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Chapter 5. Ancient India and Persia. A subcontinent is a large region of land that is separated from the rest of the. continent by a mountain range or other large landform. The country of India is. an example of a subcontinent.

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Chapter 5

Ancient India

and Persia


A subcontinent is a large region of land that is separated from the rest of the



an example of a subcontinent. country of India is












or Maldives. Islands




temperatures are mild to cool, from March through May they quickly shift to very hot, and from June


through September comes the rainy season or quickly shift to very hot, and from Junemonsoon


season. quickly shift to very hot, and from June




depend on these rains for crops. full of life again. Farmers








Subsistence farming other vegetables are consists of families growing food for themselves or





This region is called the point of a “diamond.”Deccan Plateau which lies between the




Western Ghats mountains, the, and rolling mountains, the Eastern Ghats. Each of these



















and even garbage collection. large public bath














she was. Priests and teachers, or with who he orbrahmins held high positions in society. Warriors,



cultivators – artisans, traders, and merchants. The a group called thesudras or serfs were given





that can be found in South Asia today is cultureZoroastrianism a religion that



enemy of evil. supreme and the





the decimal. digits, zero, and


Hinduism digits, zero, and is the main religion of India, and one of the world’s oldest religions.


The digits, zero, andRig Veda is the oldest of the vedas. Some hindus recognize only one


universal being, digits, zero, andBrahman, the source and final destination of everything.


Hindus believe in digits, zero, and dharma the order of the universe and reincarnation the




social group he or she is born into.

brahmins

Kshatryas

Shudras

Vaishyas













were considered polluted. as worthy beings








Meditation during is a way of clearing the mind, and enlightenment is a state of pure



Truths during of human suffering which are: 1.Suffering is part of all people’s lives.





The Eightfold Path path.is as way of living for Buddhists to find relief from



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