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A young idler… ..an old beggar. Present simple vs present continuous. Conson + y = – ies ( study - studies ) O = es ( go – goes ) S, x, ch, sh = es ( watch - watches / mix -mixes ). Present simple. +. he/ she / it : -s -es (play s , go es ).

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A young idler… ..an old beggar

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A young idler an old beggar

A young idler…

..an old beggar


A young idler an old beggar

Present simple

vs

present continuous


A young idler an old beggar

  • Conson + y = – ies(study- studies)

  • O = es (go – goes)

  • S, x, ch, sh= es (watch- watches/ mix-mixes)

Present simple

+

he/ she / it : -s -es (plays, goes)

-

Don`t

Doesn´t

We don´t study

She doesn´t study

+

verb

?

Do you study ?

Does she study?

A + S + V ?

-

+

We study English

My sister watches TV

We don´t study English

My sister doesn´t watch TV

?

Do we study English?

Does my sister watch TV?


A young idler an old beggar

Present simple

The simple present lo usamos para :

Hábitos

acciones que ocurren regularmente, habitualmente

( frequency adverbs: -always, usually, often,

every day, every week, etc.)

Cosas que no suelen cambiar ( opiniones, conditiones, etc)

States


A young idler an old beggar

Habit

  • Young-Mi goes to class every day."Every day" es habitual.

  • It rains a lot in Vancouver.Significa que llueve con frecuencia.

  • Santos always talks about his family."Always" means this is a habit.

  • Jerry spends Christmas with his parents. Implica que pasa las Navidades con sus

  • padres todos los años.

States

  • Bianca lives in Florida. This is a state, because it doesn't change.

  • Jean-Paul has red hair.Someone's hair colour doesn't usually change.

  • Martin likes chocolate. When we like something, usually we will always like it.

  • Anna believes in God. Beliefs and opinions are states.

  • They don't often change.


A young idler an old beggar

Frequency adverbs and time expressions

At the end of the sentence

Howoften..?

I do yoga twice a week

  • Always

  • Usually

  • Often

  • Sometimes

  • Hardlyever

  • Never

  • Every day

  • Once a day / week / month..

  • Twice a day / week / month..

  • Three times a day / week / month..

  • Twelve times a day / week / month..

Before the verb

She often plays golf

After to be

They are always hungry


A young idler an old beggar

El verbo “to be “ se usa de forma distinta al resto de los verbos en inglés.

Es un verbo irregular Be Was /Were Been

Así que el Present Simple del verbo to be es:

+

-

?

I am not

Youaren´t

He isn´t

Sheisn´t

Itisn´t

Wearen´t

Youaren´t

Theyaren´t

AmI..?

Are You..?

Is he.. ?

Isshe..?

Isit..?

Are we..?

Are you..?

Are they..?

I am

You are

He is

Sheis

Itis

We are

You are

They are


A young idler an old beggar

Lo mismo ocurre con el verbo “have got” – que significa tener-poseer.

Aquí igual que con “to be” no hace falta un auxiliar para hacer las formas

negativa e interrogativa.

Así el Present Simple del verbo “have got” será.

+

-

?

I havegot

Youhavegot

He has got

She has got

It has got

Wehavegot

Youhavegot

Theyhavegot

I haven´tgot

Youhaven´tgot

He hasn´tgot

Shehasn´tgot

Ithasn´tgot

Wehaven´tgot

Youhaven´tgot

Theyhaven´tgot

Have I got ?

Haveyougot ?

Has he got ?

Has shegot?

Has itgot ?

Havewegot ?

Haveyougot ?

Havetheygot ?


A young idler an old beggar

Hay…

+

?

-

Thereis

Thereisn´t

Isthere..?

Singular

plural

There are

There aren´t

Are there..?

+

Thereis+ a + contable singular

Thereis+ some + incontable

There are + some + contable plural

Thereisn´t+ a + contable singular

Thereisn´t+ any + incontable

Therearen´t+ any + contable plural

-

Isthere+ a + contable singular

Isthere+ any + incontable

Are there+ any + contable plural

?


A young idler an old beggar

Complete the sentences. Use the present simple form of these verbs .

do go like listen play

1. I _______ collecting things.

2 . Paul _______ to music on the bus.

3 . Nicola _______ shopping on Saturdays.

4 . My brother _______ martial arts.

5 . My friend and I _______ computer games.

like

listens

goes

does

play

Make the sentences negative

  • I don´tlikecollectingthings

  • Paul doesn´t listen tomusiconthe bus

  • Nicola doesn´tgoshopping onSaturdays

  • My brotherdoesn´t do martialarts

  • My friends and I don´tplaycomputergames


A young idler an old beggar

Write sentences.Use the present simple form of the verb and an adverb of frequency.

always √√√√√ usually √√√√ often √√√ sometimes √√hardly ever √ never X

1. I / be / happy! √√√√√

2. my sister / watch / films √

3. I / play / football √√

4. our teacher / be / nice √√√√

5. we / go / to England X

my dad / make / lunch √√√

My dad often makes lunch.

I am always happy

My sister hardly ever watches films

I sometimes play football

Our teacher is usually nice

We never go to England


A young idler an old beggar

Write questions and short answers. Use the present simple.

1 you / like fashion?Yes

2 your teacher / speak Japanese?No,

3 your cousins / live in Spain?Yes,

4 you / play chess?No,

5 your best friend / study English?Yes,

Do you like fashion? Yes, I do

Does your teacher speak Japanese? No, she doesn´t

Do your cousins live in Spain? Yes, they do

Do you play chess? No, I don´t

Does your best friend study English? Yes, she does


A young idler an old beggar

Am

Is

Are

+

present continuous

V-ing

+

  • V monosilábicos q terminan en 1 vocal + 1 cons., doblan cons.

  • Run—runningswim—swimming

  • V de dos sílabas y acento en la 2ª, doblan consonante

  • Begin—beginning

  • Verbos que acaban en l , doblan l

  • Travel—travelling

  • Verbos que acaban en -ie , cambia a y + ing

  • Die—dying

I am studying

you are studying

he is studying

-

I am not studying

You aren´t studying

He isn´t studying

Time expressions

Now, at themoment,

Today

Look! Listen!

?

Am I studying?

Are you studying?

Is he studying?

A + S + V ?


A young idler an old beggar

present continuous

The present continuous tense se usa para:

Una acción temporal que está ocurriendo

ahora:

Algo que está ocurriendo ahora pero parará en el futuro)

Un plan para el futuro :

Algo que tenemos planeado y la intención de hacer en un futuro cercano


A young idler an old beggar

Temporary action happening now

  • John is winning the game.Justo ahora, John is winning, pero el juego no

  • ha terminado aún.

  • It's raining outside. Llueve justo ahora (pero puede que pare pronto).

  • Soraya's working in the library.Está trabajando allí ahora.

  • Sihol is spending Christmas with his family.Está pasando las Navidades con su

  • familia ahora, este año.

  • (puede que el año que viene ya no.)


A young idler an old beggar

A definite plan for the future

  • I'm playing soccer tomorrow.Es algo seguro, ya está arreglado y organizado.

  • Sarah's leaving for San Francisco on Friday. Probablemente ya tenga el billete

  • The Olympics are taking place here next year.Es algo cierto y seguro.

  • I'm having a party next week. Ya están hechos todos los preparativos.


A young idler an old beggar

Non-continuous verbs / Stative verbs

  • Hay algunos verbos que no se suelen usar en las formas contínuas.

  • Son verbos que se refieren a estados y no a acciones. Como estos:

  • verbos que describen procesos mentales y opiniones:think, believe, remember, know, forget, agree, disagree…

  • verbos que describen emociones:want, like, love, hate, adore, detest…

  • verbs que describen los sentidos:see, hear, taste, feel, smell…

  • Esto no significa que sea imposible ver estos verbos con la -ing.

  • Significa que es poco usual y que se usaría para alguna situación específica


A young idler an old beggar

  • Write questions. Then complete the short answers. Use the present continuous

1 your friends / watch / a film? Yes

2 Jon / have / a shower? No

3 you / do / an exam? Yes,

4 it / snow / now? Yes,

5 Anna / listen / to her new CD? Yes

6 your parents / tidy / the house? No

Are your friends watching a film?

Yes, they are.

Is Jon having a shower?

No, he isn’t.

Are you doing an exam?

Yes, I am.

Is it snowing now?

Yes, it is.

Is Anna listening to her new CD?

Yes, she is.

Are your parents tidying the house?

No, they aren’t


A young idler an old beggar

Translate these sentences

  • Eva está tocando el piano

  • Normalmente bebo té, pero hoy estoy bebiendo café

  • ¿Qué haces? Estoy estudiando

  • ¿Qué hacen Juan y Luisa? Están viendo la tele

  • ¿Qué hacen Agustín y Laura? Son médicos

  • Me gusta esa canción. ¿Quién la canta?

Eva isplayingthe piano

I usuallydrink tea, buttodayI´mdrinkingcoffee

What are youdoing? I´mstudying

What are Juan y Luisa doing? They are watching TV

What do Agustín y Laura do? They are doctors

I likethatsong. Whoissinging?


A young idler an old beggar

Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the present simple or present continuous.

1. We _________ (do) a test at the moment.

2. My parents _________ (not work) on Sundays.

3. _______ your mum _________ (work) today?

4. My sister _________ (get up) at seven o’clock every morning.

5. I ____________ (not meet) my friends this evening.

6. _____ your best friend ______ (live) near you?

7. Jaime _________ (not like) dancing.

8. Look! Pedro _________ (copy) my answers!

9. _____ you often _________ (speak) English?

10. I never _________ (play) tennis in winter.

are doing

don´t work

Is

working

gets up

am not meeting

Does

live

doesn´t like

is copying

Do

speak

play


A young idler an old beggar

Use the verbs in brackets to fill the gaps

I can´tgo shopping now. I (work)

Bob neverduringtheweek (goout)

Where´sJim? He withfriends (stay)

Whatthisafternoon (do)? Nothing

Rhinos in Africa, India and Indonesia. (live)

Thisyear I French and German. (study)

Weto Manchester tomorrow (go)

Look out of thewindow! It (rain)

Itnever in Murcia (snow)

Hi, is Alison there?

Yes, but can you ring back in 10 minutes? She a shower (have)

11.He swimmingeveryday (go)

12. Rightnow, I tomusic and surfingthe Net (listen)

am working

goes out

is staying

are you doing

live

am studying

are going

is raining

snows

is having

goes

am listening


A young idler an old beggar

Write sentences. Use the present simple and the adverbs of frequency.

1 I / go / swimming (often)

2 we / be / bored (hardly ever)

3 our teacher / speak / English (always)

4 I / be / late (never)

5 Marta / watch / horror films (sometimes)

I often go swimming

We are hardly ever bored

Our teacher always speaks in English

I am never late

Marta sometimes watches horror films


A young idler an old beggar

Complete the email. Use the present simple or present continuous form of the verbs in brackets.

Hi Jodie,

I (1) ___________ (write) to you from my new house! It’s great. It’s near the coast, so I (2) ______ (go) to the beach every weekend. I (3) _____ (send) you a photo – it’s the view from my window!

How’s your family? My brother (4) ___________ (study) a lot at the moment because he’s got his exams soon. My sister still (5) ___ (play) basketball every week, although she (6) _______ (notbe) with the same team because it’s too far. My parents have got the same jobs, but they (7) ___________ (drive) to work now instead of taking the train.

I still love music! At the moment I (8) ___________ (listen) to the new Coldplay CD. As you can see, I (9) ___________ (not do) my homework at the moment! My new English teacher always (10) ________ (give) us a lot of homework, so I’ll finish this email now …

See you soon,

Sam

am writing

go

am sending

is studying

plays

isn´t

drive

am listening

am not doing

gives


A young idler an old beggar

Complete the table with the time expressions and adverbs of frequency below.

  • today • now • often • on Sundays • every year • tomorrow night

  • • this morning • at this moment • twice a week • usually

today

often

on Sundays

now

every year

tomorrow night

twice a week

this morning

usually

at this moment


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