Cge 1 linkers
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CGE 1 Linkers. In addition, In addition to In contrast, In contrast to For example, such as On the other hand , while. In addition, In addition to. ‘In addition’ and ‘In addition to’ has the same meaning as ‘and ’ (adding ideas) IDEA 1 . In addition, IDEA 2.

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CGE 1 Linkers

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Cge 1 linkers

CGE 1 Linkers

In addition, In addition to

In contrast, In contrast to

For example, such as

On the other hand, while


In addition in addition to

In addition, In addition to

‘In addition’ and ‘In addition to’ has the same meaning as ‘and’ (adding ideas)

IDEA 1. In addition, IDEA 2.

I like chips. In addition, I like chocolate.

In addition to + IDEA 1, IDEA 2.

In addition to chips, I like chocolate.

Clauses - must have subjects and verbs

Clause - must have subject and verb

Noun/noun phrase (no verb)


In contrast in contrast to

In contrast, In contrast to

‘In contrast’ and ‘In contrast to’ has the same meaning as ‘but’ (opposite ideas)

IDEA 1. In contrast, IDEA 2.

I like chips. In contrast, I hate chocolate.

In contrast to + IDEA 1, IDEA 2.

In contrast to chips, I hate chocolate.

Clauses - must have subjects and verbs

Clause - must have subject and verb

Noun/noun phrase (no verb)


For example such as

For example, such as

Both have the same meaning but:-

For example + CLAUSE

CLAUSE, such as + noun/noun phrase

I like junk food. For example, I like

chocolate and ice cream.

I like junk food such as chocolate and ice cream.

Clauses - must have subjects and verbs

Noun/noun phrase (no verb)


On the other hand while

On the other hand, while

Both of these have the same meaning as ‘but’ (opposite ideas). They are used differently.

IDEA 1. On the other hand, IDEA 2.

I like chips. On the other hand, I hate chocolate.

While + IDEA 1, IDEA 2. or

IDEA 1 while IDEA 2.

While I like chips, I hate chocolate. or

I like chips while I hate chocolate.

Clauses - must have subjects and verbs

Clause - must have subject and verb

Clause - must have subject and verb


Find the mistakes

Find the mistakes

  • I like coffee. In addition, I like tea.

  • While I like tigers, I hate lions.

  • I hate lions while I hate tigers.

  • I like many animals for example goats and cats.

  • In contrast to Amin, Ahmed does not go to university.

  • Hamda did well in the CGE. In addition, Sheila failed.

  • UAE has a lot of oil resources. In addition, New Zealand does not.

  • In addition to hiking in the forest, Mouza likes diving.

  • There are many things she likes about learning English. Such as reading and learning new vocabulary.

  • There are some great things about studying abroad. On the other hand, living in the hostel is fun.


Find the mistakes answers

Find the mistakes (Answers)

  • Correct

  • Correct

  • I hate lions while I like tigers.

  • I like many animals such as goats and cats.

  • Correct

  • Hamda did well in the CGE. In contrast, Sheila failed.

  • UAE has a lot of oil resources. In contrast, New Zealand does not.

  • Correct

  • There are many things she likes about learning English such as reading and learning new vocabulary.

  • There are some great things about studying abroad. For example, living in the hostel is fun.


Cge 2 linkers

CGE 2 Linkers

Because, because of


Because because of

because, because of

because and because of shows reason.

because

IDEA 1because IDEA 2.

I like chips because the flavour is great.

because of

IDEA 1, because of IDEA 2. or

because of IDEA 1, IDEA 2

I like chips because of the flavour.

Because of the flavour, I like chips.

Clauses - must have subjects and verbs

Clause - must have subject and verb

Noun/noun phrase (no verb)


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