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Bell work. Find the piece of paper with your name on it and sit at that table. Read p. 315 “Health & Safety” Answer on a sheet of paper: Which of these guidelines for preventing childhood obesity do you think would have the greatest impact and why?. Promoting Development. Parenting: Unit 2.

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Bell work

Bell work

  • Find the piece of paper with your name on it and sit at that table.

  • Read p. 315 “Health & Safety”

  • Answer on a sheet of paper: Which of these guidelines for preventing childhood obesity do you think would have the greatest impact and why?


Promoting development

Promoting Development

Parenting: Unit 2


Objectives

Objectives

Identify ways parents can promote physical development (2.4)

Give examples of ways parents can promote physical development (2.4.2)


Tips for promoting physical development p 4

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

  • 1. Assist In Physical Growth and Development

    • EncourageManual Dexterity—ability to manipulate objects with the hands

    • Understand that at birth an infants’ movements are controlled by reflexes, which are automatic responses to stimulation

    • Encourage development of the senses.


Sensory development

Sensory development

  • Vision

    • Birth – Infants can focus only at close range, a distance of 8-10 inches.

    • Within a few weeks a baby can track or follow by sight the movement of an abject or person.

    • By three of four months babies begin developing depth perception; the ability to see objects as 3 dimensional. This is fully developed by 7 months.


Sensory development1

Sensory development

  • Hearing –

  • Babies are able to hear before they are even born.

  • Newborns pay attention to their parents’ voices and may even stop moving when a conversation stops.

  • Newborns learn to recognize an individuals voice who speaks to them often.

  • Often startled by loud noises; doorbell, dog barking, etc.


Sensory development2

Sensory development

Touch –

The sense of touch is fully developed at birth.

When infants cry they can often be calmed down by holding and/or cuddling them close to your chest.

Some babies feel comfortable when wrapped in a blanket.


Sensory development3

Sensory development

  • Taste –

  • Newborns have a well-developed sense of taste.

  • Researchers have found that within hours of birth they can distinguish among sweet, sour, and bitter tastes

  • Not surprisingly, they prefer sweet ones!

  • Munchkin Fresh Food feeder. 2pk= $6.99


Sensory development4

Sensory development

  • Smell –

  • The sense of smell develops very soon after birth.

  • In the first few days an infant will recognize and prefer the smell of their mother, or primary caregiver.

  • Since babies are so sensitive to smells, parents should avoid exposing them to strong odors.


Tips for promoting physical development p 41

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

2. Promote Nutrition and Fitness

  • Feed them nutritious foods!

  • Don’t force them to finish their plates!

  • Avoid harmful foods

    (Under 4 years)—

    • Small hard foods such as nuts, seeds, popcorn, chips, pretzels, raw carrots, and raisins

    • Slippery food such as while grapes, large pieces of hot dog, hard candy, and cough drops


Tips for promoting physical development p 42

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

  • 3. Promote Good Eating Habits

    • Introduce foods…make it fun!

    • Serve finger foods, room temp, mildly flavored and make plates attractive and fun

    • Remember—Monkey see, Monkey do! (Practice what you preach!)

    • Handle finicky eaters with care (see p. 314-315)


Tips for promoting physical development p 43

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

  • 4. Promote Physical Activity

    • Model this!

    • Remember that exercise strengthens the brain as well as the body.

    • The habits children get into will become habits they will have as teens and adults.

    • Exercising together builds family bonds.


Tips for promoting physical development p 44

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

5. Promote Motor Development

  • Large and Small motor skills

  • Eye-hand coordination—theability to move the hands accurately in response to what the eye sees

  • Give them opportunities to practice their new skills!


Motor skills

Motor Skills

  • Motor skillsare abilities that depend on the controlled use of muscles.

  • Motor skill development follows a very specific sequence.


Large motor skills

Large Motor skills

  • Sometimes called “gross motor skills”

  • Head and neck control: wobbly at first but by 6 mo. controls head very well.

  • Most infants can roll over by the age of six months

  • Able to pull themselves up to sitting position

  • Crawling, standing, climbing, and walking follow soon.


Small motor skills

Small motor skills

  • Sometimes called “Fine motor skills”

  • Batting objects with their hands

  • Able to grasp objects

  • Pincer grasp – the ability to take hold of small objects between thumb and forefinger.

  • Drinking from a cup is an example of a small motor skill.


Tips for promoting physical development p 45

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

  • 6. Teach & Encourage Self Care Routines

    • Dental Care

    • Bathing

    • Toileting

      • Sphincter muscles—muscles in the bowel and bladder regions that regulate elimination develops between 18 mo. & 3 years

      • More important than age Watch for signs of readiness

        (p. 320)

      • Bedwetting is a sign ofenuresis—the lack of urinary control.

  • Bedwetting is a physical problem, NOT an emotional one that should be treated with sympathy and practical support. (For more information on what parents should do see p. 321-323)


Tips for promoting physical development p 46

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

  • 7. Insure Adequate Sleep

    • Get into a good routine.

    • Deal with fear of the dark and nightmares.


Tips for promoting physical development p 47

Tips for promoting Physical Development (p.4)

  • 8. Choose Safe Clothing

    • Consider safety, ease, durability, comfort and care.

    • No Drawstrings – can get caught on playground equipment or objects such as doors, tree branches or fences.

    • Shoes need to be worn for protection and to provide support.

    • Flame resistant—treated with chemicals that will self-extinguish if they catch on fire.


How could the following help a child s development

How could the following help a child’s development

  • Dental appointments

  • Exercise

  • Medical appointments

  • Provide adequate nutrition

  • Provide adequate toys/opportunities

  • Assist, but allow them to practice dressing and typing skills

  • Facilitate/encourage sport involvement


Promoting physical development p 3

Promoting physical development (p. 3)

  • List 4 ways parents can promote physical development at each stage individually.

  • If you cannot think of 4 you may ask your table for suggestions.


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