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UNFCCC Expert Workshop on Monitoring and Evaluating Capacity Building in Developing Countries Heritage Hotel, St. John’s Antigua & Barbuda, November 5-6, 2007. Monitoring and Assessing Capacity Building Activities in Developing Countries for Combating Global Warming: Approaches.

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Monitoring and Assessing Capacity Building Activities in Developing Countries for Combating Global Warming: Approaches

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Monitoring and assessing capacity building activities in developing countries for combating global warming approaches

UNFCCC Expert Workshop on Monitoring and Evaluating Capacity Building in Developing Countries

Heritage Hotel, St. John’s

Antigua & Barbuda, November 5-6, 2007

Monitoring and Assessing Capacity Building Activities in Developing Countries for Combating Global Warming: Approaches

Professor Ji ZOU


Contents

Contents

  • Purposes and rationales

  • Indicators and baselines

  • Steps

  • Uses of the results of monitoring and evaluation

  • Practices in China

  • Conclusion


Purposes in general

Purposes: in general

  • Without substantial capacity building in Non-Annex I parties, it will be hopeless to reach the ultimate objectives of the Convention, given the increasing share of GHG emissions from Non-Annex I Parties

  • For better implementation of Decision 2/CP7 (Marrakesh Accords) with higher effectiveness and efficiency.


Purpose in concrete

Purpose: in concrete

It’s a tool to improve quality of capacity building activities:

  • Evaluate adequacy of the implementation of the convention;

  • Identify the gap of capacity and then the needs for capacity building;

  • Provide for guidance to determine priorities for capacity building during planning;

  • Share experiences and lessons learned for better performance; and

  • The mechanism of monitoring and evaluation in the context of UNFCCC guarantee the process in tracks.


Rationales

Rationales

Observe performance in climate protection

Evaluate level of capacity and compare with the

requirement of meeting the Convention’s ultimate goals

Identify the gap of capacity and the needs for capacity building

Develop programmes and plans to conduct CB activities

To evaluate the quality of CB activities: process evaluation

or

To evaluate the improvement of capacity level: objective evaluation


Monitoring and assessing capacity building activities in developing countries for combating global warming approaches

With the mandate of Decision 2/CP7,

we select process evaluation strategy

to focus on monitoring and evaluation

of CB activities together with evaluation

of performance/capacity level.


Indicators 1

Indicators 1

Principles of design

  • Easy to use and not complicated;

  • Data and information available;

  • Not too costly;

  • Covering key aspects of CB activities


Indicators 2 process oriented

Indicators 2: process-oriented

Evaluation of CB activities: what we have done?

  • Coverage of CB activities: if they have covered most of the domains/areas identified in Decision 2/CP7?

  • Range of beneficiaries: coverage of stakeholders, number of key beneficiaries (%)

  • Project numbers and amount of financial resources (in terms of percentage or growth rate)

  • Timing: how quick and how timely?


Indicators 3 objective oriented

Indicators 3: objective-oriented

Evaluation of Capacity Level

  • Human resources and endogenous capacity (performance of managers, officials, experts)

  • Institution performance (companies, institutes, and NGOs) in specific areas

  • Institutional and legal system (institutional arrangement and integrity of enabling legal and regulation basis including design and implementation)


Baseline programs plans on capacity building at national local and sectoral level

Baseline: Programs/Plans on Capacity Building at National, Local, and Sectoral Level

  • To set up a ruler against the gaps between requirement of meeting the ultimate goals of the Convention and the real local performances;

  • Compare the observation of real performance of CB activities (by means of indicators) with the baselines to identify gaps and needs for CB.


Steps

Steps

  • Set up mandates by COP/SBI and establish a task force to deal with the operation (Secretariat? An expert group? International organizations?);

  • Formulate a mechanism to make all stakeholders together for communication, data provision/submission, and analysis (e.g., NC, parties’ submissions, standard report format etc);

  • Accept rules including adoption of indicators, data collection and information sources, etc;

  • Analysis and make conclusion of the evaluation;

  • Integration of the conclusion into future plan; and

  • Report to and to be adopted by COP/MOP


Uses of the results of monitoring and evaluation

Uses of the results of monitoring and evaluation

  • Assess the adequacy of the implementation of the Convention and the Protocols

  • Sharing experiences and lessons learned among parties and organizations

  • Support the development of future plan by identification of gap and priorities

  • Support optimal allocation of resources for capacity building

  • Support 5-year comprehensive review mandated by Decision 2/CP7


Practices in china experiences and lessons learned

Practices in China: experiences and lessons learned

  • Political will and a matter of development,

  • Learning by doing,

  • Area by area and sector by sector,

  • All the changes depend on local progresses,

  • One of the challenges is to deliver knowledge, information and awareness to local government, institutions, industries, and citizens, given so large and imbalanced population and territory; and

  • A long-way to go to improve the whole country’s capacity (continuous efforts needed)


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Important and necessary to guarantee the quality of implementation of Decision 2/CP7

  • Indicators should be easy and substantial

  • Nomination is needed for special group of people/organizations to conduct regular monitoring and evaluations, and

  • The results should be widely used as guidance and basis for action program development and performance evaluation.


Thank you for your attentions zouji@ruc edu cn or zouji61@126 com

Thank you for your [email protected]@126.com


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