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Hazardous Materials Operations N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008 Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”. November 01, 2009. Objective After Completing this Course, the Student will Demonstrate a Knowledge of Hazardous Materials Practices and Procedures in Accordance with N.F.P.A. 472-2008

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Hazardous Materials Operations

N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008

Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”

November 01, 2009


Objective

After Completing this Course, the Student will

Demonstrate a Knowledge of Hazardous

Materials Practices and Procedures in

Accordance with N.F.P.A. 472-2008

Operational Mission Specific

“Product Control”

with 70% Accuracy on a Written Exam

Hazardous Materials Operations

N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008

Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”


Module 5Mission-SpecificResponsibilitiesProduct Control

NFPA 6.6


Product Control

  • Introduction

    • Operations Level

    • Assigned to perform:

      Product Control

    • Competent to Implement:

      • Product Control Measures

NFPA 6.6.1.1.1 / 6.6.1.1.2 / 6.6.1.1.3 / 6.6.1.1.4


Important Note

  • Some information may be taken from

    Chapter 7: Hazardous Materials Technician

  • Operations Level may be asked to perform at

    this level but Do Not Replace HMT.

  • Direct Guidance:Working under control

    of an HMT continually being assessed / feedback

NFPA 6.6.1.1.3


Product Control

  • Written Guidance:

    • Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

    • Standard Operating Guidance (SOGs)

      • “Rules of Engagement” at Operations Level

  • Task expected of Operations Level Responders

  • Task beyond the capability of Operations Level Responders

  • Required PPE and equipment to perform these expected task

  • Procedures for ensuring coordination within the local ICS

  • NFPA 6.6.1.1.3


    • Goal

      • The goal of the competencies in this section shall be to provide the operations level responder assigned to product control at hazardous materials / WMD incidents with the knowledge and skills to perform the task in 6.6.1.2.2 safely and effectively.

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.1


    Product Control

    When responding to hazardous materials / WMD

    incidents, the operations level responder

    assigned to perform product control shall be able

    to perform the following tasks:

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2


    • Goal

      • Analyze

      • Plan

      • Implement

      • Evaluate

      • Terminate

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2


    Product Control

    Plan an initial response within the capabilities

    and competencies of available personnel,

    personal protective equipment, and control

    equipment and in accordance with the emergency

    response plan or standard operating procedures

    by completing the following tasks:

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)


    Describe the control options available to the operations level responder

    Product Control

    Describe the control options available to the operations level responder.

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(a)


    Product Control

    Describe the control options available to the operations level responder.

    Have a Plan

    Have a solution that can be employed quickly and safely while minimizing the potential negative effects on people, property and the environment

    Remember the “Processes Choices”

    “Eight Step” “DECIDE” “GEDAPER” “APIE-T”

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(a)


    Product Control

    Describe the control options available for

    flammable liquid and flammable gas incidents.

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(b)


    Product Control

    Describe the control options available for

    flammable liquid and flammable gas incidents.

    The Incident Commander will have many options available concerning liquids and gases.

    Keep in mind at the Operational level, some of these options are limited.

    Decisions should be made based on the information gathered during the chosen Process decided on by the Authority Having Jurisdiction

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(b)


    Product Control

    Implement the planned response to a hazardous materials / WMD incident.

    NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(2)


    Mission-Specific Responsibilities

    Product ControlPlanning the Response

    NFPA 6.6.3


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Given examples of hazardous materials / WMD

    incidents, the operations level responder assigned to

    perform product control shall identify the options for

    each response objective and shall meet the following

    requirements as prescribed by the AHJ:

    NFPA 6.6.3.1


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the options to accomplish a

    given response objective.

    The goal of “Product Control” involves controlling the product that has already been released from its container. In other words: spill control minimizes the amount of contact the product makes with people, property, and the environment by limiting or confining the dispersion and / or reducing the amount of harm caused by contact with the material.

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(1)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Absorption

    “Think Sponge” pulling product into a medium – booms, speedy dry

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Absorption

    Example of absorption is soaking an wooden

    axe head in water to make the handle swell.

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Adsorption

    “Think Tape” adhering of a product to the surface of a medium – duct tape, charcoal

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(b)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Damming

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(c)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Diking

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(d)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Dilution

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(e)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Diversion

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(f)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Remote

    Valve Shutoff

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(g)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Retention

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(h)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Vapor

    Dispersion

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(i)


    Product Control

    Identifying Control Options 

    Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

    equipment, and safety precautions associated with

    each of the following control techniques:

    Vapor Suppression

    NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(j)


    Product Control

    Selecting Personal Protective Equipment 

    The operations level responder assigned to perform

    product control shall select the personal protective

    Equipment required to support product control at

    hazardous materials / WMD incidents based on

    local procedures.

    (see Section 6.2)

    NFPA 6.6.3.2


    Mission-Specific Responsibilities

    Product ControlImplementing the Planned Response

    NFPA 6.6.4


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Given an incident action plan for a hazardous

    materials / WMD incident, within the capabilities

    and equipment provided by the AHJ, the

    Operations level responder assigned to perform

    product control shall demonstrate control

    functions set out in the plan and shall meet the

    following requirements as prescribed by the AHJ:

    NFPA 6.6.4.1


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Using the type of special purpose or hazard

    suppressing foams or agents and foam equipment

    furnished by the AHJ, demonstrate the application of

    the foam(s) or agent(s) on a spill or fire involving

    hazardous materials / WMD.

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(1)


    Product Control

    Class A Fires

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)


    Product Control

    Class B Fires

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)


    Product Control

    Class C Fires

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)


    Product Control

    Foam Concentrates – General Considerations

    Foam concentrates must match fuel

    to which it is applied

    Class A foams not designed to extinguish

    Class B fires

    Class B foams designed solely for

    hydrocarbon fires will not extinguish

    Polar Solvent fires

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)


    Product Control

    Class A Foam

    For Class A Fires (Ordinary Combustibles)

    Increasingly used in both:

    wildland and structural fire fighting

    Special formulation of hydrocarbon surfactants

    AeratedClass Afoam coats, insulates fuels

    preventing Pyrolysis and ignition

    May be used with variety of nozzles

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options 

    Identify the characteristics and applicability of the following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

    Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF)

    Synthetic foam concentrate that, when combined with water, can form a complete vapor barrier over fuel spill and fires and is a highly effective extinguishing and blanketing agent on hydrocarbon fuels.

    Also called“Light Water”

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Class B Foam

    Used to prevent ignition of / or extinguish fires

    involving flammable and combustible liquids

    Used to suppress vapors from

    un-ignited spills of these liquids

    Several types of Class B foam concentrates available

    Manufactured from synthetic or protein base

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Class B Foam

    Un-ignited spills do not require

    same application rates as ignited spills

    To be most effective;

    Blanket of foam 4 inches (100 mm) thick

    should be applied to fuel surface

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(b)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Identify the characteristics and applicability of the

    following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

    Alcohol-Resistant Concentrates

    Polar Solvents

    Flammable Liquids that have an attraction

    for water much like a positive magnetic pole

    attracts a negative pole.

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(b)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Class B Foam

    May be proportioned into the fire stream through fixed system, apparatus-mounted system, or by portable foam proportioning equipment

    Foams such asAFFFandFFFPfoam may be applied with standard fog nozzles or air-aspirating foam nozzles

    Rate of application depends on several factors

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(b)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Identify the characteristics and applicability of the following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

    Fluoroprotein

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(c)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Identify the characteristics and applicability of the following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

    High-Expansion Foam

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(d)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)


    Product Control

    Compressed-Air Foam Systems (CAFS)

    Standard centrifugal pump supplies water; direct-injection;

    foam-proportioning system mixes foam solution with water on

    discharge side of pump; onboard air compressor adds air to mix

    before discharging from engine

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)


    Performing

    Control Activities  

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Absorption

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(a)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(a)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Adsorption

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(b)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(b)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Damming

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)


    Product Control

    Damming

    Overflow Dam

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)


    Product Control

    Damming

    Underflow Dam

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options 

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Diking

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(d)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(d)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Dilution

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(e)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(e)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options 

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Diversion

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(f)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Retention

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(g)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(g)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options  

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Remote Valve Shutoff

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(h)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Vapor Dispersion

    The action taken

    to direct or

    influence the

    course of

    Airborne

    Hazardous

    Materials

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(i)


    Product Control

    Leak Control / Containment Tactics

    Patching / Plugging

    Overpacking

    Product Transfer

    Crimping

    Valve Actuation

    Vacuuming

    Pressure Isolation and Reduction

    Solidification

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(i)


    Product Control

    Product Transfer – Bonding / Grounding

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(i)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

    how to perform the following control activities:

    Vapor Suppression

    Blanketing: Both with liquids and / or solids

    Solids may be covered with tarps, plastic,

    salvage cover or even foam.

    Must ensure product compatibility with cover

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(j)


    Product Control

    Using Liquid or Foam

    On Liquid Fuels: the water or foam blanket prevents or reduces the release of flammable vapors from the surface of the fuel

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(j)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options 

    Identify the location and describe the use of emergency remote shutoff devices on

    MC / DOT-306/406, MC / DOT-307/407

    and MC-331 cargo tanks containing flammable

    liquids or gases.

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(4)


    Product Control

    Performing Control Options

    Describe the use of emergency remote shutoff devices at fixed facilities.

    When contemplating using “Remote

    Shutoffs” the most important document to

    refer to is the “Pre-Incident Plan” and

    communications with the“Site Manager”.

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)


    Product Control

    NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)


    Product Control

    The operations level responder assigned to

    perform product control shall describe local

    procedures for going through the technical

    decontamination process.

    Must know LERP / SOP’s / SOG’s

    Consider all who come out of Hot Zone as Contaminated. Refer to Modules 2 and 3

    (Chapter 6: 6.3 and 6.4)

    NFPA 6.6.4.2


    Module 5 – Practical Application

    Skill Sheets Must be Completed

    AHJ needs to practice several various scenarios that allows student to meet skills.

    ie. Damming, Diking, Diverting

    Over-Pack Drum, Fire Extinguishers, Foam Application

    NFPA 6.6.



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