credits by German and European business development banks (European Investment Bank, Reconstruction Loan Corporation – KfW)
  • Feed-in Tariff: 3.5 €Cent/kWh 1.-12. year: 15 €Cent/kWh start-up before 2018: 1.-8. year: 19 €Cent/kWh additional charge >12 sea miles, >20m deep

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slide15
Factor: Technology
  • development of wind energy plants 3rd generation
  • development of foundation more cost efficiency
  • German Energy Research Program with focus on offshore technology and grid connection

FINO 3 Test platform in the North Sea as basis for research and development of technology

www.fino3.de/en/

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slide16
Factor: Maritime Economy
  • fostering cooperation by launching a working committee in May 2010 carried by the Federal Ministry of Economics and the German Offshore Foundation

 BVG Associates

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slide17
Factor Environmental Friendliness
  • Environmental Impact Assessments obligatory for all offshore wind parks with more than 20 turbines
  • reduction of noise level while ramming (235 dB measured, 190 dB tip noise level aimed)
  • no marine mammals in 750 meter radius while ramming

 S. Werner

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slide18
Conclusions

 Offshore Wind Energy is an important pillar for Green Economy but only in connection with other low hanging fruits like Onshore Wind Energy

Thank you for your interest!

 Vestas

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