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Mesopotamia. City-States. Geography of the Fertile Crescent. Geography. Arc of land that provided good farming Located in SW Asia Mesopotamia “land between rivers” in the Persian gulf and Med. Sea Rivers: Tigris and Euphrates.

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mesopotamia

Mesopotamia

City-States

geography
Geography
  • Arc of land that provided good farming
  • Located in SW Asia
  • Mesopotamia “land between rivers” in the Persian gulf and Med. Sea
  • Rivers: Tigris and Euphrates
slide4
Every year the rivers flooded the land, and then receded leaving a thick mud called silt.
  • Soil was rich for farming and grew large quantities of wheat and barley.
  • Villages grew
environmental challenges
Environmental Challenges
  • Sumerians- 1st to settle in Mesopotamia
  • 3 challenges

1. Unpredictable flooding/drought

2. No natural barriers

for protection

3. Limited natural resources

solving problems
Solving Problems
  • Dug irrigation ditches
  • Built city walls with mud bricks
  • Traded goods for more raw materials
  • These projects led to an organized gov’t in Sumeria
city states a city and surrounding country side with its own gov t
City- States: a city and surrounding country-side with its own gov’t
  • Each city-state acted like its own mini country
  • All city-states shared in the Sumerian culture
priests and rulers share control
Priests and rulers share control
  • Governments ruled by Priests
  • In time of war-a tough fighter would command the army.
  • A commanders power ended after the war
  • Over time…priests gave commanders permanent control and become full time leaders
  • Dynasty: series of rulers from 1 family
sumerian culture
Sumerian Culture
  • Polytheism: belief in many gods
  • Gods were immortal and all powerful
  • People worked hard to earn protection
slide10
Life
  • Kings landlords

__________________________________

  • Wealthy Merchants

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  • Farmers, Artisans

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  • Slaves
science and technology
Science and Technology
  • Used arithmetic and geometry
  • Arches, ramps, wheel, sailboats
  • Created a writing system-cuneiform
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