Detecting fake materials. Key clues. Fraudulent box. A missing icon could mean the label is fake, but the 0335 date code on a brand new box is a clue…. Labeling mistakes. Labeling. Misspelled words tell you this bag was not made in a legal factory. It is a fake. Misspelling. Labeling.
A missing icon could mean the label is fake, but the 0335 date code on a brand new
box is a clue…
Misspelled words tell you this bag was not made in a legal factory.
It is a fake
This label has a misspelled company name.
You may assume that Motorola did not print this
The Elantec label on the top was printed and then cut out and pasted above the large label.
Notice the difference between the fonts used in the top and bottom “Elantec” words
Logos and Fonts
Example of a component that has failed
Detecting fake ink markings
A mixture of 3-parts mineral spirits and 1-part alcohol is used for testing a re-marked component
Mil-STD-883 (method 2015.13) requires markings to withstand a swab wash without fading
Mil-STD-202 (method 215) provides for a similar test
Look for smeared ink.
It could be a fake component
Notice the white ink stamped part number on top, and the previous laser cut part number underneath
Ink over laser marking
Frequently, a reworked component will have the top surface removed and re-coated to hidescratches - known as “black topping”
TYPICAL SURFACE MOUNT COMPONENT
If top surface has been removed, the pin-1 dimple will be ill-defined and grainy
Look for machine scratches on the leads to verify they are not reworked
How it’s done
A top surface without a falsetop coating to hide sanding marks
Laser marking on top
This is a remarked component with a false top coating.
Notice the grainy texture and the pin-1 dimple is not smooth and shiny
This is a good part.
Notice the smooth bottom surface of the circular area & the sharp letters in the word “Korea”
Left of the line has been washed with
acetone to remove the false coating.
You can see the original part underneath
False coating washed away
Notice the false coating material in the
bottom of the circular area.
not belong there. This part is modified
False coating spilled into relief area
The material running down the side is the
“false top” coating material used by the
counterfeiter to cover the scratches left by removing the old part number
False coating spilled down the side of the component
The false top coating has been removed to show the original surface
The fake coating comes off on the Q-tip when an acetone wash is used
Acetone is not used for the marker test
This is a good part. Notice the copper showing on the lead tips. Also notice the shiny scratches on the inside of the leads. These scratches are left there when they are bent
A good part looks like this
This is a part that has been reworked illegally.
Notice there is no copper showing on the lead tips and the shiny areas that should be on the lead curves are filled in with solder
A re-worked part
This a used part pretending to be a new part.
The round circular area on each lead is caused by the part having been plugged into a circuit for a very long time
One sure sign
The two pin holes seen on the sides of this component lead are caused by a rework program to recoat the lead.
The dimples are caused by impurities -- never seen when coming from a factory
Re-coated leads with impurities
Re-coated leads showing prior use
Different country of origin
Different dies/stamps and country identification
Actual Inspection Report
…One of eight members re-writing the IDEA-1010 inspection standard
…One of a nine-member team creating the SAE G-19 standard for using X-ray systems to detect counterfeits
…Consulting on the creation and writing of a new Quality Management System for independent distributors (QMS-IDEA-9090)
…Presented detection material to NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory
…Presented numerous white papers on counterfeit mitigation at various trade shows and seminars
Setting standards, writing papers, teaching others…
ITAR (registered & compliant)
Specialty hardware, FSC 5961, 5962
IDEA (board member)
SMTA (local officer)
Participation & membership
IDEA inspection process
Where it counts
Over $1M invested in equipment to detect counterfeiting, including real-time X-ray, decap, and solderability
Strict certification method and tracking of our supplier network with flow-down requirement process
All quality engineers are certified under the IDEA- ICE-3000 professional inspector program
Early adoption of AS6081 and QMS-IDEA-9090
Recertification of all inspectors with the release of IDEA-STD-1010B test
Environmental management plan compliant to ISO 14001
Quality Has No Finish Line