Rces in kenya engaging policy for sustainable development
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RCEs in Kenya: Engaging policy for sustainable development. By Dr Ayub Macharia NEMA-Kenya. Presentation outline. ESD Policy development Legislation Sustainability targets Role of RCEs Challenges How challenges are being addressed Conclusion. Kenya constitution 2010.

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Rces in kenya engaging policy for sustainable development

RCEs in Kenya: Engaging policy for sustainable development

By

Dr Ayub Macharia

NEMA-Kenya


Presentation outline

Presentation outline

  • ESD Policy development

  • Legislation

  • Sustainability targets

  • Role of RCEs

  • Challenges

  • How challenges are being addressed

  • Conclusion


Kenya constitution 2010

Kenya constitution 2010

  • Chapter 2 Article 10 (2d) identifies sustainable development as a national value to be mainstreamed

  • Chapter 4 article 42 – Bill of Rights – Right of every person to a clean and healthy environment

  • This provision gives education a bigger opportunity to focus on ESD

  • Any reforms in education sector are anchored on the Kenya Constitution 2010


Policy legislation

Policy Legislation

  • Sessional paper No 14 of 2012 – Reforming education and training sector in Kenya” has rationalized delivery of education in Kenya including passage of relevant Acts by parliament

  • Environment policy being finalized


National esd policy

National ESD Policy

  • The National ESD Policy was validated by stakeholders in March 2012

  • Draft ESD policy was tabled to the National Environment Council on 1st November 2013

  • Next step – Approval by cabinet and Parliament


Legislation

Legislation

  • Section 5 of Basic Education Act establishes the National Education Board as an advisory body for the Cabinet secretary on education matters

  • NEB was appointed in August 2013

  • Section 42 d of the Basic Education Act stipulates that the NEB should prescribe to the Cabinet Secretary Environmental Protection Education for Sustainable Development


Education sector esd implementation initiatives

Education Sector - ESD Implementation initiatives

  • Institutional ESD policies done for Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology (JKUAT), & Pwani University

  • Establishment of ESD coordination desk in MOEST, Department of Education in the Directorate of Policy

  • The Ministry of Education has also entrenched ESD in the National Education Support Programme (NESSP) to be implemented in five years (2012 – 2018).

  • KICD currently working on draft curriculum developers orientation manual jointly with NEMA and Wildlife Clubs of Kenya


National education sector support programme

National Education Sector Support Programme

  • National Education Sector Support Programme (NESSP) being finalized and ESD is one of the investment programme under crosscutting issues to be implemented from 2013-2017

  • Priorities – customization of National ESD policy, review of curricula to realign with the constitution and mainstream ESD


Sustainability targets

Sustainability targets

  • It’s a national policy that all public institutions must implement sustainability targets

  • NEMA tasked with role of developing the targets, evaluating and reporting to central government

  • NEMA reports to Office of the President every quarter

  • NEMA builds the capacity of these institutions to mainstream and implement environmental sustainability targets


Esd strategy

ESD strategy

  • Kenya developed an ESD strategy in 2007 to guide all ESD interventions

  • ESD captured in Vision 2030

  • MTP1 of Vision 2030 committed to develop an ESD policy and curricula at all levels to be reoriented to ESD

  • Vision 2030 MTP2 plans to have the curriculum changed to mainstream the constitution

  • National ESD steering committee in place


Engaging policy makers

Engaging policy makers

  • Sensitization meetings held for

    • senior staff of 22 Ministries and

    • senior staff and senates of most universities in Kenya

  • Sensitization meetings on ESD for school teachers in collaboration with other institutions such as African Fund for Endangered Wildlife – Kenya (AFEW-K)

  • Production of reference materials such as Religious ESD Toolkit by KOEE, ESD Education pack for schools by AFEW-K

  • Media engagement is still very low


Engaging policy makers1

Engaging policy makers

  • 8th Global RCE conference

    • Governors forum

    • Commission for University Education Forum

    • Vice Chancellors forum

  • Purpose – Further engage the policy makers on ESD


Role of rces

Role of RCEs

  • A lot of synergies exist in mandatory activities done by public institutions in RCEs

  • Opportunity for develop major programme based on mandatory mandate

  • Funds allocated could be optimized if synergies harnessed e.g tree planting,

  • Big picture outlook encouraged


Esd projects

ESD Projects

  • Several ESD projects being undertaken with RCEs such as

    • RCE Mau on climate change education

    • RCE Greater Pwani on Biodiversity using Botanical Garden

    • RCE Greater Nairobi on solid waste management

  • Eco – Schools (Whole Institutions Approach) by KOEE

  • ESD Demonstration centres at Nairobi Primary Sch, Jamhuri high school and City Primary school,- Nairobi


Esd projects contd

ESD projects contd

  • Green points – 2 already constructed and 3 to be finalized this year. Provide exhibition space and community centre to showcase best practices in ESD

  • Green points to be ESD enterprise incubation centres

  • Replicate best practices


Key challenges

Key challenges

  • Concept of ESD not fully understood

  • Very few ESD experts

  • Lack of ESD learning materials especially in formal and non-formal level

  • Current curriculum is exam oriented and overloaded

  • No pre-service and in-service of teachers on ESD

  • Little ESD research being undertaken especially PAR

  • Inadequate resources – funds, experts

  • Inadequate dissemination of innovations and findings

  • Use of ICT to enhance ESD is minimal

  • M&E tool not well understood due to inadequate capacity


Challenges cont d

Challenges cont’d

  • Thinking globally and acting locally

  • Linkage with government and private sector initiatives

  • RCE action plans


How nema addresses the challenges

How NEMA addresses the challenges

  • Devolved contact persons from NEMA

  • National RCE network

  • Capturing RCE activities in NEMA workplans

  • Meeting with RCE coordinators

  • Capacity building and mentoring for upcoming RCEs

  • Funding some RCE activities e.g. botanic garden, solid waste project, climate change project


Interventions cont d

Interventions cont’d

  • Annual RCE conference

  • Roping in of policy makers and other project initiatives to RCE activities

  • Quarterly monitoring and evaluation by NEMA


Future prospects towards esd

Future prospects towardsESD

  • Adoption of ESD Policy by Cabinet & Parliament

  • Review of Curricula

  • Contextualization of ESD at County Level

  • ESD engagement agenda post 2014


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Policy framework is available to support ESD development in Kenya

  • RCEs have not harnessed synergies within their regional contexts

  • Need for enhanced policy engagement


Rces in kenya engaging policy for sustainable development

Thank you


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