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If you meet a patient with rapidly progressive GN and alveolar hemorrhage, suspect this condition marked by antibodies against type IV collagen
What is Goodpastures syndrome?
Patients with this diagnosis have a higher risk of malignancy, especially solid tumors; it is also the most common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults
What is membranous nephropathy?
This cause ofnephrotic syndrome is frequently associated with HIV and heroin use; the collapsing variant is most common among African Americans
What is focal segmental glomerulosclerosis?
Majority with this disease, marked by hematuria, proteinuria and low complement, are Hepatitis C (+). Dont forget to look for palpable purpura and skin necrosis.
What is mixed cryoglobulinemia?
Often heralded by hematuria 1-3 days post-URI, this is the most common cause of GN worldwide most prevalent in Asians and rare in blacks
What is IgA nephropathy?
What is a
What are sickle cells?
(Sickle cell anemia)
What is a
What are Howell-Jolly bodies?
(Asplenia; hemolytic, megaloblastic anemia)
What are hairy cells? (Hairy cell leukemia)
A long latency of about 30-40 years occurs from exposure to this mineral and mesothelioma
What is Asbestos?
Miners and sandblasters exposed to this crystalline mineral are at high risk for tuberculosis and should have their PPD checked
What is Silica?
Coal workers pneumoconiosis+Rheumatoid arthritis+Multiple pulmonary nodules
What is Caplans syndrome?
First described in fluorescent lamp workers, this disease may present with skin and lung nodules showing noncaseating granuloma
What is Berylliosis?
A reactive airway disease in textile mill workers exposed to cotton dust, it presents with wheezing and causes Monday chest tightness that improves at the end of the work week
What is Byssinosis?
What is Trichomonas vaginalis infection?
What is colon cancer?
What is Kawasaki disease?
(also Scarlet fever)
Cherry red spot on macula
What is Tay-Sachs disease? (also Central Retinal Artery occlusion)
What is Gastric Antral Vascular Ectasia (GAVE)?
Pick your node
Pick your node
What is erythema migrans?
What is pytiriasis versicolor?
What is erythema multiforme?
What is lichen planus?
From pulmonary to disseminated such as in AIDS, this mycosis can be picked up from bird and bat droppings in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys
What is Histoplasmosis?
The most common rickettsial infection in the US, it is mainly transmitted by the Dermacentor tick and is prevalent in the Southeast such as North Carolina
What is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
Attention: this fungal infection that causes Valley Fever is endemic in Arizona, California, New Mexico and yes, West Texas!
What is Coccidioidomycosis?
Humans handling infected animals, like rabbits and deer, are accidental hosts of this zoonosis caused by a gram-negative bacterium common in the South Central states, primarily Arkansas
What is Tularemia?
Lets travel this time to the tropicsthis potentially fatal spirochetal infection causes Weils syndrome and is acquired by exposure to the urine of infected carrier animals such as rats
What is Leptospirosis?
Tinnitus, vertigo, respiratory alkalosis and high gap metabolic acidosisand in kids, Reyes syndrome
What is aspirin toxicity?
Xanthopsia, or impaired yellow-green color perception, is a rare but characteristic adverse effect of toxicity from this oldest cardiac drug
What is Digoxin?
Chronic intake of this psych drug can cause kidney toxicity and nephrogenic DI
What is lithium?
Myelosuppression is a well-known hematologic adverse effect of this MRSA-fighting drug, especially when used longer than 2 weeks
What is linezolid?
Toxicity from this can cause high gap acidosis, high serum osmolality and oxalate crystals in the urine; it is common in antifreeze
What is ethylene glycol?
Osteoarthritic growth of the proximal interphalangeal joint
What is Bouchards node?
lymph node usually
suggestive of a
What is Virchows or Troisiers node?
Tender, red, raised
lesions on the hands or feet
subacute bacterial endocarditis
What are Oslers nodes?
First lymph node
reached by metastasizing
What is sentinel node?
Palpable metastatic node
in the umbilicus
What is Sister Mary Joseph node?
This Scottish Nobel Prize winner accidentally discovered the worlds first antibiotic named after the fungus from where it was isolated
Who is Sir Alexander Fleming?
Thank you for playing