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Hazardous Materials Operations N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008 Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”. November 01, 2009. Objective After Completing this Course, the Student will Demonstrate a Knowledge of Hazardous Materials Practices and Procedures in Accordance with N.F.P.A. 472-2008

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slide1

Hazardous Materials Operations

N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008

Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”

November 01, 2009

slide2

Objective

After Completing this Course, the Student will

Demonstrate a Knowledge of Hazardous

Materials Practices and Procedures in

Accordance with N.F.P.A. 472-2008

Operational Mission Specific

“Product Control”

with 70% Accuracy on a Written Exam

Hazardous Materials Operations

N.F.P.A. 472 – 2008

Chapters 6 “Mission Specific”

slide4

Product Control

  • Introduction
      • Operations Level
      • Assigned to perform:

Product Control

      • Competent to Implement:
          • Product Control Measures

NFPA 6.6.1.1.1 / 6.6.1.1.2 / 6.6.1.1.3 / 6.6.1.1.4

slide5

Important Note

  • Some information may be taken from

Chapter 7: Hazardous Materials Technician

  • Operations Level may be asked to perform at

this level but Do Not Replace HMT.

  • Direct Guidance:Working under control

of an HMT continually being assessed / feedback

NFPA 6.6.1.1.3

slide6

Product Control

  • Written Guidance:
      • Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)
      • Standard Operating Guidance (SOGs)
        • “Rules of Engagement” at Operations Level
  • Task expected of Operations Level Responders
  • Task beyond the capability of Operations Level Responders
  • Required PPE and equipment to perform these expected task
  • Procedures for ensuring coordination within the local ICS

NFPA 6.6.1.1.3

slide7

Goal

    • The goal of the competencies in this section shall be to provide the operations level responder assigned to product control at hazardous materials / WMD incidents with the knowledge and skills to perform the task in 6.6.1.2.2 safely and effectively.

NFPA 6.6.1.2.1

slide8

Product Control

When responding to hazardous materials / WMD

incidents, the operations level responder

assigned to perform product control shall be able

to perform the following tasks:

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2

slide9

Goal

      • Analyze
      • Plan
      • Implement
      • Evaluate
      • Terminate

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2

slide10

Product Control

Plan an initial response within the capabilities

and competencies of available personnel,

personal protective equipment, and control

equipment and in accordance with the emergency

response plan or standard operating procedures

by completing the following tasks:

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)

describe the control options available to the operations level responder

Product Control

Describe the control options available to the operations level responder.

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(a)

slide12

Product Control

Describe the control options available to the operations level responder.

Have a Plan

Have a solution that can be employed quickly and safely while minimizing the potential negative effects on people, property and the environment

Remember the “Processes Choices”

“Eight Step” “DECIDE” “GEDAPER” “APIE-T”

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(a)

slide13

Product Control

Describe the control options available for

flammable liquid and flammable gas incidents.

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(b)

slide14

Product Control

Describe the control options available for

flammable liquid and flammable gas incidents.

The Incident Commander will have many options available concerning liquids and gases.

Keep in mind at the Operational level, some of these options are limited.

Decisions should be made based on the information gathered during the chosen Process decided on by the Authority Having Jurisdiction

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(1)(b)

slide15

Product Control

Implement the planned response to a hazardous materials / WMD incident.

NFPA 6.6.1.2.2(2)

slide16

Mission-Specific Responsibilities

Product ControlPlanning the Response

NFPA 6.6.3

slide17

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Given examples of hazardous materials / WMD

incidents, the operations level responder assigned to

perform product control shall identify the options for

each response objective and shall meet the following

requirements as prescribed by the AHJ:

NFPA 6.6.3.1

slide18

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the options to accomplish a

given response objective.

The goal of “Product Control” involves controlling the product that has already been released from its container. In other words: spill control minimizes the amount of contact the product makes with people, property, and the environment by limiting or confining the dispersion and / or reducing the amount of harm caused by contact with the material.

NFPA 6.6.3.1(1)

slide19

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Absorption

“Think Sponge” pulling product into a medium – booms, speedy dry

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(a)

slide20

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Absorption

Example of absorption is soaking an wooden

axe head in water to make the handle swell.

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(a)

slide21

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Adsorption

“Think Tape” adhering of a product to the surface of a medium – duct tape, charcoal

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(b)

slide22

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Damming

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(c)

slide23

Product Control

Identifying Control Options

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Diking

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(d)

slide24

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Dilution

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(e)

slide25

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Diversion

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(f)

slide26

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Remote

Valve Shutoff

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(g)

slide27

Product Control

Identifying Control Options

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Retention

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(h)

slide28

Product Control

Identifying Control Options

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Vapor

Dispersion

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(i)

slide29

Product Control

Identifying Control Options 

Identify the purpose for and the procedures,

equipment, and safety precautions associated with

each of the following control techniques:

Vapor Suppression

NFPA 6.6.3.1(2)(j)

slide30

Product Control

Selecting Personal Protective Equipment 

The operations level responder assigned to perform

product control shall select the personal protective

Equipment required to support product control at

hazardous materials / WMD incidents based on

local procedures.

(see Section 6.2)

NFPA 6.6.3.2

slide31

Mission-Specific Responsibilities

Product ControlImplementing the Planned Response

NFPA 6.6.4

slide32

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Given an incident action plan for a hazardous

materials / WMD incident, within the capabilities

and equipment provided by the AHJ, the

Operations level responder assigned to perform

product control shall demonstrate control

functions set out in the plan and shall meet the

following requirements as prescribed by the AHJ:

NFPA 6.6.4.1

slide33

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Using the type of special purpose or hazard

suppressing foams or agents and foam equipment

furnished by the AHJ, demonstrate the application of

the foam(s) or agent(s) on a spill or fire involving

hazardous materials / WMD.

NFPA 6.6.4.1(1)

slide34

Product Control

Class A Fires

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)

slide35

Product Control

Class B Fires

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)

slide36

Product Control

Class C Fires

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)

slide37

Product Control

Foam Concentrates – General Considerations

Foam concentrates must match fuel

to which it is applied

Class A foams not designed to extinguish

Class B fires

Class B foams designed solely for

hydrocarbon fires will not extinguish

Polar Solvent fires

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)

slide38

Product Control

Class A Foam

For Class A Fires (Ordinary Combustibles)

Increasingly used in both:

wildland and structural fire fighting

Special formulation of hydrocarbon surfactants

AeratedClass Afoam coats, insulates fuels

preventing Pyrolysis and ignition

May be used with variety of nozzles

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)

slide39

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide40

Product Control

Performing Control Options 

Identify the characteristics and applicability of the following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF)

Synthetic foam concentrate that, when combined with water, can form a complete vapor barrier over fuel spill and fires and is a highly effective extinguishing and blanketing agent on hydrocarbon fuels.

Also called“Light Water”

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide41

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide42

Product Control

Class B Foam

Used to prevent ignition of / or extinguish fires

involving flammable and combustible liquids

Used to suppress vapors from

un-ignited spills of these liquids

Several types of Class B foam concentrates available

Manufactured from synthetic or protein base

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide43

Product Control

Class B Foam

Un-ignited spills do not require

same application rates as ignited spills

To be most effective;

Blanket of foam 4 inches (100 mm) thick

should be applied to fuel surface

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(b)

slide44

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Identify the characteristics and applicability of the

following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

Alcohol-Resistant Concentrates

Polar Solvents

Flammable Liquids that have an attraction

for water much like a positive magnetic pole

attracts a negative pole.

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(b)

slide45

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide46

Product Control

Class B Foam

May be proportioned into the fire stream through fixed system, apparatus-mounted system, or by portable foam proportioning equipment

Foams such asAFFFandFFFPfoam may be applied with standard fog nozzles or air-aspirating foam nozzles

Rate of application depends on several factors

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(b)

slide47

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Identify the characteristics and applicability of the following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

Fluoroprotein

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(c)

slide48

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide49

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Identify the characteristics and applicability of the following Class B foams if supplied by the AHJ:

High-Expansion Foam

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(d)

slide50

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)(a)

slide51

Product Control

Compressed-Air Foam Systems (CAFS)

Standard centrifugal pump supplies water; direct-injection;

foam-proportioning system mixes foam solution with water on

discharge side of pump; onboard air compressor adds air to mix

before discharging from engine

NFPA 6.6.4.1(2)

slide52

Performing

Control Activities  

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)

slide53

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Absorption

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(a)

slide54

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(a)

slide55

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Adsorption

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(b)

slide56

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(b)

slide57

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Damming

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)

slide58

Product Control

Damming

Overflow Dam

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)

slide59

Product Control

Damming

Underflow Dam

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)

slide60

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(c)

slide62

Product Control

Performing Control Options 

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Diking

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(d)

slide63

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(d)

slide66

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Dilution

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(e)

slide67

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(e)

slide68

Product Control

Performing Control Options 

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Diversion

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(f)

slide72

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Retention

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(g)

slide73

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(g)

slide74

Product Control

Performing Control Options  

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Remote Valve Shutoff

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(h)

slide75

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Vapor Dispersion

The action taken

to direct or

influence the

course of

Airborne

Hazardous

Materials

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(i)

slide76

Product Control

Leak Control / Containment Tactics

Patching / Plugging

Overpacking

Product Transfer

Crimping

Valve Actuation

Vacuuming

Pressure Isolation and Reduction

Solidification

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(i)

slide77

Product Control

Product Transfer – Bonding / Grounding

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(i)

slide78

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Given the required tools and equipment, demonstrate

how to perform the following control activities:

Vapor Suppression

Blanketing: Both with liquids and / or solids

Solids may be covered with tarps, plastic,

salvage cover or even foam.

Must ensure product compatibility with cover

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(j)

slide79

Product Control

Using Liquid or Foam

On Liquid Fuels: the water or foam blanket prevents or reduces the release of flammable vapors from the surface of the fuel

NFPA 6.6.4.1(3)(j)

slide80

Product Control

Performing Control Options 

Identify the location and describe the use of emergency remote shutoff devices on

MC / DOT-306/406, MC / DOT-307/407

and MC-331 cargo tanks containing flammable

liquids or gases.

NFPA 6.6.4.1(4)

slide89

Product Control

Performing Control Options

Describe the use of emergency remote shutoff devices at fixed facilities.

When contemplating using “Remote

Shutoffs” the most important document to

refer to is the “Pre-Incident Plan” and

communications with the“Site Manager”.

NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)

slide90

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)

slide91

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)

slide92

Product Control

NFPA 6.6.4.1(5)

slide93

Product Control

The operations level responder assigned to

perform product control shall describe local

procedures for going through the technical

decontamination process.

Must know LERP / SOP’s / SOG’s

Consider all who come out of Hot Zone as Contaminated. Refer to Modules 2 and 3

(Chapter 6: 6.3 and 6.4)

NFPA 6.6.4.2

slide94

Module 5 – Practical Application

Skill Sheets Must be Completed

AHJ needs to practice several various scenarios that allows student to meet skills.

ie. Damming, Diking, Diverting

Over-Pack Drum, Fire Extinguishers, Foam Application

NFPA 6.6.

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