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Die Vergangenheit (simple past) Verben, die Sie bereits in der Vergangenheit kennen:

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Die Vergangenheit (simple past) Verben, die Sie bereits in der Vergangenheit kennen: sein haben. “sein” follows an irregular (strong) simple past ending pattern, while “haben” follows a regular (weak) ending pattern. Compare the endings for the regular and irregular patterns:

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Die Vergangenheit (simple past)

Verben, die Sie bereits in der Vergangenheit kennen:

sein haben

slide2
“sein” follows an irregular (strong) simple past

ending pattern, while “haben” follows a regular

(weak) ending pattern. Compare the endings for

the regular and irregular patterns:

Irregular Regular

ich --te

du sttest

er/sie/es --te

wir enten

ihr ttet

sie/Sie enten

what happens to the stem
What happens to the stem?

The simple past verbs follow one of the two

ending patterns above, but changes may also take

place with the verb stem. As far as stem changes,

there are three different possibilities:

1. no change at all  truly regular (weak)

2. slight change in stem, but still regular endings

 semi-irregular

3. change in stem + irregular endings  truly

irregular (strong)

beispiele
Beispiele

Truly regular (weak):

machen (stem: mach)

ich machte wir machten

du machtest ihr machtet

er/sie/es machte sie/Sie machten

slide5
Semi-irregular: stem change + reg. endings

bringen (stem: bring)

ich brachte wir brachten

du brachtest ihr brachtet

er/sie/es brachte sie/Sie brachten

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Truly irregular (strong):

gehen (stem: geh)

ich ging wir gingen

du gingst ihr gingt

er/sie/es ging sie/Sie gingen

slide7
Regular, semi-irregular or irregular?Which category do the following verbs belong to and what is their simple past form?

Verb Category Simple Past

spielen regular spielte

denken semi-irregular dachte

fahren irregular fuhr

schlafen irregular schlief

zeigen regular zeigte

ziehen irregular zog

trinken irregular trank

nennen semi-irregular nannte

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