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THE ROLE OF HOUSING POLICY. REDUCING EXTREME INCOME DISPARITIES UNECE/UNDP seminar (Geneva 2-3 October 2003) Dr. Iskra DANDOLOVA Bulgarian Academy of sciences. Outline. Housing policy concept Housing in SEE Current trends in housing policy development in SEE

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The role of housing policy l.jpg

THE ROLE OF HOUSING POLICY

REDUCING EXTREME INCOME DISPARITIES

UNECE/UNDP seminar

(Geneva 2-3 October 2003)

Dr. Iskra DANDOLOVA

Bulgarian Academy of sciences


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Outline

  • Housing policy concept

  • Housing in SEE

  • Current trends in housing policy development in SEE

  • Relevance of social housing policy

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


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Housing policy concept

  • Housing : a basic physical & social need

  • Housing is inextricably linked to people’s physical survival and security

  • Symbol of existence, identity, solidarity

  • Basic place for labour activities

  • Key factor for stabilizing population movements

  • Instrument for managing the dynamic processes of urbanization and migration

  • Analysis of specialized housing information is a condition for developing a successful housing policy

  • Housing and poverty


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Housing policy = Acces to Housing

  • Regulation of the market

  • Housing provision

  • Provision of social protection and social services support

  • Empowerment of vulnerable people


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Building blocks of Housing policy aims:

Housing policy = HM + SH + RE

  • 1. Access through the Marketplace

  • 2. Redistribution through the State : Social housing

  • 3. Reciprocal exchange


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Current Trends in Housing Policy Development in SEE

Housing policy development process is decelerated by:

  • Decentralization

  • Mass Privatization

  • Restitution


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General Housing statistics in EU & SEE

  • EU : 377 mln people occupy 171 mls housing units

    (incl. 7% vacant units)

  • 3 mls homeless

  • 18 mls in inadequate accommodation

  • 300 – 500 dwellings per 1000 inhabitants

  • SEE 1990 : 59 mln people occupy 19 mln (approx)

  • SEE 2001 : 56 mln people occupy ??? mln housing units

  • ??? mln homeless

  • 2 mln people homeless as a result of the conflicts

  • 5 mln people deeply affected in housing by the conflicts

  • ??? mln units in inadequate accommodation

  • 150 – 450 dwellings per 1000 inhabitants


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Current Trends in Housing Policy Development in the SEE Region

  • Specific historical and geopolitical challenges of the region

  • Brief and frail history of the social housing before the transition

  • Emergence of SH notion with the reform process

  • Some good social policy elaboration examples: Croatia and Romania

  • Lack of clear division of competencies between central and local government

  • Lack of specialized participants


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Current Trends in Social Housing Policy Development Region

It has been observed in the region the setting up of a selection criteria for the demand

  • Elaboration of a set of criteria used by authorities for granting access to SH

  • In some current practices, the economic criteria are the most used criteria for screening social housing candidates


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Current Trends in Social Housing Policy Development Region

Inadequate availability of SH stocks

  • Insufficient new construction

    Some new constructions are privatized

    A small number of new dwellings have been completed

  • Unused potential of private housing in the social housing policy ; It is not used as an instrument in the policy ; the private stock has a strong potential for enlarging social housing stock



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Relevance of social housing policy Region

  • Every country in the region has a great interest in

  • assuring a social housing strategy:

  • to protect vulnerable groups

  • to ensure social cohesion

  • to facilitate labour mobility

  • stabilize young countries


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The Building Blocks of Social Housing Policy Region

Access

Institution

Legislation

Social housing stock

Eligible vulnerable groups

  • access to SH is possible through a clear legal base and system of institutions

  • right to access is not a real access


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EU Housing policy benchmark Region

To promote reforms towards a democratic model

  • Addressing the issues in accordance with European Standards, the European Social Charter and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

    EU Council in Nice Dec/2000 objectives:

  • To facilitate participation in employment and access to all resources, rights, goods, services

  • To prevent the risk of exclusion

  • To help the most vulnerable

  • To mobilise all relevant bodies


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The new paradigm to housing policy : Region

  • Housing as economic engine

    Instruments for enabling housing policy:

  • Property rights

  • Mortgage finance

  • Subsidies

  • Residential land

  • Building industry


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Recommendations Region

  • Establishment of a legal base and a system of institutions

  • Targeting eligible vulnerable groups

  • Clear definition of the competencies of the relevant authorities, establishment of a permanent national unit

  • Designing specific financing mechanisms to ensure fiscally sustainable flow of resources for SH


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Recommendations Region

  • Using private stock in the enlargement of the SH capacity. Incentives should be designed for private owner to rent dwellings to people in need

  • Definition of an allocation system, giving a priority to well targeted groups

  • Avoidance of the creation of entire residential areas

  • Providing training for personnel


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Conclusion Region

Housing policy is a major factor against poverty:

  • Address Identification of individuals

  • Protection & relative security

  • Privacy

  • Facilities for physical needs

  • Facilities for social alternatives

  • Potencial for individual development

  • Potencial for labour activities (in/about)

  • Makes people socialy inclusive

    THE SUCCESS OF THE HOUSING POLICY ULTIMATELY DEPENDS ON ITS CONSTRUCTION AS AN INTEGRAL SYSTEM.


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