British Columbia Umpire
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British Columbia Umpire's Association. British Columbia Umpire's Association Clinic Overview Level 1-2. 8:30 – 9:45 Introductions, Basic Rules 9:45 – 9:55 Break 9:55 – 11:05 Basic Field Mechanics 11: 30 – 11:45 Break 11:45 – 12:30 2 man mechanics (field or Classroom)

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British Columbia Umpire's Association

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British columbia umpire s association

British Columbia Umpire's Association


British columbia umpire s association

British Columbia Umpire's Association

Clinic Overview Level 1-2

8:30 – 9:45Introductions, Basic Rules

9:45 – 9:55Break

9:55 – 11:05 Basic Field Mechanics

11: 30 – 11:45Break

11:45 – 12:30 2 man mechanics (field or Classroom)

12:30 – 1:15Lunch (Level 1’s go home)

1:15 – 3:302 Man System Mechanics (field or gym)

3:30 – 3:45Break

3:45 – 4:15Questions and Wrap Up, Exam Information


British columbia umpire s association

Brian Cargnelli

Area RepresentativeThompson Okanagan

Merritt, BC

V1K 1B8

Home Phone: 250-378-6448

email: [email protected]

Web Site: www.bcbua.ca


British columbia umpire s association

Philosophy of Officiating


British columbia umpire s association

Philosophy of Officiating

  • Judges, fair and impartial

  • Must keep our wits while all others are losing theirs

  • We are not the center of attention, the players are

  • Umpires are reporters

    • Timing of calls

    • Replay calls in your mind’s eye then make the call


British columbia umpire s association

BCBUA Dress Code

  • Shoes: Black

  • Socks: Black or Navy

  • Pants: Heather Gray

  • Shirt: Navy, Powder Blue or Black MLB style

  • Undershirt: Red (Navy or Black), Navy (Powder)

  • Hat: Dark Blue or Black Umpire Style

  • Ball Bag:Black or Navy

  • Go to Value Village for most of this stuff (less than $20.00)


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Strike Zone


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Strike Zone


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules

  • StrikeZone

    • Use the plate as a guide, at least 1 ball width off the corners

    • Use under the elbows (catchers head)

    • Use the catchers knees as a guide

  • Catch

    • only defensive players

    • Must have control of their body

    • Voluntary release

      • The act of trying to throw the ball is voluntary release

      • forget the myths


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules

  • Fair – Foul Balls

    • In the infield, a ball is fair or foul the moment it stops moving or is touched

    • If a ball leaves the infield on the ground, it is judged fair or foul by its position when it leaves the infield

    • A ball hit directly to the outfield is fair or foul the moment it touches anything

  • Foul Tip (bat)

    • Still looks like a pitch

    • Sharp and direct from the bat to the catcher’s hand or glove 1st, then caught by the catcher

    • Ball is “live”, runners may advance


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules

  • Force Play

    • Runner must go to next base because Batter has become a runner and must go to 1st

    • Can touch the base with any part of the body

    • Can also “tag” the runner with the ball in hand or glove

    • No runs if 3rd out is a force

  • Tag Play

    • Must touch runner with the ball in hand or glove when runner is off the base


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules

  • Infield Fly

    • Runners at 1st, 2ndor 1st, 2nd, 3rd

    • Less than two out

    • Must be easily caught by an infielder

    • Can be caught by an outfielder


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules

  • Infield Fly

    • Runners at 1st, 2ndor 1st, 2nd, 3rd

    • Less than two out

    • Must be easily caught by an infielder

    • Can be caught by an outfielder

  • Overthrows

    • Pitcher (must be on rubber) - 1 base

    • Infielder 1st play - 2 bases from TOP base

      • exception when BR and all other runners are at least one base beyond TOP base when 1st play happens

    • Outfielder - 2 bases from time of throw (when the ball is released) not when the ball goes out of play


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules

  • If a ball becomes lodged in the umpire’s or catchers equipment

    • 1 base if a pitched ball

    • 2 bases if thrown

  • Batter hit by pitch

    • Batter goes to first

    • All other runners return unless forced


British columbia umpire s association

Handling the Tough Situations


British columbia umpire s association

Handling the Tough Situations

  • No abuse no excuses

  • Coaches are responsible for the actions of fans and players

  • profanity, touching, threats or personal comments are grounds for immediate ejections

  • You must write an ejection report

  • Don’t take the situation too seriously

  • Do phone your UIC for help


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - be Aware of what's

going on around you!


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Running the Bases

  • Touching bases in order (1-2-3-home)

    • missed bases (appeals)

      • Can be a force out, runs????

    • runners passing other runners

      • Signal interference, see what happens, runner who passed is out and all other runners return to TOP base unless forced

  • Runner leaves to early or fails to retouch after a fly ball caught

    • Not a running start

    • Can not retouch if touches the next base and the ball becomes dead

    • Appeal must be obvious

    • is a time play, not a force

    • Runs may score ahead of the appealed runner


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

Four types:

  • Offensive

    • runner being hit by a fair batted ball

    • batter interference

    • runner breaking up a double play

  • Defensive

    • catcher’s interference

  • Umpire

    • being hit by fair batted ball

    • getting in way of catcher’s throw

  • Spectator

    • Spectator Land vs. Player Land


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

  • Offensive

    • Runner hit by fair batted ball before infielder has a chance to play it

      • Signal interference

      • call time

      • runner is out

      • all other runners return unless forced due to B-R going to first

      • If interference was to break up double play, call B-R out too


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

  • Offensive

    • Double play ball, R1 intentionally tries to break up the double play at second

      • Time is called immediately

      • R1 is out and call B-R out for actions of R1


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

  • Batter Interference

    • Signal interference

    • wait and see what happens

    • if runner is thrown out then ignore the interference

    • otherwise call batter out and return all runners to TOP base


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

  • Defensive (Catcher’s) Interference

    • Signal the interference

    • Let the play continue

    • If all runners including the Batter-Runner reach 1 base safely beyond TOP base, ignore the interference

    • If not, place BR at 1st and all other runners return unless forced or they were stealing on the play

    • Offense has the option on this play


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

  • Umpire Interference

    • Umpire is hit by fair batted ball before infielder has a chance to play the ball

      • Call Time, signal interference, place B-R at 1st and return all other runners to TOP base unless forced

    • Plate umpire interferes with catchers throw

      • Signal interference, wait to see what happens, if runner is out ignore, if not call time and return all runners to TOP base


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Interference

  • Spectator Interference

    • Two areas: Player land, Spectator land

    • If player goes into Spectator land, then they are on their own

    • If a spectator goes into Player Land and interferes with a play then we have Spectator interference

      • Signal Spectator Interference

      • Call time

      • Position runners where you think they would have gone if no interference occurred


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Obstruction

  • The defense gets in the way of the offense, usually when they are running

  • On all types of obstruction, signal obstruction right away

    • Play being made on runner

      • Call time right away

      • Position runners where you think they would have gotten to

    • No play being made on runner

      • Time delayed

      • Protect runner to base where you think they should have gotten if no obstruction

      • Runner is on their own if they try to go beyond this base


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Balks

  • Can use Full Windup or Set Position (must come to a stop if uses set position)

  • 3 things a pitcher CAN do while on the rubber

    • Pitch (step directly towards the plate)

    • Step directly towards and throw to a base (occupied or to make a play)

      • fake towards 2nd and 3rd, but must throw to 1st

    • Step off the rubber (directly back, not off to a side)


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Bating Out of Order

  • Say nothing (including the score keeper)

  • Appeal by defensive team

  • Timing is important

  • Before turn at bat is complete

  • Put correct batter in box

  • After improper batter but prior to next pitch

  • Proper batter is out

  • Return all runners

  • Any outs on the play stand

  • Next batter is one after batter that is called out

  • After pitch to next batter

  • Improper batter is legal


British columbia umpire s association

Basic Rules - Bating Out of Order


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