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A Unified Theory of Information. Information based upon Self-Organisation Wolfgang Hofkirchner Vienna University of Technology. A New Information Concept. Requirements Concepts The Unifying Perspective 3.1 Information (in general) 3.2 Information (concrete) 3.2.1 Dimensions

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a unified theory of information

A Unified Theory of Information

Information based upon Self-Organisation

Wolfgang Hofkirchner

Vienna University of Technology

a new information concept
A New Information Concept
  • Requirements
  • Concepts
  • The Unifying Perspective

3.1 Information (in general)

3.2 Information (concrete)

3.2.1 Dimensions

3.2.2 Types

3.2.3 Categories (Dimensions and Types Cross-Tabled)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

1 requirements for a unified concept
1 Requirements for a Unified Concept

A flexible, unity-in-diversity-like concept is needed

  • as general as necessary to comprise the whole diversity of manifestations (genus proximum)
  • as concrete as possible to fit the most particular manifestation (differentia specifica)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

2 information concepts
2 Information Concepts

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 the unifying perspective
3 The Unifying Perspective

Information-generating systems are self-organising systems

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general
3.1 Information (in general)

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: a self-organising system
  • The difference outside: a change in the “control parameter” (critical value)
  • The difference inside: a change in the “order parameter” brought about by the very process of self-organisation

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in self organisation terms
3.1 Information (in general) in Self-Organisation Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in self organisation terms1
3.1 Information (in general) in Self-Organisation Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: a self-organising system

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in self organisation terms2
3.1 Information (in general) in Self-Organisation Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: a self-organising system
  • The difference outside: a change in the “control parameter” (critical value)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in self organisation terms3
3.1 Information (in general) in Self-Organisation Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: a self-organising system
  • The difference outside: a change in the “control parameter” (critical value)
  • The difference inside: a change in the “order parameter” brought about by the very process of self-organisation

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in semiotic terms
3.1 Information (in general) in Semiotic Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in semiotic terms1
3.1 Information (in general) in Semiotic Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: the signmaker (signator)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in semiotic terms2
3.1 Information (in general) in Semiotic Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: the signmaker (signator)
  • The difference outside: the “object” to be/signified (signandum/signatum)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 1 information in general in semiotic terms3
3.1 Information (in general) in Semiotic Terms

The system allows a difference in its environment/co-systems/supersystem to make a difference to itself

  • The system: the signmaker (signator)
  • The difference outside: the “object” to be/signified (signandum/signatum)
  • The difference inside: the sign (signans)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 information concrete
3.2 Information (concrete)

Information processes vary due to the respective self-organisation process:

  • Dimensions
  • Types
  • Categories (dimensions and types cross-tabled)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 1 dimensions
Self-organisation Dimensions:

Individual

Interactional

Integrational

Information Generation Dimensions:

Cognitive

Communicative

Co-operative

3.2.1 Dimensions:

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 1 dimensions process of self organisation
3.2.1 Dimensions:Process of Self-Organisation

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 1 dimensions cognitive information
3.2.1 Dimensions:Cognitive Information

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 1 dimensions communicative information
3.2.1 Dimensions:Communicative Information

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 1 dimensions co operative information
3.2.1 Dimensions:Co-operative Information

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 2 types
Self-organisation Types:

Dissipation

Autopoiesis

Re-creation

Information Generation Types:

Pattern Formation

Formation of Survival Functions

Formation of HumanExpectations

3.2.2 Types

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 2 types pattern formation
3.2.2 Types:Pattern Formation

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 2 types formation of survival functions
3.2.2 Types: Formation of (Survival) Functions

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 2 types formation of human expectations
3.2.2 Types: Formation of (Human) Expectations

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 3 categories
3.2.3 Categories

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 3 cognisability
3.2.3 Cognisability
  • In dissipative systemsReflectivity: “REFLECTION” (protosemiotic echoes)
  • In autopoietic systemsPsyche: “FLEXIBLE RESPONSE” (parasyntactic sensation – para-semanticopragmatic motivation)
  • In re-creative systemsConsciousness: “IDEA” (syntactic data – semantic knowledge – pragmatic wisdom)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 3 communicability
3.2.3 Communicability
  • In dissipative systemsCoherency: “COHERENCE”(protosemiotic resonances)
  • In autopoietic systemsSignalability: “ANTICIPATION” (para-syntactic re-presentation – para-semanticopragmatic reorientation)
  • In re-creative systemsLanguageability: “UNDERSTANDING” (syntactic expressive tuning – semantic indicative tuning – pragmatic appellative tuning)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

3 2 3 co operability
3.2.3 Co-operability
  • In dissipative systemsCohesiveness: “COHESION” (protosemiotic collectives)
  • In autopoietic systemsOrganicity: “ORGANIC ORGANISATION” (para-syntactic specialisation – para-semanticopragmatic complementation)
  • In re-creative systemsSociability: “SENSE” (syntactic coordination – semantic collaboration – pragmatic consensualisation)

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Vienna University of Technology

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