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The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

Julia Roberts, Sunny Lee, Brittany Sutter

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Introduction
Introduction A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • The hypothesis that depressed affect arises in response to an analytically and attentionally challenging problem predicts that subjects with low levels of pre-existing depression should experience an increase after exposure to the intervention.

  • The RAPM intervention was attentionally demanding

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Procedure
Procedure A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • Participants

    • 115 University students

  • Control Group (50)

    • Completed T1 and T2 assessments

  • Intervention Group (65)

    • Given an intervention (RAPM) in between T1 and T2 then a short form of RAPM at the end

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Results
Results A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • Divided their results into groups according to depression levels

    • High, medium, and low

Change in Depression Effect

T2-T1

Adapted from

(Andrews et al., 2007, p.593)

Initial Depression Levels

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Discussion
Discussion A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • Those with low levels of depression became significantly more depressed with the intervention

  • While those with high levels of depression had significantly lower T2 scores, because the goal was to distract them from their current challenging problems in their life

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Video clip
Video Clip A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PP7JqS2EqZs&feature=SeriesPlayList&p=D4F7816B052B8643

  • @5:33

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Critical review
Critical Review A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • Interesting and informative

    • 1- Initially stressed people end up to be less stressed after a stressful intervention.

    • 2- Age and gender have no effect

    • 3- those in the control group with high stress got more stressed

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


Critical review1
Critical Review A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms

  • Criticisms

    • 1- Did not try to stress them out with any other method besides the RAPM

    • 2- Higher percentage of females

    • 3- College students

Andrews, P.W., Aggen, S. H., Miller, G.F., Radi, C., Dencoff, J.E., & Neale, M.C. (2007). The functional design of depression influence on attention: A preliminary test of alternative control-process mechanisms. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(3), 584-604.


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