A young idler… ..an old beggar. Present simple vs present continuous. Conson + y = – ies ( study - studies ) O = es ( go – goes ) S, x, ch, sh = es ( watch - watches / mix -mixes ). Present simple. +. he/ she / it : -s -es (play s , go es ).
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A young idler…
..an old beggar
he/ she / it : -s -es (plays, goes)
We don´t study
She doesn´t study
Do you study ?
Does she study?
A + S + V ?
We study English
My sister watches TV
We don´t study English
My sister doesn´t watch TV
Do we study English?
Does my sister watch TV?
The simple present lo usamos para :
acciones que ocurren regularmente, habitualmente
( frequency adverbs: -always, usually, often,
every day, every week, etc.)
Cosas que no suelen cambiar ( opiniones, conditiones, etc)
Frequency adverbs and time expressions
At the end of the sentence
I do yoga twice a week
Before the verb
She often plays golf
After to be
They are always hungry
El verbo “to be “ se usa de forma distinta al resto de los verbos en inglés.
Es un verbo irregular Be Was /Were Been
Así que el Present Simple del verbo to be es:
I am not
Is he.. ?
Lo mismo ocurre con el verbo “have got” – que significa tener-poseer.
Aquí igual que con “to be” no hace falta un auxiliar para hacer las formas
negativa e interrogativa.
Así el Present Simple del verbo “have got” será.
He has got
She has got
It has got
Have I got ?
Has he got ?
Has itgot ?
Thereis+ a + contable singular
Thereis+ some + incontable
There are + some + contable plural
Thereisn´t+ a + contable singular
Thereisn´t+ any + incontable
Therearen´t+ any + contable plural
Isthere+ a + contable singular
Isthere+ any + incontable
Are there+ any + contable plural
Complete the sentences. Use the present simple form of these verbs .
do go like listen play
1. I _______ collecting things.
2 . Paul _______ to music on the bus.
3 . Nicola _______ shopping on Saturdays.
4 . My brother _______ martial arts.
5 . My friend and I _______ computer games.
Make the sentences negative
Write sentences.Use the present simple form of the verb and an adverb of frequency.
always √√√√√ usually √√√√ often √√√ sometimes √√hardly ever √ never X
1. I / be / happy! √√√√√
2. my sister / watch / films √
3. I / play / football √√
4. our teacher / be / nice √√√√
5. we / go / to England X
my dad / make / lunch √√√
My dad often makes lunch.
I am always happy
My sister hardly ever watches films
I sometimes play football
Our teacher is usually nice
We never go to England
Write questions and short answers. Use the present simple.
1 you / like fashion?Yes
2 your teacher / speak Japanese?No,
3 your cousins / live in Spain?Yes,
4 you / play chess?No,
5 your best friend / study English?Yes,
Do you like fashion? Yes, I do
Does your teacher speak Japanese? No, she doesn´t
Do your cousins live in Spain? Yes, they do
Do you play chess? No, I don´t
Does your best friend study English? Yes, she does
I am studying
you are studying
he is studying
I am not studying
You aren´t studying
He isn´t studying
Now, at themoment,
Am I studying?
Are you studying?
Is he studying?
A + S + V ?
The present continuous tense se usa para:
Una acción temporal que está ocurriendo
Algo que está ocurriendo ahora pero parará en el futuro)
Un plan para el futuro :
Algo que tenemos planeado y la intención de hacer en un futuro cercano
Temporary action happening now
A definite plan for the future
Non-continuous verbs / Stative verbs
1 your friends / watch / a film? Yes
2 Jon / have / a shower? No
3 you / do / an exam? Yes,
4 it / snow / now? Yes,
5 Anna / listen / to her new CD? Yes
6 your parents / tidy / the house? No
Are your friends watching a film?
Yes, they are.
Is Jon having a shower?
No, he isn’t.
Are you doing an exam?
Yes, I am.
Is it snowing now?
Yes, it is.
Is Anna listening to her new CD?
Yes, she is.
Are your parents tidying the house?
No, they aren’t
Translate these sentences
Eva isplayingthe piano
I usuallydrink tea, buttodayI´mdrinkingcoffee
What are youdoing? I´mstudying
What are Juan y Luisa doing? They are watching TV
What do Agustín y Laura do? They are doctors
I likethatsong. Whoissinging?
Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the present simple or present continuous.
1. We _________ (do) a test at the moment.
2. My parents _________ (not work) on Sundays.
3. _______ your mum _________ (work) today?
4. My sister _________ (get up) at seven o’clock every morning.
5. I ____________ (not meet) my friends this evening.
6. _____ your best friend ______ (live) near you?
7. Jaime _________ (not like) dancing.
8. Look! Pedro _________ (copy) my answers!
9. _____ you often _________ (speak) English?
10. I never _________ (play) tennis in winter.
am not meeting
Use the verbs in brackets to fill the gaps
I can´tgo shopping now. I (work)
Bob neverduringtheweek (goout)
Where´sJim? He withfriends (stay)
Whatthisafternoon (do)? Nothing
Rhinos in Africa, India and Indonesia. (live)
Thisyear I French and German. (study)
Weto Manchester tomorrow (go)
Look out of thewindow! It (rain)
Itnever in Murcia (snow)
Hi, is Alison there?
Yes, but can you ring back in 10 minutes? She a shower (have)
11.He swimmingeveryday (go)
12. Rightnow, I tomusic and surfingthe Net (listen)
are you doing
Write sentences. Use the present simple and the adverbs of frequency.
1 I / go / swimming (often)
2 we / be / bored (hardly ever)
3 our teacher / speak / English (always)
4 I / be / late (never)
5 Marta / watch / horror films (sometimes)
I often go swimming
We are hardly ever bored
Our teacher always speaks in English
I am never late
Marta sometimes watches horror films
Complete the email. Use the present simple or present continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
I (1) ___________ (write) to you from my new house! It’s great. It’s near the coast, so I (2) ______ (go) to the beach every weekend. I (3) _____ (send) you a photo – it’s the view from my window!
How’s your family? My brother (4) ___________ (study) a lot at the moment because he’s got his exams soon. My sister still (5) ___ (play) basketball every week, although she (6) _______ (notbe) with the same team because it’s too far. My parents have got the same jobs, but they (7) ___________ (drive) to work now instead of taking the train.
I still love music! At the moment I (8) ___________ (listen) to the new Coldplay CD. As you can see, I (9) ___________ (not do) my homework at the moment! My new English teacher always (10) ________ (give) us a lot of homework, so I’ll finish this email now …
See you soon,
am not doing
Complete the table with the time expressions and adverbs of frequency below.
twice a week
at this moment