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American Culture. Section 3.3. Main Idea. Enlightenment ideas and the Great Awakening brought new ways of thinking to the colonists, and a unique American culture developed. Great Awakening. Focus on work and wealth distracted colonists away from their religious faiths.

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American culture

American Culture

Section 3.3


Main idea
Main Idea

  • Enlightenment ideas and the Great Awakening brought new ways of thinking to the colonists, and a unique American culture developed.


Great awakening
Great Awakening

  • Focus on work and wealth distracted colonists away from their religious faiths.

  • In the 1730s colonists began to rediscover their spiritual freedom.

  • The GA became a major religious revival.

  • Preacher Jonathan Edwards lead the revivals by emphasizing a personal relationship with God.

  • Edwards also scared Christians into moral behavior by describing the terrors of hell.



Great awakening1
Great Awakening

  • Importance

    • Increase in church membership

    • New Protestant denominations (Methodists, Baptists)

    • Founding of new colleges

    • United many colonists


Enlightenment
Enlightenment

  • New scientific advancements in the 1500s and 1600s + discovery of the New World lead to challenges in traditional European ways of thinking.

  • Philosophers in the 1700s began to question religion, politics, and the economics of the time.


John locke
John Locke

  • Theorized the idea that all humans are born with “natural rights” that no king or clergy (church leader) can morally deny.

  • Also pioneered the social contract theory: government should protect citizens rights or be overthrown.


Baron de montesquieu
Baron de Montesquieu

  • Concerned with tyrannical kings, he suggested separation of powers.

  • Instead of an all powerful king, government should be divided into executive, legislative, and judicial branches to prevent the abuse of power.


Other enlightenment ideas
Other Enlightenment Ideas

  • Changes to crime and punishment

  • Diesm is the belief in a God that created the earth and it’s natural laws, but was not concerned with human behavior.

  • Educational reforms

  • Rights for women and minorities.


Enlightenment in america
Enlightenment in America

  • A young Thomas Jefferson read the philosophers work with intrigue.

  • He, along with other leaders would use these ideas when creating our new nation.

  • The best known colonial American was Benjamin Franklin.

  • Franklin experimented with science as well as publishing books.

  • Franklin’s worldwide fame would be crucial for the colonies during the Revolution.


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