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世纪商务英语综合教程 III. 返回. Unit 8 Globalization. http://www.dutpgz.cn. Marketing. Today’s business environment is characterized with the increasing connectivity of economies and ways of life

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Unit 8 globalization

世纪商务英语综合教程 III

返回

www.themegallery.com

Unit 8Globalization

http://www.dutpgz.cn


Marketing

Marketing

Today’s business environment is characterized with the

increasing connectivity of economies and ways of life

across the world, namely, globalization. The term

globalization refers to increasing global connectivity,

integration and interdependence in the economic, social,

technological, cultural, political, and ecological spheres.

Trade globalization is the tendency of investments and

businesses to move beyond domestic markets to other markets around the globe, thereby increasing the interconnectedness of different markets. Globalization has had the effect of markedly increasing not only international trade, but also cultural exchange.

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Contents

1

1

Lead-in

1

2

Text A

3

Text B

4

Real Life Practice

5

Practical Writing

Contents

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Lead in

Contents

Listening

Discussion

Spot Dictation

Lead-in

Lead-in

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Text B

Real Life Practice

Practical Writing

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Lead in1

Lead-in

1 Listening

The speaker is talking about what factors have boosted the rapid development of globalization. Listen to the speech and fill in the missing information.

something like two years’ average industrial wages

________________________

______________________

three weeks’ average industrial wages

_______________

______________________

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Lead in2

Lead-in

1 Listening

The speaker is talking about what factors have boosted the rapid development of globalization. Listen to the speech and fill in the missing information.

something of the order of $300

___________________________

_____________________

something like a dollar

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Lead in3

Lead-in

2 Discussion

“Globalization” has become a touchy topic in recent years. How much do you know about it? Look at the following pictures and discuss with your partner the impact of globalization.

Lead-in

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Lead in4

Lead-in

3 Spot Dictation

What are the advantages of refinancing a mortgage or student loan at a lower interest rate? Read the passage and choose the best answer for each question.

It is true in lots of industries, large plants can make goods

much cheaper than small plants. And in some industries we

can see a movement towards

1 . In other words, the

minimum size of plant or the most economic size of plant is getting larger and larger.

_______________________________

increasing economies of scale

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Lead in5

Lead-in

3 Spot Dictation

Another necessary condition for globalization is the increasing homogeneity of 2 . There are an increasing number of consumers in Brazil, who have almost precisely the same set of needs and requirements as consumers in Germany. So consequently, it becomes easier for a producer to try to cater to the needs of both markets, because the 3 have now really diminished to a point where they virtually don’t exist.

_________________

consumer tastes

___________________

market differences

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Lead in6

Lead-in

3 Spot Dictation

Another explanation for globalization is

4 . Historically,

there have been barriers to trade that have been put up

by governments. Particularly since the Second World

War, inter-government bodies such as the GATT and the

World Trade Organization have really encouraged

governments to 5 , which means to remove political barriers, so that trade liberalization has been again an important necessary condition for globalization.

____________________________

the behavior of governments

__________________

liberalize trade

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Lead in7

Lead-in

3 Spot Dictation

The development of 6 is also a strong driving force behind globalization. First of all, by multinational enterprises I mean those firms that 7 in two or more countries. Now those sorts of companies dominate in the more 8

such as automobiles, consumer electronics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and so on.

I see multinationals as one of the main agents through which globalization takes place. They certainly play a major role in the movement of capital world wide. We see that 9 has been growing roughly three times as fast as total investment.

Having said that, few firms are really truly global. Most firms still remain firmly rooted in their 10 , although the number of those truly global firms is certainly increasing.

________________________

multinational corporations

_______________________________

produce and market their products

_________________________

capital intensive industries

________________________

foreign direct investment

_____________________

domestic economies

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Text a

Text A

Reading

  • Part 1

Comprehension

  • Part 2

Vocabulary

  • Part 3

Translation

  • Part 4

Sumplementary Reading

  • Part 5

Discussion

  • Part 3

Lead-in

Text A

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Real Life Practice

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Text a reading

Text A Reading

Read the passage about the WTO and answer the following questions.

1. What is the general objective of the

WTO?

2. How many countries joined the WTO?

3. What is the origin of the WTO?

4. What is the aim of GATT?

5. What is the most-favored nation status?

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Text a reading1

Text A Reading

New Words and Expressions

stability [stE5bIlIti] n. 稳定性multilateral [7mQltI5lAtErEl] a.多边的

elimination [I7lImI5neIFEn] n. 消除,消灭tariff [5tArIf] n. 关税

end [end] n. 目标administer [Ed5mInIstE] v. 管理;执行

forum [5fC:rEm] n. 论坛universally [7ju:nI5v\:sEli] ad. 普遍地

impose [Im5pEJz] v. (~on) 强加……于……homogenize [hE5m?dVEnaIz] v. 使一致

subsidy [5sQbsIdi] n. 补贴,津贴concession [kEn5seFEn] n. 让步

oversee [7EJvE5si:] v. 监视,检查customs [5kQstEmz] n.海关

transparency [trAns5pArEnsi] n. 透明,透明度regarding [rI5^B:dIN] prep. 关于

go into effect 生效provisional [prE5vIVEnEl] a. 临时的

legal [5li:^El] a. 法律的,法定的draft [drB:ft] v. 起草

in the wake of... 随……之后而来advocate [5AdvEkIt] n. 提倡者

representation [7reprIzen5teIFEn] n. 代表privilege [5prIvIlIdV] n. 特权,特别待遇

veto [5vi:tEJ] n. 否决consensus [kEn5sensEs] n. 一致同意

allow for 允许,使……可以发生adopt [E5d?pt] v. 采用

critic [5krItIk] n. 评论家treaty [5tri:ti] n.条约

Lead-in

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Text a reading2

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

1Formed in January 1995, the World Trade Organization is an international body aiming to create economic peace and stability in the world through a multilateral system among member states (currently there are slightly more than 140 members) and seeking to promote free trade by opening markets through the elimination of import tariffs.

主句是the World Trade Organization is an international body;formed in...过去分词短语做状语,动词form与主句主语the World Trade Organization是逻辑上的动宾关系,因此form用过去分词形式;aiming...and seeking两个现在分词短语并列做后置定语;括号里的内容起到解释说明的作用。

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Text a reading3

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

To that , the organization trade agreements, monitors international trade policy and acts as a forum for trade negotiations, while striving for four main goals — freeing global trade through universally lowered tariffs,

administers

end

administer

vt. to control the operation or arrangement of something; to manage or govern

 ●The economy has been badly administered by the present government.

 ●Our office administers the affairs of the company.

end n. an aim or purpose, or the result you hope to achieve

 ●She’ll do anything to achieve her own ends.

to that end

 ● He wants to cut costs, and to that end is looking at ways of cutting the company’s operations.

an end in itself: something you do because you want to, not in order to get other advantages

 ● IT is a tool for learning, not merely an end in itself.

the end justifies the means: used to say that doing bad things is acceptable if they achieve an important result

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Text a reading4

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

the same rules on all members in order to homogenize the trade process, stimulating competition through lowered subsidies, and ensuring the same trade for all member nations. The WTO also provides technical assistance and training for developing countries.

imposing

concessions

impose

vt. to officially force a rule, tax, punishment, etc to be obeyed or received

 ● The court can impose a fine.

impose something on something/somebody

 ●High taxes have recently been imposed on cigarettes.

concession n. something which is allowed or given up, often in order to end a disagreement, or the act of allowing or giving this

 ● Both sides involved in the conflict made some concessions in yesterday’s talks.

concession to

 ● He stated firmly that no concessions will be made to the strikers.

concession on

 ● The exporter should make no concession on price at once when the importer doesn’t accept the offer.

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Text a reading5

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

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Text a reading6

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

2 World Trade Organization agreements cover intellectual property, goods and services. The body also member countries’ implementation of actions to lower tariffs and other trade barriers.

oversees

customs

The WTO works to improve

transparency regarding trade policies by requiring its members to report on their trade laws and measures as they go into effect.

customs n.

1) the place where your bags are checked for illegal goods when you go into a country

●You can’t take fresh fruits through customs.

2) the government department that checks goods coming into a country and collects

any taxes on them

●The goods are not allowed to be exported without approbation of the customs.

Note: 该词的单数形式custom意思是“习俗,惯例”。

oversee vt. to be in charge of a group of workers and check that a piece of work is done satisfactorily

 ● A team leader was appointed to oversee the project.

synonym: supervise

主句是The WTO works;to improve...不定式短语做目的状语;by requiring...做方式状语;trade laws and measures并列做report on的宾语;as they go into effect做时间状语,其中they指代前面的trade laws and measures。

主句是The WTO works;to improve...不定式短语做目的状语;by requiring...做方式状语;trade laws and measures并列做report on的宾语;as they go into effect做时间状语,其中they指代前面的trade laws and measures。

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Text a reading7

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

3 The WTO grew out of a legal agreement, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). GATT was in Havana, Cuba, in 1948 in an attempt to encourage free trade in the wake of World War II. Twenty-three nations signed the original GATT agreement.

provisional

drafted

provisional

a. likely or able to be changed in the future

 ●We accept provisional bookings by phone.

 ●A copy of the provisional agenda is enclosed for your information.

provisionally ad.

 ●The meeting has been provisionally arranged for the end of May.

draft

1) vt.to write a plan, letter, report, etc that will need to be changed before it is in its

inished form

 ● Draft a proposal for the project and we can discuss it at the meeting.

2) n.a piece of writing or a plan that is not yet in its finished form

 ●I read the first draft and thought it was very good.

 ●All parties eventually approved the final draft (=finished form) of the peace treaty.

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Text a reading8

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

4Fifty-five years later, more than 90 percent of world trade is subject to the WTO’s trade rules, and advocates claim that the economic gains speak to the organization’s success.

The WTO’S Guiding Principles

5

; when a member country grants a trade privilege to another nation, the privilege must be extended to all other member countries. Another principle is “national treatment”, which means that countries treat foreign imports equally with those produced domestically.

One way the WTO aims for equal representation among members is by granting each member country “most-favored nation status”

and连接两个并列句;that引导定语从句修饰claim;speak此处的意思是“证明”。

the WTO... members是定语从句,前面省略了关联词that;by...是介宾短语做表语。

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Text a reading9

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

6 All member nations decide on agreements, and no country has veto power.

Agreements are decided by consensus, although the WTO agreement does allow for majority voting if a consensus is unreachable.

although引导让步状语从句;if引导条件状语从句。

consensus n. [U] an opinion that everyone in a group agrees with or accepts

 ●The general consensus in the office is that he’s useless at his job.

consensus on/about

 ● Could we reach a consensus on this matter? Let’s take a vote.

 ● The EU Council of Finance Ministers failed to reach a consensus on the pace of integration.

consensus that

 ● There is a consensus among teachers that children should have a broad understanding of the world.

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Text a reading10

Text A Reading

World Trade Organization

7

Within the World Bank and International Monetary Fund each country’s vote is weighted according to the country’s status in the international economic system.

8 While the WTO’s consensus-building method means trade laws can be adopted quickly, critics point out that it grants power to those wealthier nations with the resources to devote to negotiation.

Relying on a consensus rather than majority vote and granting nations equal representation distinguishes the WTO from many multilateral organizations.

treaty

Relying on..., and granting...并列的现在分词短语做主语;二者表达同一含义,因此表达一个整体概念,因此谓语distinguish用单数。

treaty n. a written agreement between two or more countries formally approved and signed by their leaders

 ●We’ve signed/concluded a treaty with neighboring states to limit emissions of harmful gases.

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Text a comprehension

Text A Comprehension

Choose the best answer for each question according to the passage.

1. The passage mainly talks about ______.

A. the development of the WTO

B. how the WTO resolves trade conflicts between nations

C. the functions and guiding principles of the WTO

D. the organizational structure of the WTO

2. Which is not a goal of the WTO?

A. To preserve world peace.

B. To promote world trade.

C. To provide technical assistance for developing countries.

D. To administer trade agreements.

1

2

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Text a comprehension1

Text A Comprehension

Choose the best answer for each question according to the passage.

3. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

A. The WTO supervises that member countries take actions to lower trade

barriers.

B. The WTO agreements cover goods, services, and individual property.

C. The WTO requires its member states to make their trade policy transparent.

D. The WTO member states need to report their trade laws and measures as

they become effective.

4. What does “national treatment” imply?

A. It is necessary that a state gives favorable terms to national products.

B. A state needs to impose a higher tax on imported goods in order to protect

national industry.

C. A state needs to treat imported goods favorably in order to promote

international trade.

D. A state should not impose higher taxes on goods imported from other states

that are participating in the agreement.

3

4

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Text a comprehension2

Text A Comprehension

Choose the best answer for each question according to the passage.

5. Which of the following statements is TRUE about reaching agreements?

A. If one country objects to the agreement, it will not be decided.

B. Majority voting is not effective if consensus is not reached.

C. Agreements are decided by all member nations through consensus.

D. There is no way to pass an agreement if consensus is unreachable.

6. What specific feature distinguishes the WTO from many other international

organizations?

A. The WTO member nations have equal rights and weights in decision-making.

B. Each member country’s vote is weighted according to the country’s status.

C. The WTO’s trade laws can be adopted quickly.

D. The world powers can veto an agreement.

5

6

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Text a vocabulary

Text A Vocabulary

Part 1 Match the expressions on the left with the explanations on the right.

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Text a vocabulary1

Text A Vocabulary

Part 1 Match the expressions on the left with the explanations on the right.

Answer

1. C 2. A 3. H 4. F 5. B 6. I 7. D 8. J 9. G 10. E

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Text a vocabulary2

Text A Vocabulary

Part 2 Complete the sentences with the following expressions. Change the

form where necessary.

regarding adopt concession forum representation

privilegeveto administer oversee multilateral

1. Senior management enjoys certain , such as company cars and

private healthcare.

2. He stated firmly that no would be made to the strikers.

3. your recent inquiry, I have enclosed a copy of our new brochure.

4. The Ministry of Defense has the power of over all British arms

exports.

5. Seven countries are taking part in the talks.

___________

privileges

____________

concession

___________

Regarding

__________

veto

____________

multilateral

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Text a vocabulary3

Text A Vocabulary

Part 2 Complete the sentences with the following expressions. Change the

form where necessary.

regarding adopt concession forum representation

privilegeveto administer oversee multilateral

6. A team leader was appointed to the project.

7. The new tax would force companies to energy-saving measures.

8. The money will be by local charities.

9. The journal aims to provide a for discussion and debate.

10. There has been a decline in union in the auto industry.

___________

oversee

_________

adopt

______________

administered

___________

forum

______________

representation

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Text a vocabulary4

Text A Vocabulary

Part 3 Choose the best expression to complete each sentence.

1. Our new system will _______ more efficient use of resources.

A. decide onB. speak toC. allow forD. strive for

2. The company received a substantial government _______.

A. tariffB. subsidyC. concessionD. consensus

3. The EU Council of Finance Ministers failed to _______ a consensus on the

pace of integration.

A. adoptB. imposeC. draftD. reach

1

2

3

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Text a vocabulary5

Text A Vocabulary

Part 3 Choose the best expression to complete each sentence.

4. The government imposed a ban _______ the sale of ivory.

A. onB. toC. withD. for

5. I think it’s time to _______ a different strategy in the negotiation.

A. adaptB. adeptC. adoptD. draft

6. This leaflet _______ what we’ve just discussed in more detail.

A. regardingB. coversC. representsD. drafts

4

5

6

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Text a translation

Text A Translation

Part 1 Translate the following terms into Chinese

1. World Trade Organization

2. member state

3. free trade

4. import tariff

5. trade agreement

6. international trade policy

7. intellectual property

8. trade barrier

_____________________

世界贸易组织

_____________________

成员国

_____________________

自由贸易

_____________________

进口关税

_____________________

贸易协定

_____________________

国际贸易政策

_____________________

知识产权

_____________________

贸易壁垒

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Text a translation1

Text A Translation

Part 1 Translate the following terms into Chinese

9. most-favored nation status

10. trade privilege

11. national treatment

12. veto power

13. World Bank

14. International Monetary Fund

15. international economic system

_____________________

最惠国待遇

_____________________

贸易特权

_____________________

国民待遇

_____________________

否决权

_____________________

世界银行

_____________________

国际货币基金组织

_____________________

国际经济系统

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Text a translation2

Text A Translation

Part 2 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. Formed in January 1995, the World Trade Organization is an international

body aiming to create economic peace and stability in the world through a

multilateral system among member states(currently there are slightly more

than 140 members) and seeking to promote free trade by opening markets

through the elimination of import tariffs.

世界贸易组织成立于1995年1月,是一个国际组织,目标是通过成员国(目前有140多个成员国)间的多边贸易体制在世界范围内建立经济的和平与稳定,并寻求通过消除进口关税及开放市场来推动自由贸易。

______________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

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Text a translation3

Text A Translation

Part 2 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

2. The WTO works to improve transparency regarding trade policies by requiring

its members to report on their trade laws and measures as they go into effect.

世贸组织通过要求成员国公布他们实施的贸易法规和措施以增加贸易政策的透明度。

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

3. One way the WTO aims for equal representation among members is by

granting each member country “most-favored nation status”; when a

member country grants a trade privilege to another nation, the privilege

must be extended to all other member countries.

世贸组织实现成员国平等待遇的一个途径就是给予每个成员国“最惠国”待遇;当一个成员国授予另一个国家贸易特权,这一特权必须延伸到所有其他成员国。

________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

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Text a translation4

Text A Translation

Part 2 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

4. Agreements are decided by consensus, although the WTO agreement does

allow for majority voting if a consensus is unreachable.

协议由协商一致的原则决定是否通过,但在协商无法达成一致的情况下,世贸协议也允许大多数投票通过。

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

5. Relying on a consensus rather than majority vote and granting nations equal

representation distinguishes the WTO from many multilateral organizations.

世贸组织与很多其他多边组织的不同之处在于,世贸组织依赖于协商一致而不是大多数投票,并且给予各国平等待遇。

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Text a supplementary reading

Text A Supplementary Reading

Read the following passage about the WTO and fill in each blank with an appropriate expression from the box.

body negotiations fromfreely consensus

member international resolvebarrier against

The WTO was born out of the GATT, which was established in 1947. The WTO replaced the GATT as the world’s global trading 1 in 1995, and the current set of governing rules stems 2 the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations, which took place throughout 1986-1994.

The purpose of the WTO is to ensure that global trade commences smoothly and 3 . The WTO creates and embodies the legal ground rules for global trade among 4 nations and thus offers a system for

5 commerce.

_______

body

_______

from

_________

freely

_________

member

_____________

international

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Text a supplementary reading1

Text A Supplementary Reading

Read the following passage about the WTO and fill in each blank with an appropriate expression from the box.

body negotiations fromfreely consensus

member international resolvebarrier against

Decisions are made by 6 , though a majority vote may also rule (this is very rare). If a trade dispute occurs, the WTO works to

7 it. If, for example, a country erects a trade 8 in the form of a customs duty against a particular country or a particular good, the WTO may issue trade sanctions 9 the violating country. The WTO will also work to resolve the conflict through 10 .

_____________

consensus

_________

resolve

__________

barrier

__________

against

_____________

negotiations

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Text a discussion

Text A Discussion

All WTO members may participate in all councils, committees, etc, except Appellate Body, Dispute Settlement Panels, and plurilateral committees. Work in groups to describe its main structure with the help of the given chart.

The following words might be useful:

appellate: having the power to hear appeals and to review court decisions

dispute: to argue about; debate

plurilateral: many kinds/sides of; of different aspects

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Text a discussion1

Text A Discussion

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Text b

Text B

Reading

  • Part 1

Comprehension

  • Part 2

Vocabulary

  • Part 3

Translation

  • Part 4

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Text b reading

Text B Reading

New Words and Expressions

outline [5aJtlaIn] v. 略述,概述要点summit [5sQmIt] n.峰会

transcend [trAn5send] v. 超越border [5bC:dE] n. 边界,国界

ethanol [5eWEn?l] n.乙醇,酒精biodiesel [5baIE?尬di:7z?l] n. 生化柴油

hydrogen [5haIdrEdVEn] n. 氢fuel cell n. 燃料电池

avian flu n. 禽流感claim [kleIm] v. 夺去(生命)

inflict [In5flIkt] v. (~on)造成,使……遭受……detect [dI5tekt] v. 发现,察觉

pandemic [pAn5demIk] n. 流行病violence [5vaIElEns] n. 暴力

ferry [5feri] n.摆渡,渡船embassy [5embEsi] n. 大使馆

commit [kE5mIt] v. 犯(错误),做(坏事)ideology [7aIdi5?lEdVi] n.意识形态

reject [rI5dVekt] v. 拒绝,抵制tolerance [5t?lErEns] n. 宽容,容忍

weapon of mass destruction n. 大规模杀伤性武器blackmail [5blAkmeIl] v. 勒索

repression [rI5preFEn] n.镇压,抑制radicalism [5rAdIkElIzEm] n. 激进主义

ally [5AlaI] n. 同盟国prosperous [5pr?spErEs] a. 繁荣的

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Text b reading1

Text B Reading

The development of globalization has intensified the relations of interdependence between countries of varying levels of development. Please read the speech delivered by the American President George W. Bush on his trip to Asia in 2006 and try to understand his position on globalization and international cooperation.

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Text b reading2

Text B Reading

Bush Areas of International Cooperation

Outlines

1 Good morning! This week I’m visiting Singapore, Indonesia, and Vietnam, where I’m attending the annual summit of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum. On this trip, I am carrying a message for the people of this region. America will remain engaged in Asia because our interests depend on the expansion of freedom and opportunity in this vital part of the world.

outline

1) vt. to give the main facts about something

● The new president outlined plans to deal with crime, drugs, and education.

● At the interview she outlined what the interviewee would be doing.

2) n. a description of the main facts about something

●If you read the minutes of the meeting, they’ll give you a broad outline of what was discussed.

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Text b reading3

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

2 Asia is important to America because prosperity in our country depends on trade with Asia’s growing economies. Today, America’s trade across the Pacific is greater than our trade across the Atlantic, and we need to continue opening up markets in this part of the world to American goods and services.

3 My position is clear:

As long as the playing field is level, America’s farmers, small businesses, and workers can compete with anyone, so America will continue to pursue free and fair trade at every level with individual countries across the whole regions and through the World Trade Organization.

As long as引导条件状语从句;America’s farmers, small businesses, and workers并列做主语;so引导结果状语从句,其中at every level...and through...并列做从句的状语。

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Text b reading4

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

By opening new markets for American goods and services, we help create new customers for our products abroad and jobs and opportunities for our workers and small businesses at home.

4 Asia is also important to America because our nations face common challenges like energy and disease that borders. Our growing economies are too dependent on oil, and we have a common interest in pursuing affordable, reliable energy alternatives. So we’re working with our partners in this region to develop new energy technologies that will make us less dependent on oil, including clean coal and ethanol, biodiesel and hydrogen fuel cells.

transcend

transcend vt. to go beyond the usual limits of something

● The best films are those which transcend national or cultural barriers.

By opening...介宾短语做方式状语;customers, jobs and opportunities并列做宾语。

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Text b reading5

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

5 We are also working with our partners in the region to address the threat of diseases like avian flu, which has the potential to claim many lives and inflict terrible damage on our societies if not detected and stopped

-so we’re sharing information and putting wise preparedness plans in place to help ensure that we can contain the spread of avian flu and be ready if a pandemic ever occurs.

By coming together to address these and other challenges, we’re helping build more hopeful societies in Asia and stronger partners for America.

sharing和putting是并列的谓语动词;to help动词不定式做目的状语;that引导宾语从句;从句的谓语是can contain...and be ready。名词preparedness做定语。

By coming together...做方式状语;societies和partners并列做build的宾语。

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Text b reading6

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

6 Finally, Asia is important to America because we face common threats to our security. The people of this region understand the terrorist threat because they have been targets of terrorist violence. Since September the 11th, the terrorists have attacked a nightclub in Bali, a hotel in Jakarta, a ferry packed with passengers in Manila Bay, a school full of children in Russia, Australia’s

in Indonesia and many other targets.

embassy

embassy

n. a group of officials who represent their government in a foreign country, or the

building they work in

●He is the second secretary of the embassy and is in charge of daily affairs.

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Text b reading7

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

The killers who these acts of terror are followers of a clear and focused ideology that hates freedom and tolerance.

committed

rejects

commit vt.

1) to do something illegal or something that is considered wrong

● He was sent to prison for a crime that he didn’t commit.

2) to promise or give your loyalty, time or money to a particular principle, person or

plan of action

●The government must commit itself to improving health care.

●Once we have committed to this course of action there is no going back.

reject vt.

1) to refuse to accept, believe in, or agree with something or someone

● His proposal was rejected outright (=completely rejected).

● I applied for a job as a mechanic in a local garage, but I was rejected (= I was

not offered the job).

antonym: accept

2) to throw away something that has just been made, because its quality is not good

enough

●If inspectors find a defective bottle, the batch is rejected.

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Text b reading8

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

This threat poses a risk

to our entire civilization, and we’re working with our

partners in the Asia Pacific region to defeat it.

7 The greatest danger in our world today is that these

terrorists could get their hands on weapons of mass

destruction and use them to blackmail free nations or

kill on an unimaginable scale.

8 In the long run, the surest path to security is the expansion of freedom.

that引导表语从句;从句中could get...and use做谓语;to blackmail...or kill做目的状语。

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Text b reading9

Text B Reading

Bush Outlines Areas of International Cooperation

History shows that free societies are peaceful societies, so America is committed to advancing freedom and democracy as the great alternative to repression and radicalism. And by standing with our allies in the Asia Pacific region, we will defend our free way of life, confront the challenges of a new century, and build a more hopeful, peaceful, and prosperous future for our children and grandchildren.

Notes

1. Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum 亚太经济合作组织(APEC)论坛

2. Bali巴厘岛,是印度尼西亚著名的旅游岛屿。

3. Jakarta雅加达,印度尼西亚首都。

4. Manila Bay马尼拉湾,菲律宾港口。

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Text b comprehension

Text B Comprehension

Part 1 Answer the following questions according to the speech.

1. Why is Asia important to America in terms of economic development?

The prosperity in America depends on trade with Asia’s growing economies.

_____________________________________________________________

2. What is President Bush’s position in economic globalization?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

As long as the playing field is level, America’s farmers, small businesses, and workers can compete with anyone, so America will continue to pursue free and fair trade at every level with individual countries across the whole regions and through the World Trade Organization.

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Text b comprehension1

Text B Comprehension

Part 1 Answer the following questions according to the speech.

3. How should Asia and America face the challenge caused by energy

insufficiency?

Asia and America should work together to develop new energy technologies that will make us less dependent on oil, including clean coal and ethanol, biodiesel and hydrogen fuel cells.

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

4. What damage would avian flu cause if it breaks out, and what should people

do to contain it?

Avian flu has the potential to claim many lives and inflict terrible damage on our societies if it breaks out. People should share information and put wise preparedness plans in place to help ensure that we can contain the spread of avian flu and be ready if a pandemic ever occurs.

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

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Text b comprehension2

Text B Comprehension

Part 1 Answer the following questions according to the speech.

5. What are the examples that prove Asia and America are facing common

threats to security?

Since September the 11th, the terrorists have attacked a nightclub in Bali, a hotel in Jakarta, a ferry packed with passengers in Manila Bay, a school full of children in Russia, Australia’s embassy in Indonesia and many other targets.

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________

6. What is the greatest danger in our world today?

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

Terrorists could get their hands on weapons of mass destruction and use them to blackmail free nations or kill on an unimaginable scale.

7. What is the surest path to security according to President Bush?

_____________________________________________________________

In the long run, the surest path to security is the expansion of freedom.

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Text b comprehension3

Text B Comprehension

Part 2 Complete the outline of the speech.

Main idea:

America will enhance its relationship with Asia in that America’s interest relies on

in Asia.

the expansion of freedom and opportunity

___________________________________

Five issues that President Bush addresses:

1.

America will stick to with Asian

countries and through

2.

America is working with its Asian partners to develop substitutes for oil, such as

_______

trade

________________________________

free and fair trade at every level

_____________________________

the World Trade Organization.

_______

energy

____________________________________________________

clean coal and ethanol, bio-diesel and hydrogen fuel cells.

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Text b comprehension4

Text B Comprehension

Part 2 Complete the outline of the speech.

3.

In order to

America and Asian countries are sharing information and making preparedness

plans.

4.

This threat presents , and America and

the Asian partners are working together to defeat it.

_____________

Avian flu

______________________________________________________________

contain the spread of Avian flu and be ready if a pandemic ever occurs

_____________

terrorist threat

____________________________

a risk to our entire civilization

Prospects:

By cooperating with allies in the Asia Pacific region, America wioo

__________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

defend our free way of life, confront the challenges of a new century, and build a more hopeful, peaceful, and prosperous future for our children and grandchildren.

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Text b vocabulary

Text B Vocabulary

Part 1 Complete the sentences with the following expressions. Change the

form where necessary.

rejectpursuetranscendcommit outline

inflictsummitsanction ally tolerance

1. The strikes serious damage on the economy.

2. The two presidents agreed to hold a in the spring.

3. The desire for peace political differences.

4. We need to decide soon what marketing strategy we should

for these new products.

5. The terrorists have many crimes against the American people.

_____________

inflicted

____________

summit

______________

transcended

____________

pursue

____________

committed

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Text b vocabulary1

Text B Vocabulary

Part 1 Complete the sentences with the following expressions. Change the

form where necessary.

rejectpursuetranscendcommit outline

inflictsummitsanction ally tolerance

6. The new president plans to deal with crime, drugs, and education.

7. Britain was an of America in the World War I.

8. In ordinary living there can be some of unpunctuality.

9. There is too much on TV these days.

10. Imperfect articles are by our quality control.

__________

outlined

________

ally

___________

tolerance

_____________

violence

____________

rejected

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Text b vocabulary2

Text B Vocabulary

Part 2 Complete each sentence with a suitable preposition.

1. Is there a viable alternative the present system?

2. Pollution could cause changes to weather patterns a global scale.

3. Drunken drivers pose a serious threat other road users.

4. The threat an economic depression hangs over the world.

5. The interest the loan is 16% per year.

6. While we have common interest many areas, there are also areas

where the members have diverse interests.

7. The government is committed improve the living standards of the people.

8. The closure of the factory will cause severe damage the local economy.

9. The typhoon inflicted severe damage the island.

10. She’s a business trip to the company’s Asia Division office.

______

to

______

on

______

to

______

of

______

on

______

in

______

to

______

to

______

on

______

on

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Text b translation

Text B Translation

Part 1 Translate the following sentences, using the expressions given in the

brackets.

1. 我在处理这一业务时犯了一个错误。(commit)

2. 战争给这个国家造成了巨大的损失。(inflict... on...)

3. 西方各国对这个国家实行了严厉制裁。(impose... on...)

4. 本部门提供各种水平的培训。(at every level)

5. 这种疾病的迅速蔓延使医学专家们感到忧虑不安。(spread of)

___________________________________________________________

I committed an error in handling the business.

___________________________________________________________

The war inflicted heavy losses on the country.

___________________________________________________________

Western nations imposed tough sanctions on the country.

___________________________________________________________

Training is offered at every level in the department.

___________________________________________________________

The rapid spread of the disease is alarming the medical authorities

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Text b translation1

Text B Translation

Part 2 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. Asia is also important to America because our nations face common

challenges like energy and disease that transcend borders. Our growing

economies are too dependent on oil, and we have a common interest in

pursuing affordable, reliable energy alternatives.

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

亚洲对于美国来说非常重要的另一原因是我们都面临着跨越国界的像能源和疾病这样的新挑战。我们不断发展的经济过分依赖石油,我们共同追求着可以负担得起的,可靠的新能源。

2. We are also working with our partners in the region to address the threat of

diseases like avian flu, which has the potential to claim many lives and inflict

terrible damage on our societies if not detected and stopped quickly.

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

在该地区,我们还与伙伴们合作,来应对疾病带来的威胁。例如,我们如果不能迅速发现并阻止禽流感,就可能导致大量死亡,并给我们的社会带来严重的损失。

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Text b translation2

Text B Translation

Part 2 Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

3. The greatest danger in our world today is that these terrorists could get their

hands on weapons of mass destruction and use them to blackmail free nations

or kill on an unimaginable scale.

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

在我们当今世界中最大的危险是,这些恐怖分子能够获得大规模杀伤性武器,并用使用它们来勒索自由国家,或进行大范围的屠杀。

4. In the long run, the surest path to security is the expansion of freedom. History

shows that free societies are peaceful societies, so America is committed to

advancing freedom and democracy as the great alternative to repression and

radicalism.

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

从长远来看,保证安全的最佳途径是扩大自由。历史告诉我们,自由的社会是和平的社会,所以,美国将自由和民主作为抵抗镇压和激进主义的最好选择。

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Real life practice

Real Life Practice

What Do You Think About Globalization?

Background

The advantages and disadvantages of globalization have been heavily scrutinized and debated in recent years. Advocates of globalization say that it helps developing nations “catch up” with industrialized nations much faster through increased employment and technological advances. Critics of globalization say that it weakens national sovereignty and allows rich nations to ship domestic jobs overseas where labor is much cheaper.

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Real life practice1

Real Life Practice

What Do You Think About Globalization?

Present Situation

According to a survey of teenagers from New York, Lebanon, Azerbaijan, and the Philippines, teenagers both in the United States and elsewhere were largely in favor of globalization. Teenagers in New York had higher levels of support for globalization. Importantly, all teenagers were very positive towards technology, cultural exchange, trade, consumption of international goods, and immigration.

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Real life practice2

Real Life Practice

What Do You Think About Globalization?

Discussion

What is your opinion about globalization? Discuss with your partner and give a presentation on the advantages and disadvantages of globalization. Take into consideration the following factors:

  • employment opportunity

  • labor costs

  • technology development

  • consumption of resources, etc

Take a multinational corporation as an example to support your idea.

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Practical writing

Practical Writing

Fax

A fax machine is a device for transmitting printed

documents electronically. It is commonly used in business

communication. The fax technology has faced increasing

competition from Internet-based systems. However, fax

machines still retain some advantages, particularly in the transmission of sensitive materials.

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Practical Writing

Part 1 The following is a fax aiming at buiding international business

relationship. Fill in the missing information, using the Chinese given

in the brackets.

Foreign Economic Relations & Trade Committee of Dalian

Address: 45#, Zhongshan Road, Dalian, Liaoning Province, P.R.C.

Tel: 086-0411-62534789 Fax: 086-0411-62534788

To: Ms Jaana Pekkala, Consultant for China Swiss Organization for Facilitating Investments Fax: +41-1-249 31 33

Total pages of this fax: 2

_________________________

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Practical writing2

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Dear Ms Jaana Pekkala,

We understand from The Swiss Business Guide for China that your organization is helping Swiss firms in seeking opportunities of

1 (在中国投资) and business cooperation with Chinese partners. To establish business relations with your organization and attract Swiss companies’ investment here in Dalian, we write to introduce our city, the city of Dalian, as one of the open cities in Liaoning Province, China, and also ourselves, Foreign Economic Relations & Trade Committee of Dalian, as a government initiative to facilitate 2 (商务关系) with foreign companies.

__________________

investing in China

____________________

business relationship

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Practical writing3

Practical Writing

Our committee provides advice and assistance to Dalian firms seeking to export their services and goods to foreign countries and import goods and services from abroad. We also assist Dalian firms in establishment of joint ventures and carry the procedures for examination and approval of joint ventures and 3 (外国独资公司). Our Committee can provide Dalian companies with information on the world market and specific commercial opportunities as well as organize trade missions, seminars and business briefings.

_____________________________

foreign sole investment firms

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Practical writing4

Practical Writing

Our committee facilitates and encourages investment from other countries into 4 (目标行业) of Dalian economy and maintains active promotion of Dalian through its network of contacts in

5 (国内及国外地区).

Nowadays, we are seeking foreign investment in the field of capital construction, such as improving the tap water system and

6 (高速公路建设). Also, we are setting up an aquatic products processing base in Wafangdian County, which has a long costal sea line and possesses abundant aquatic products.

__________________

targeted sectors

_________________________

domestic and abroad areas

_______________________

highway construction

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Practical writing5

Practical Writing

With the 7 (国内市场需求) increasing steadily, Wafangdian County makes use of the advantage of the local resources to establish an aquatic products processing base. We invite Swiss companies with 8 (最惠政策) to set up their firms in any form on aquatic products processing and sewage treatment.

Any information on 9 (投资项目) into Dalian and on business cooperation with firms in Dalian is highly appreciated and will be passed on to anyone who has approached us with interest in similar projects. You are also invited to our city for 10

(考察和商务旅行).

Should you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

______________________

domestic market demand

______________________

most favorable polices

____________________

investment projects

_____________________________

investigation and business tour

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Practical writing6

Practical Writing

Thank you for your attention and looking forward to your prompt reply.

Sincerely yours,

Lin Wang

Commercial Assistant

For Foreign Economic Relations & Trade Committee of Dalian

Part 2 Write a fax based on the following situation.

You work for a company specializing in exporting chinaware. Your company wants to open up the overseas market. You know that an importer in the US is interested in this business. Write a fax to the importer, expressing your will of establishing business relations with them. Add any detail you think necessary by yourself.

Lead-in

Text A

Text B

Real Life Practice

Practical Writing

www.themegallery.com

http://www.dutpgz.cn


Unit 8 globalization

www.themegallery.com

Thank You !

大连理工大学电子音像出版社

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