A Beginner’s Guide to Microsoft Windows. Produced by Naveen Albert Created Using Microsoft PowerPoint. Microsoft Windows Overview.
A Beginner’s Guide to Microsoft Windows
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Microsoft Windows is the world’s largest collection of operating systems. The most recently released version of Microsoft Windows is Windows 8.1. Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, and Windows XP were releasedbefore that in descending order.
Windows XP dominated the Windows user market until September of 2013, when Windows 7 overtook it.
Since Windows 7 is the most widely used operating system in the world, this tutorial applies to Windows 7.
However, most versions of Windows before Windows 7 have a similar layout. However, this tutorial will not be compatible with Windows 8 or later.
What to do when you buy your PC
Before you learn how to use your PC, there are a number of things that you must do:
First, create an administrator account and any other necessary accounts. Some actions require administrator privileges, so log on as the administrator and create a password for yourself.
However, most actions performed in this tutorial can be performed by a standard user.
By default, your computer will come with Windows Internet Explorer (IE) or (MSIE). The most recently released version is IE 11. If your computer does not have IE 9 or newer, it is strongly recommended that you upgrade your Internet Explorer before proceeding.
Note that if you are not the administrator or you are connected to a network of computers, you may not be able to do this.
Other Internet Browsers
Although Internet Explorer is the default browser and the most widely accepted internet browser in the world, it is recommended that you have more than one browser on your computer. To run a successful PC, install:
Now that you can connect to the Internet, you can purchase software. Purchase Microsoft Office Professional from the Microsoft Store or Office Depot.
If you do not need Microsoft Office Professional, you can install the Student Edition, but it is not recommended for home and business users. Some students might also require more advanced software that only comes with Microsoft Office Professional.
Windows Live Essentials
The Windows Live Essentials are free software from Microsoft that enhances your computer. MovieMaker is included in these essentials. Click here to download the Windows Live Essentials.
You must be an administrator to perform this action.
Setting up Microsoft Office
Before you continue, you should customize and set up Microsoft Office as you wish.
Use the Microsoft Office Tutorial PowerPoint to learn how to use and to set up Microsoft Office.
Set up Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer may or may not be your favorite web browser. However, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with it and that you set it up properly.
Set up the Other Internet Browsers
It is now recommended that you set up the other Internet Browsers, such as Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox. Setting up Google Chrome is important, because there are some issues with it that must be fixed before using it.
If you wish you may set up Firefox.
Setting up Google Chrome
Open Google Chrome
Click on the Gear button in the upper right hand corner and click on Settings.
You may choose to change your default search engine from Google to Bing.
Click Show Advanced settings.
Under Web Content, click Customize fonts. Then change all of the existing fonts to Calibri. Even if you do not enjoy this font, this is recommended.
Next, under Downloads, check the box that says ‘Ask where to save each file before downloading.’ Then, change the download location to the location on your computer where you save files to most. It is important that it is a local location instead of a network or USB location, even if you do not save files locally.
Personalizing your computer
Now, it is time to personalize your computer
Go to the desktop and right-click on a blank portion of the screen
There are multiple things that you may wish to do here. Advance to the next slide to view the list of what is recommended that you change.
This feature might be restricted by your system administrator.
Personalize the Desktop
Your computer’s default theme is almost certain to be Windows 7. However, it is possible that it might be something else. If you are satisfied with your desktop background, you can leave it how it is. However, if you would like to change it, there are a number of settings that are already on your computer. If you want a theme that you don’t see there, click ‘Get more themes online.’
Sounds and Screen Savers
It is recommended that you change your sounds option to either Windows Default or Garden.
Next, set up a Screen Saver.
Choose from the options that you see. Note that if you are using photos, anyone who has access to see your computer will be able to watch the photos that are selected for the Screen Saver, so make sure that you are fine with anyone seeing the photos in the folder that you have selected.
Sound and Power Management
It is recommended that you keep your sound muted when not using it. To mute the sound on your PC, click the sound icon on the taskbar at the bottom of the screen.
Next, click the Power icon next to the sound or Wireless/Internet icons. (If you are using a desktop computer, such an icon may not exist.)
It is recommended that you create and customize your own power plan. Always select the options that locks your computer after a certain amount of time and puts it to sleep and Hibernate.
The taskbar is the bar at the bottom of the screen. By default, it appears at the bottom of the screen, but you can change it to be in the left, right, or top of the screen. However, this is not recommended.
Right-click the taskbar and click Properties.
In the Taskbar buttons section, click the drop down and change the setting to Never Combine. This is the default in most versions of Windows XP.
Check the box at the bottom of the screen that says ‘Use Aero Peek to Preview the Desktop.’
At the top of the window, change the page from Taskbar to Start Menu.
Uncheck the box that says Store and display recently opened items in the Start menu and the taskbar. This enhances the visual appeal of your Start menu, but it is not required.
Next, click Customize
Customizing your Start Menu
Here, you will be able to see a number of locations, such as Computer, Personal folder and other various things. The ones that say ‘Display as a link’ are the ones that will appear on the right hand side of your start menu. Click the ones that you frequently use. It is ALWAYS recommended that Computer, and the Control Panel are always displayed.
The left-hand side of your Start Menu
As you may have noticed, there might not be anything on the left-hand side of the Start Menu. Except for a tab at the bottom that says ‘All Programs.’ It is recommended that you display your most used programs in the blank space above this. To do this:
Type in the name of the program in the search prompt beneath the All Programs button, where it says Search all programs and files.
Right-click the correct program and then click Pin to Start Menu. You can move the programs around if you wish.
You can also pin programs to your taskbar by clicking Pin to Taskbar.
Common Keyboard Shortcuts
ALT+TAB will let you switch between any windows that you have open and your desktop. In some computers, you are able to do this by holding down the Windows Key and then pressing Tab.
You can delete a file on your computer by right-clicking on it and then clicking Delete, or clicking on it once and then pressing the Delete key. It is recommended that you keep the Recycle Bin Properties setting for confirming a delete before deleting and sending it to the Recycle Bin.
CTRL+C will copy
CTRL+V will paste
CTRL+P will print
CTRL+SHIFT+T will reopen the last tab you closed when using an Internet Browser.
For a compete list of computer shortcuts, see your computer Guide or visit the Microsoft Windows website to learn more.
This is a tip for local computer storage that you will be glad you used:
If you store your items on the Local Disc (most commonly the C drive), in your folder provided to you with your account, it is recommended that you create ONE folder, and then store ALL of your other folders and documents inside this folder.
Right-click the folder of which everything is on and then click Properties. Then click Advanced and then check the box that says Compress contents to save disc space. This will compress your files so that you can store more things on your computer. When this is done, the folders and file names should appear to be Blue.
Be sure to select all of the folders in the C/ Local drive, right-click, click Properties, then Advanced and then click Compress Contents to save Disc Space. Even if these are not files you use, these take up a LOT of space!
Note that you can only perform these actions on a computer and you cannot compress the contents of an external drive, such as a USB or flash drive.
Creating other users
If you would like to create another User, follow these steps:
Click hereto learn about creating user accounts.
Set up the user account.
If you are setting up the account for a child that is below the age of approximately eight or you would like to monitor the computer usage of other users, set up Windows Live Family Safety.
If you are not the end user for the account, allow them time to either:
View this tutorial and then set up their account.
Log into their new account and type in Getting started in the search menu. Click the icon that says Getting Started.
Common Internet Fixes
If your internet is not working:
Laptop: Check that your router or wireless network is plugged in, turned on, and the Wi-Fi is turned on
Desktop: Check that your Ethernet cable is plugged in and the cables that connect it to your network are functioning.
Click the Internet access icon next to the sound and power icons on the taskbar. Make sure that you are connected to a network.
Contact your internet provider if trouble persists.
Explore your PC
Although this tutorial covered the most basic things that you can change with your PC, there is almost a setting for everything that there is on your computer. Finding the properties of it will often display options.
Otherwise, the only way to learn more about your computer is to explore it!