Benjamin Franklin. Inventor, Scientist, Founding Father 1706 – 1790 Published Poor Richard’s Almanack ; sayings in his book helped shape the American character, such as “early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.
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William Penn established a colony in North America as a refuge for Quakers. The land grant from the King was called “Pennsylvania” or Penn’s Woods. Supported toleration of the Native Americans, freedom of worship, welcomed immigrants, and did not require citizens to serve in the militia.
Believed that each person was equal and allowed them to elect their own government officials.
First written constitution in the colonies; document that people had the right to elect governors, judges, and a legislature. Was written by the people; the fact that it was written down gave the document credibility.
British Parliament law; colonists were forbidden to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains, *Britain wanted a buffer zone between the colonists and the Native Americans, but the colonists wanted to settle the fertile Ohio River Valley
All states have representation in Congress, which sets taxes
King has absolute power
Congress has the power to override Presidential veto
Colonists not allowed to speak out against the King
1st Amendment – Freedom of Speech
Quartering Act forced colonists to house troops
3rd Amendment – No quartering of Troops
allowed homes to be searched without warrants
4th Amendment – No unwarranted search & seizure
No trial by jury of peers
6th amendment—Speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury
7th amendment—Right of trial by jury
Unalienable Rights Independence and how those grievances were addressed in the U.S. Constitution
Fundamental rights, or natural rights, guaranteed to people naturally instead of by the law.
In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson said these are the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Civil Disobedience Independence and how those grievances were addressed in the U.S. Constitution
The concept of refusing to follow laws within a community or ignoring the policies and government of a state or a nation when a person considers the laws unjust.*Refusing to follow laws considered to be unlawful and/or unconstitutional.
*Examples include boycotts, protests, refusal to pay taxes
*Boston Tea Party is an example of civil disobedience