Lithuania. Dan Natzke Geog. 308.001. Location. Southeast corner of the Baltic Littoral. Borders with Russia, Poland, Belarus and Latvia Geographical center of Europe near Moletai, 25 km north of Vilnius. Russia. Landscape. Characterized by low rolling hills,
Golden Age (13 – 14thC)
1385 – Last state in Europe to Christianize.
1410 – Battle of Zalgiris (Tannenberg).
1569 – Union of Lublin formalized the poli-
tical union between Poland and Lithuania.
1569 – 1795 The Commonwealth of Poland-
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
K. of Poland
Russification 1863 – 1905
-Language and alphabet
-Simultaneous national revival
Predominantly Roman Catholic (79%)
Old Believers 0.8%
Historically large Jewish population (up
to 240,000 before WWII).
Practicing Jews in 2002 at 1,272 (.037%).
Small Sunni Muslim population at
Karaim – originally a Turkic people who
practice the Mosaic/Karaim faith
number 258 faithful.
1970’s – demand for energy doubled
every four years.
Energy resource poor Lithuania depen-
dent on foreign fuel.
Druzhba oil pipeline
coal and gas
Baltic oil exploration beginning
Increasing industrialization and urba-
nization required greater fuel supply,
potentially straining available resources.
Nuclear power provided the answer.