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Poster Assignment Recap. Step 1: choose a topic Step 2: choose a paper: must have a hormone measure/manipulation must have a behaviour measure/manipulation Step 3: read the paper very carefully! You should understand everything about this paper, and be able to explain simply

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Poster assignment recap
Poster Assignment Recap

  • Step 1: choose a topic

  • Step 2: choose a paper:

    • must have a hormone measure/manipulation

    • must have a behaviour measure/manipulation

  • Step 3: read the paper very carefully! You should understand everything about this paper, and be able to explain simply

  • Step 4: make your poster

  • Step 5: practice your talk (5 minutes max!)


Poster judging
Poster Judging

  • Each of you will judge 3 posters during the times when they are not presenting

  • You will get the names of the three posters at the conference

  • You will fill in a form to rank the posters you visit

  • You will also write up and turn in a summary of each poster (one page per poster) that includes at least three questions you asked at the poster and the replies that you got

  • Due date is the last class (Dec 6)







Vasopressin vp1 receptor
Vasopressin (VP1) receptor intact

Meadow vole Prairie Vole

Ventral pallidum – important for reinforcement, reward, addiction


Transfection study
Transfection study intact

  • Insert excess V1a gene into the ventral pallidum of prairie voles

    VP staining:

  • reporter gene (LacZ) only

  • V1a

  • Additional control was extra V1a in striatum (CP)


Transfection study1
Transfection Study intact

  • VP V1a over-expression:

  • Increase in social behaviour overall

  • Pair-bonding even without mating

  • Agrees with antagonist studies



LH intact

+

Predation

-

-

VMN

+

AH

-

+

dorsal

PAG

The two systems are mutually exclusive

+

Defensive Aggression


Predatory aggression feeding
Predatory Aggression (Feeding) intact

Hypothalamus lateral hypothalamus (LH) stimulation elicits predatory attack

Medial amygdala stimulation inhibits predation via LH

Periaqueductal gray (PAG) stimulation also inhibits predation


Defensive aggression
Defensive Aggression intact

  • Stimulation of the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN) produces components of defensive aggression

  • Lesions of anterior hypothalamus (AH) prevents VMN effects

  • PAG stimulation also elicits defensive aggression

  • Medial or basal amygdala stimulation facilitates attacks via VMH

  • Central amygdala stimulation inhibits attacks via PAG


Social aggression
Social Aggression intact

  • These forms of aggression can be distinguised from social aggression

  • Mostly done in mice and rats

  • Different neural substrates:

    olfactory bulbs (chemosensory cues)

    basolateral amygdala

    medial amygdala (but only if fighting experience)

    septum

    medial hypothalamus

    raphe nuclei (primary 5HT site)


Androgens in hyena dominance
Androgens in Hyena Dominance intact

  • Adult females have high levels as well, but still less than or similar to male

  • Androgen levels are strongly correlated with status within sexes


Challenge effects
Challenge Effects intact

  • Just like birds and mice

  • Seems to require some sort of effort or “ego investment”

  • Tennis vs Fan vs Lottery


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